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Partial Pressures and Surface EquivalentsPowerPoint Presentation

Partial Pressures and Surface Equivalents

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## PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Partial Pressures and Surface Equivalents' - quincy-morrow

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Presentation Transcript

Why Do We Care?

- Typically when diving we breathe a mixed gas.
- Our body cares more about the partial pressure of a gas than about the % of the gas in the overall mix.
- During descent or ascent, divers are affected by changes in the partial pressure of a gas.
- To understand and predict the effect of these changes, think in terms of surface equivalents.

Objectives

- Given the percentage of an individual gas within a mixed gas, correctly calculate the partial pressure of a gas, in atm. or psi, for a given depth.
- Given the percentage of an individual gas within a gas mixture, and the depth at which it is being used, correctly calculate the surface equivalent.

Main Points

- Definition of Partial Pressure
- Calculating the partial pressure of a gas
- Calculating surface equivalents

Partial Pressure

- Pressure exerted by each individual gas
within a mixed gas.

- Expressed as PPg where g is the gas
- Partial Pressure of Oxygen PP02
- Partial Pressure of Nitrogen PPN2

Calculating PPg

Calculating PPg in atm..

Multiply %g in atm.. x total # atm..

Calculating PPg in psi

Multiply PPg atm. x 14.7 psi

Calculating PP02 at depth

Calculate PP02 in air at a depth of 66fsw

Pressure atm.. =

(depth + 33)/33

Pressure atm. =

(66+33)/33

Pressure atm. =

3atm.

PP02 atm. =

3atm.. X .2 =.6 atm..

PP02 psi =

.6 atm. x 14.7 psi = 8.82 psi

Surface Equivalents

- Breathing air at 297 feet of sea water (fsw) is the same as breathing what PP02 at sea level?
% of 02 in air at any depth

20%

Pressure in atms. @ 297 fsw

(297' + 33‘)/33’ =10 atm

PP02 in air at 297 fsw

.2 x 10atm. =2atm

Surface Equivalents

Breathing air with 2% C02 at 99' sea water,

what is the surface equivalent?

% C02 in this mix at any depth

2% or .02atm.

Pressure in atms. @ 99 fsw

(99' + 33‘)/33’ = 4atm.

Surface Equivalent of 2% CO2 @ 99fsw

.02 x 4atm. = 8% or .08 atm.

Have We Covered

- Definition of Partial Pressure
- Calculating the partial pressure of a gas
- Calculating surface equivalents

Are you able to

- Given the percentage of an individual gas within a mixed gas, correctly calculate the partial pressure of a gas, in atm. or psi, for a given depth.
- Given the percentage of an individual gas within a gas mixture, and the depth at which it is being used, correctly calculate the surface equivalent.

Summary

- Typically when diving we breathe a mixed gas.
- Our body cares more about the pressure of the gas than about the % of the gas in the mix.
- Even though the % of a gas does not change with depth, the partial pressure of the gas does change.
- The effects of a gas are determined by the partial pressure of the gas and this explains phenomena such as ??????.

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