Psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic theory part 1
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Psychoanalysis and Psychoanalytic Theory (Part 1). Psychoanalysis. Term has two meanings: Theory of personality Method of therapy Both emphasize unconscious conflicts in mental life T ypically shaped by childhood experiences. Early Years.

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Psychoanalysis and Psychoanalytic Theory (Part 1)

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Psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic theory part 1

Psychoanalysis and Psychoanalytic Theory (Part 1)


Psychoanalysis

Psychoanalysis

  • Term has two meanings:

    • Theory of personality

    • Method of therapy

  • Both emphasize unconscious conflicts in mental life

    • Typically shaped by childhood experiences


Early years

Early Years

  • Born in 1856 in the small Austro-Hungarian town of Freiberg

  • Attended medical school at the University of Vienna

    • No real interest in the practice of medicine

    • Started a career in laboratory research

  • Left Vienna and went to study with Jean-Martin Charcot in Paris (between 1885-1886)


Demonstration of hysteria

Demonstration of hysteria


Studies in hysteria 1895

Studies in Hysteria (1895)

  • Collaborated with Joseph Breuer (1842-1925) on an investigation into hypnosis and hysteria

  • Freud sees hysteria as unitary disease with a single cause

    • Searched for the “source of the Nile.”

  • Argued that hysterics fell ill because of repressed trauma

    • Experience is relived under hypnosis.


Seduction hypothesis

Seduction hypothesis

  • Freud claimed that childhood sexuality was at the root of neuroses

  • Believed that a single traumatic event was at the heart of hysteria

    • All were seduced during childhood

  • Eventually gave up the seduction theory and saw the reported events as fantasies


Unconscious

Unconscious

  • Freud believed that much of our mental life is beyond our reach

  • The Unconscious (1915) –mind is a space in which ideas move between consciousness and unconsciousness


Major contributions

Major Contributions

  • Unconscious

  • Freud gave us a much better attitude towards people who were mentally ill (bad early experiences can stick with us)

  • We are all in conflict – human condition


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