Comments to the study on the pipe-to-soil voltages induced in the Czech oil pipelines
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Comments to the study on the pipe-to-soil voltages induced in the Czech oil pipelines (Issues behind science). Pavel Hejda Institute of Geophysics of the ASCR, Prague, Czech Republic. Oil pipelines in the Czech Republic. Owner of the Czech pipelines is the company MERO ČR a.s .

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Comments to the study on the pipe-to-soil voltages induced in the Czech oil pipelines

(Issues behind science)

Pavel Hejda

Institute of Geophysics of the ASCR, Prague, Czech Republic

Pipe to soil voltages


Oil pipelines in the czech republic
Oil pipelines in the Czech Republic in the Czech oil pipelines

Owner of the Czech pipelines is the company MERO ČR a.s.

The monitoring of cathodic protection is provided by service company 1.korozni, spol. s r.o.

MERO ČR operates two pipeline systems: Družba built in sixties and seventies and IKL (Ingolstadt – Kralupy) built in the beginning of nineties.

Pipe to soil voltages


Data in the Czech oil pipelines

  • We have obtained data registered at (remote control) stations for monitoring of cathodic protection (distant from cathodic protection stations)

  • 63 stations distributed over the entire network

  • sampling rate: 30 seconds or 1 minute

  • time interval: autumn 2004 – spring 2005

  • However, technicians of the company were stingy about technical details. They were also afraid of leaking of information.

Pipe to soil voltages


Preliminary results: Correlation between pipe-to-soil voltages and geoelectric field computed from geomagnetic observatory data - November 6 to 11, 2004

As the induced pipe-to-soil voltage depends not only on the magnitude of the electric field but also on its direction, we computed a direction which gives the highest correlation.

The size of the arrows is proportional to the correlation coefficient (maximum is 0.88) and the angle shows the best fit direction.

Electrified railways – DC suppliedand AC supplied

Pipe to soil voltages


Geomagnetically induced pipe to soil voltages problems
Geomagnetically induced pipe-to-soil voltages - problems voltages and geoelectric field computed from geomagnetic observatory data - November 6 to 11, 2004

The best-fit directions confirm the prevailing influence of component of electric field parallel to the pipe-line, but only in Druzba pipeline!

Changes in orientation: do they corresponds to the standing waves in transmission line?

The effect of cathodic protection?

Pipe to soil voltages


Can we get more
Can we get more? voltages and geoelectric field computed from geomagnetic observatory data - November 6 to 11, 2004

  • Boteler (1991) has shown that the telluric voltage induced in the pipeline can be calculated using distributed source transmission line (DSTL) theory.

  • However:

  • the pipelines are divided into segments (10 – 20 km) by ferro-concrete shafts

  • there is always a bundle of pipelines (oil, gas, ..)

  • the long-distance pipelines are crossed by many local (gas) pipelines

Pipe to soil voltages


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