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Canto 19 and 20
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Canto 19 and 20. Kiegan Rice and Palak Patel. 19 Literal. Third Pouch of 8 th Circle of Hell Simony Buying/Selling Pardons or Church Offices Punishment Souls stuck headfirst in pits, only legs out Flames touch at their feet Pope Nicholas III Thinks Dante is Pope Bontiface.

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Canto 19 and 20

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Canto 19 and 20

Canto 19 and 20

Kiegan Rice and Palak Patel


19 literal

19 Literal

  • Third Pouch of 8th Circle of Hell

  • Simony

    • Buying/Selling Pardons or Church Offices

  • Punishment

    • Souls stuck headfirst in pits, only legs out

    • Flames touch at their feet

  • Pope Nicholas III

    • Thinks Dante is Pope Bontiface


19 literal cont

19 Literal (cont.)

  • Pope Nicholas III claims that worse than him still live on Earth

  • Dante – Reference to St. Peter

    • Didn’t buy key to Heaven and Earth

  • Virgil agrees with Dante, helps him to fourth pit


19 allegorical

19 Allegorical

  • Shows that sale of holy things is not yet a thing of the past, including arranged marriages (technically sale)

  • He saw his marriage as a political marriage, wanted to marry Beatrice

  • Still feels sympathetic towards sinner, confused as to what is going on in his journey through hell

    • Less sympathetic as book goes along, accepts divine justice


19 moral

19 Moral

  • Criticism of the Catholic Church

  • Pope Nicholas, Simon Magus (sorcerer)

  • Represented spiritual services for money

    • Indulgences - Reformation

  • Like worshipping a false idol


19 anagogical

19 Anagogical

  • Upside-down people

    • Subordinated the heavenly to the Earthly

  • Simon Magus – Talked against before reach Simony circle, Simony is named after him


20 literal

20 Literal

  • Fourth Pouch of 8th Circle of Hell

  • Punishment, endless walking

  • Sees…OMG…backwards heads!!

    • pity

  • Astrologers, Diviners, Magicians

    • Amphiaraus, Tiresias, Aruns, Manto

  • Virgil tells about the founding of Mantua


20 allegorical

20 Allegorical

  • The Divine Comedy, as it goes deeper into hell and harsher punishments, now has less emphasis on Dante’s character and more on moral judgment of others

    • Dante- sympathy and uncertainty, goal: moral clarity

    • Virgil- rationality and straightforward, goal: lead Dante


20 moral

20 Moral

  • Used trickery instead of actual magic

    • Didn’t like astrologers

    • Virgil had absolutely no sympathy for them either


20 anagogical

20 Anagogical

  • Must look backwards because they tried to look forward into the future during life

  • Deformation of Education = Magic

    • Virgil’s Reason vs. Magic

    • Possibly represents Dante’s view of Reason vs. Power


19 20 poetic

19 & 20 Poetic

  • 19 – Dante’s speech about simony – 6 lines – Devil?!

  • “Here pity or here piety, must die if the other lives; who’s wickeder than one that’s agonised by God’s high equity”

    • Double significance, mutually exclusive

  • (HARRY POTTER!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!)


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