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Introduction to Greek and Roman History. Lecture 15 Sulla’s reforms and legacy.

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Introduction to greek and roman history

Introduction to Greek and Roman History

Lecture 15

Sulla’s reforms and legacy


Faustus Cornelius Sulla. 56 BC,Rome mint. R/ FAVSTVS before, diademed and draped bust of Diana right, wearing cruciform earring and double necklace of pearls and pendants, and jewels in hair pulled into a knot; crescent above, lituus behind. V/ FELIX at upper right, Sulla seated left on a raised seat; before him kneels Bocchus, offering an olive-branch; behind, Jugurtha kneeling left, wearing beard, hands tied behind his back.


Pompeii diademed and draped bust of Diana right, wearing cruciform earring and double necklace of pearls and pendants, and jewels in hair pulled into a knot; crescent above, lituus behind. V/ FELIX at upper right, Sulla seated left on a raised seat; before him kneels Bocchus, offering an olive-branch; behind, Jugurtha kneeling left, wearing beard, hands tied behind his back.


The Social War, 91-88 B.C. diademed and draped bust of Diana right, wearing cruciform earring and double necklace of pearls and pendants, and jewels in hair pulled into a knot; crescent above, lituus behind. V/ FELIX at upper right, Sulla seated left on a raised seat; before him kneels Bocchus, offering an olive-branch; behind, Jugurtha kneeling left, wearing beard, hands tied behind his back.

  • Drusus’ tribunate, 91

  • Equestrian were required to give up their juridical posts and compensated with 300 seats in the Senate

  • Allies were offered Roman citizenship

  • Resumption of land reform and improvement of grain supply in Rome

  • Drusus is killed, a praetor is assassinated in Asculum, revolt breaks out.


The Social War, 91-88 B.C. diademed and draped bust of Diana right, wearing cruciform earring and double necklace of pearls and pendants, and jewels in hair pulled into a knot; crescent above, lituus behind. V/ FELIX at upper right, Sulla seated left on a raised seat; before him kneels Bocchus, offering an olive-branch; behind, Jugurtha kneeling left, wearing beard, hands tied behind his back.

UMBRIA

APULIA


The Italian confederacy takes oath against Rome diademed and draped bust of Diana right, wearing cruciform earring and double necklace of pearls and pendants, and jewels in hair pulled into a knot; crescent above, lituus behind. V/ FELIX at upper right, Sulla seated left on a raised seat; before him kneels Bocchus, offering an olive-branch; behind, Jugurtha kneeling left, wearing beard, hands tied behind his back.


Italy after the Social War diademed and draped bust of Diana right, wearing cruciform earring and double necklace of pearls and pendants, and jewels in hair pulled into a knot; crescent above, lituus behind. V/ FELIX at upper right, Sulla seated left on a raised seat; before him kneels Bocchus, offering an olive-branch; behind, Jugurtha kneeling left, wearing beard, hands tied behind his back.

  • Rome controlled the whole of the Italian peninsula from the Po river to the Strait of Messina.

  • All former colonies and allied communities became municipia.

  • - Number of citizens rose from 394,000 to 963,000


88: Mithridates invades the province of Asia diademed and draped bust of Diana right, wearing cruciform earring and double necklace of pearls and pendants, and jewels in hair pulled into a knot; crescent above, lituus behind. V/ FELIX at upper right, Sulla seated left on a raised seat; before him kneels Bocchus, offering an olive-branch; behind, Jugurtha kneeling left, wearing beard, hands tied behind his back.


First Mithridatic War diademed and draped bust of Diana right, wearing cruciform earring and double necklace of pearls and pendants, and jewels in hair pulled into a knot; crescent above, lituus behind. V/ FELIX at upper right, Sulla seated left on a raised seat; before him kneels Bocchus, offering an olive-branch; behind, Jugurtha kneeling left, wearing beard, hands tied behind his back.


The Peace of Dardanus diademed and draped bust of Diana right, wearing cruciform earring and double necklace of pearls and pendants, and jewels in hair pulled into a knot; crescent above, lituus behind. V/ FELIX at upper right, Sulla seated left on a raised seat; before him kneels Bocchus, offering an olive-branch; behind, Jugurtha kneeling left, wearing beard, hands tied behind his back.

  • Return of all of Mithridates’ conquests in Asia Minor and the Aegean

  • Return of all the prisoners and deserters

  • Assumption of all the costs for the maintenance of Sulla’s army

  • War indemnity of 2,000 talents


Praeneste diademed and draped bust of Diana right, wearing cruciform earring and double necklace of pearls and pendants, and jewels in hair pulled into a knot; crescent above, lituus behind. V/ FELIX at upper right, Sulla seated left on a raised seat; before him kneels Bocchus, offering an olive-branch; behind, Jugurtha kneeling left, wearing beard, hands tied behind his back.


Sulla’s dictatorship (82-80) diademed and draped bust of Diana right, wearing cruciform earring and double necklace of pearls and pendants, and jewels in hair pulled into a knot; crescent above, lituus behind. V/ FELIX at upper right, Sulla seated left on a raised seat; before him kneels Bocchus, offering an olive-branch; behind, Jugurtha kneeling left, wearing beard, hands tied behind his back.

  • Tribunate is emasculated

  • Liquidation of political opponents

  • Property redistribution

  • Strengthen senatorial rule

  • Number of praetors from 6 to 8, quaestors from 16 to 20


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