“The will the win is important, but the will to prepare is vital” -Joe Paterno , legendary football coach. Unit Overview: Motor Learning and Skills Development . Important Terminology: Human Growth Skills Motor Learning Sport Psychology Coaching. Human Growth & Development.
Human Growth and Development
Question: Why is it important to understand human growth and development?
1. Physical2. Cognitive
3. Motor 4. Social
Growth and development of the body’s muscles, bones, energy systems, and the nervous system.
Motor or Skills Development
Combination of physical and cognitive development.
Humans develop ability to perform a wide range of tasks.
Age indicated by physical maturity of skeleton.
Degree of bone ossification.
Factors such as nutrition, disease, and injury can cause lag.
3 Key Body Types:
More fatty tissue and thicker body parts.
Matures early, stocky, heavily muscled, broader bodies.
Later to reach maturity, thinner body, narrow hips, longer arms and legs.
Four Basic Stages:
Infancy / Toddler (0–3 Years)
Childhood (4-10 Years)
Puberty / Adolescence (11-18 Years)
Most marked growth in humans.
Double birth weight in 6 mos. and triple in _____.
By end of second yr. brain is ____of adult wt.
Body length will increase by about ___
Considerable muscular development.
Gains in ability to perform basic tasks.
Grasp, crawl, pull to stand, walk.
Most master walking by age _____
Most master running by age _____
Relatively long compared to other animals.
From 6-10 yrs. the body “stabilizes”
Uniform relationship between bone / tissue growth and development occurs.
Rapid stage of growth from 4-6 yrs.
Growth (physical and psychological) speeds up during this phase.
“Growth spurt” where boys b/cm men and girls b/cm women – sexual maturity.
_____________triggers growth in both sexes.
Marked changes in physical appearance.
Most growth has taken place.
Other physical changes:
Weight gain, reduced oxygen capacity, rise in blood pressure, joint deterioration.
Growth progresses fastest in the head, followed by the trunk and then the extremities.
Body movements that originate closer to the centre of the body seem to develop earlier than those that originate further from the centre.
Describe the 4 Phases of Movement (page 250).
What are the 5 key factors affecting physical growth? (page 251)
Explain Piaget’s four stages of cognitive development (page 253).
What’s the difference between socialization and friendship? (page 254)
Examine the checklist on page 255. This was developed to track the social development of pre-schoolers. What attributes stand out to you? Why?