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Introduction to Greek and Roman History. Lecture 15 Sulla’s reforms and legacy.

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introduction to greek and roman history

Introduction to Greek and Roman History

Lecture 15

Sulla’s reforms and legacy

slide2

Faustus Cornelius Sulla. 56 BC,Rome mint. R/ FAVSTVS before, diademed and draped bust of Diana right, wearing cruciform earring and double necklace of pearls and pendants, and jewels in hair pulled into a knot; crescent above, lituus behind. V/ FELIX at upper right, Sulla seated left on a raised seat; before him kneels Bocchus, offering an olive-branch; behind, Jugurtha kneeling left, wearing beard, hands tied behind his back.

slide4

The Social War, 91-88 B.C.

  • Drusus’ tribunate, 91
  • Equestrian were required to give up their juridical posts and compensated with 300 seats in the Senate
  • Allies were offered Roman citizenship
  • Resumption of land reform and improvement of grain supply in Rome
  • Drusus is killed, a praetor is assassinated in Asculum, revolt breaks out.
slide7

Italy after the Social War

  • Rome controlled the whole of the Italian peninsula from the Po river to the Strait of Messina.
  • All former colonies and allied communities became municipia.
  • - Number of citizens rose from 394,000 to 963,000
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The Peace of Dardanus

  • Return of all of Mithridates’ conquests in Asia Minor and the Aegean
  • Return of all the prisoners and deserters
  • Assumption of all the costs for the maintenance of Sulla’s army
  • War indemnity of 2,000 talents
slide12

Sulla’s dictatorship (82-80)

  • Tribunate is emasculated
  • Liquidation of political opponents
  • Property redistribution
  • Strengthen senatorial rule
  • Number of praetors from 6 to 8, quaestors from 16 to 20
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