Chapter 28-2: Texas Courts Systems. Guided Notes. Texas Judicial System. A. Consists of : Courts Judges Law enforcement agencies B. Serves the purposes of: Supporting a system for the trial and punishment of criminals Providing a system to arbitrate (resolve) legal disputes
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A. Consists of :
B. Serves the purposes of:
C. Has Authority over:
well as the right to oversee
A. Civil Law pertains to legal disputes between:
B. Most civil casesconcern disputes about:
3) Insurance claims
4) Child custody and support
2. Itdeals with crime and the legal punishment of criminal offenses.
(2) Types of offenses:
You may want to write these down!!!
*A felony is a "very serious" crime.
*A misdemeanor is a "lesser" criminal act.
1. Grand Jury: Decides whether a trial is warranted (legally necessary)
District Courts:Most Texas District courts try BOTH criminal and civil cases
County Courts: Texas Constitution requires each of the 254 counties in Texas to have at least one county court
County courts try Civil cases between $500.00 and $5,000.00 and criminal misdemeanor cases with fine over $2,000.00
Municipal Courts:Located in larger cities.
Violations of city ordinances and Misdemeanor cases
with maximum fines below $2,000.00
Texas Department of Juvenile Corrections oversees 1)juvenile trials,2) facilities, 3) boot camps, 4) courts, and 5) rehabilitation for offenders
up to the age of 18