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Unit Overview: Motor Learning and Skills Development

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“The will the win is important, but the will to prepare is vital” -Joe Paterno , legendary football coach. Unit Overview: Motor Learning and Skills Development . Important Terminology: Human Growth Skills Motor Learning Sport Psychology Coaching. Human Growth & Development.

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the will the win is important but the will to prepare is vital joe paterno legendary football coach
“The will the win is important, but the will to prepare is vital”-Joe Paterno, legendary football coach
unit overview motor learning and skills development
Unit Overview:Motor Learning and Skills Development

Important Terminology:

  • Human Growth
  • Skills
  • Motor Learning
  • Sport Psychology
  • Coaching
human growth development
Human Growth & Development
  • Components of human development
  • Chronological age
  • Skeletal age
  • Developmental age
  • Morphology
  • Stages of human development
  • Phases of human movement
  • Factors affecting physical growth
  • Cognitive development
  • Piaget’s four stages of cognitive development
  • Socialization
human growth and development

Human Growth and Development

Physical

Cognitive

Motor

Social

areas of human development
Question: Why is it important to understand human growth and development?Areas of Human Development
  • Answer:
  • 4 Areas of Human Development:

1. Physical 2. Cognitive

3. Motor 4. Social

4 areas of human development
Physical Development

Growth and development of the body’s muscles, bones, energy systems, and the nervous system.

Cognitive Development

4 Areas of Human Development
4 areas of human development1
Motor or Skills Development

Combination of physical and cognitive development.

Humans develop ability to perform a wide range of tasks.

Social Development

4 Areas of Human Development
age and physical development
Chronological Age

Skeletal Age

Age indicated by physical maturity of skeleton.

Degree of bone ossification.

Factors such as nutrition, disease, and injury can cause lag.

Developmental Age

Age and Physical Development
human morphology
3 Key Body Types:

More fatty tissue and thicker body parts.

Matures early, stocky, heavily muscled, broader bodies.

Later to reach maturity, thinner body, narrow hips, longer arms and legs.

Human Morphology
stages of physical human growth and development
Four Basic Stages:

Infancy / Toddler (0–3 Years)

Childhood (4-10 Years)

Puberty / Adolescence (11-18 Years)

Adulthood (18+)

Stages of Physical Human Growth and Development
infancy toddler
Most marked growth in humans.

Double birth weight in 6 mos. and triple in _____.

By end of second yr. brain is ____of adult wt.

Body length will increase by about ___

Considerable muscular development.

Gains in ability to perform basic tasks.

Grasp, crawl, pull to stand, walk.

Most master walking by age _____

Most master running by age _____

Infancy / Toddler
childhood
Relatively long compared to other animals.

From 6-10 yrs. the body “stabilizes”

Uniform relationship between bone / tissue growth and development occurs.

Rapid stage of growth from 4-6 yrs.

Childhood
puberty adolescence
Growth (physical and psychological) speeds up during this phase.

“Growth spurt” where boys b/cm men and girls b/cm women – sexual maturity.

_____________triggers growth in both sexes.

Marked changes in physical appearance.

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Puberty / Adolescence
adulthood
Most growth has taken place.

Other physical changes:

Weight gain, reduced oxygen capacity, rise in blood pressure, joint deterioration.

Adulthood
different rates of growth for different body parts
Growth progresses fastest in the head, followed by the trunk and then the extremities.

Body movements that originate closer to the centre of the body seem to develop earlier than those that originate further from the centre.

Different Rates of Growth for Different Body Parts
grab a textbook
Describe the 4 Phases of Movement (page 250).

What are the 5 key factors affecting physical growth? (page 251)

Explain Piaget’s four stages of cognitive development (page 253).

What’s the difference between socialization and friendship? (page 254)

Examine the checklist on page 255. This was developed to track the social development of pre-schoolers. What attributes stand out to you? Why?

Grab a textbook…
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