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NREL’s Presenter on Community-scale Biomass. Randy Hunsberger [email protected] Combustion Gasification Pyrolysis Co-firing Enzymatic Fermentation Gas/liquid Fermentation Acid Hydrolysis/Fermentation Trans-esterification. Range of Bio-Energy Possibilities.

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Presentation Transcript
range of bio energy possibilities

Combustion

  • Gasification
  • Pyrolysis
  • Co-firing
  • Enzymatic Fermentation
  • Gas/liquid Fermentation
  • Acid Hydrolysis/Fermentation
  • Trans-esterification
Range of Bio-Energy Possibilities

Biomass Feedstock

Conversion Process

  • Products
  • Fuels
    • Ethanol
    • Biodiesel
    • “Green” Gasoline & Diesel
  • Power
    • Electricity
    • Heat
  • Chemicals
    • Plastics
    • Solvents
    • Chemical Intermediates
    • Phenolics
    • Adhesives
    • Furfural
    • Fatty Acids
    • Acetic Acid
    • Carbon Black
    • Paints
    • Dyes, Pigments, and Ink
    • Detergents
    • Etc.
  • Food and Feed
  • Trees
  • Grasses
  • Agricultural Crops
  • Residues
  • Animal Wastes
  • Municipal Solid Waste
  • Algae
  • Food Oils, Waste Oils

Photos left to right: NREL/PIX 05086, 12481

biomass siting factors
Biomass Siting Factors

Project feasibility depends on:

  • Availability and cost of each type of biomass (chips, pellets, or logs)
  • Competing fuel cost (e.g. fuel oil, natural gas, etc.)
  • Peak and annual thermal load
  • Building size and type
  • Space availability
  • Operation and maintenance staff availability and experience
  • Local emissions regulations
what s new
What’s New?
  • First biomass power plant in Colorado began operations in Gypsum/Eagle Valley 2013 and it cost $56 million.
    • CPR Article: http://www.cpr.org/news/story/colorados-first-biomass-plant-begins-delivering-electricity
  • The beetle kill wood fuel will supply electricity to 10,000 homes.
what s happening
What’s Happening?
  • Biomass activity in the Northeast US is strong
  • Wood Stove Decathlon
    • Alliance for Green Heat hosted the first ever Wood Stove Decathlon on the Washington Mall
    • http://www.forgreenheat.org/stovedesign.html
new regulations
New Regulations
  • EPA released proposed New Source Performance Standards in January, 2014
    • Would apply to new residential biomass heating systems
    • Final publication in 2015
    • www2.epa.gov/residential-wood-heaters
  • Push to add thermal to State RPSs (CO, NM, etc.)
  • Pending federal legislation (S. 1007 and H.R. 2715) would provide tax incentives for homeowners who purchase qualifying high efficiency biomass heating systems
    • http://www.biomassthermal.org/pdf/BTU_Act_Packet.pdf
upcoming meetings conferences and events
Upcoming meetings, conferences and events
  • 2014 Hearth, Patio, Barbecue ExpoExhibition: March 6-8, 2014 | Education: March 5-8, 2014 | Salt Palace Convention Center | Salt Lake City, Uthttp://www.hpbexpo.com
  • Northeast Biomass Heating Expo & ConferenceApril 9-11, 2014 in Portland, MEhttp://www.nebiomassheat.com/index.php
  • Mid-Atlantic Biomass Heat & Power ConferenceApril 23-24, 2014, Wyndham Gateway Gettysburg Campus, Gettysburg, PAhttp://www.supportpabiomass.org/conference
biomass energy projects
Biomass-energy Projects
  • Model Neighborhood Project

Subsidizing the cost to transition from oil heating systems to advanced wood pellet boilers for homeowners in Berlin, NH, and Farmington and Wilton, Maine

http://www.northernforest.org/model_neighborhood_project.html

  • The Wood to Energy Project

Two primary objectives:

  • Provide a complete literature review on the state of the science
  • Develop database of wood-to-energy related industries in the US and Canada

http://www.wood2energy.org/

installed systems data tracking site
Installed Systems Data Tracking Site
  • Northern Maine Community College/MFS

Provides a list of 24 biomass projects in Maine, as well as capital and fuel costs and savings.

http://mfs.nmcc.edu/

useful sites and links
Useful sites and links
  • USFS Woody Biomass Utilization Site

The Woody Biomass Utilization Team is an interdisciplinary team that promotes and facilitates the planning and delivery of an integrated, interdisciplinary approach to the recovery and utilization of woody biomass from ecological restoration and hazardous fuels reduction work.

http://www.fs.fed.us/woodybiomass/

  • Biomass Energy Resource Center

BERC assists communities, colleges and universities, state and local governments, businesses, utilities, schools, and others in making the most of their local biomass energy resources.

http://www.biomasscenter.org/

  • Biomass Thermal Energy Council

BTEC is an association of biomass fuel producers, appliance manufacturers and distributors, supply chain companies and non-profit organizations that view biomass thermal energy as a renewable, responsible, clean and energy-efficient pathway to meeting America’s energy needs. BTEC engages in research, education, and public advocacy for the fast growing biomass thermal energy industry.

http://www.biomassthermal.org/

  • Pellet Fuels Institute

The Pellet Fuels Institute is a non-profit association that serves the pellet industry.

http://pelletheat.org

  • Renewable Heat NY

New York to Launch Biomass Heating Initiative

http://biomassmagazine.com/articles/9885/new-york-to-launch-biomass-heating-initiative

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