Introduction to greek and roman history
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Introduction to Greek and Roman History. Lecture 15 Sulla’s reforms and legacy.

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Introduction to Greek and Roman History

Lecture 15

Sulla’s reforms and legacy


Faustus Cornelius Sulla. 56 BC,Rome mint. R/ FAVSTVS before, diademed and draped bust of Diana right, wearing cruciform earring and double necklace of pearls and pendants, and jewels in hair pulled into a knot; crescent above, lituus behind. V/ FELIX at upper right, Sulla seated left on a raised seat; before him kneels Bocchus, offering an olive-branch; behind, Jugurtha kneeling left, wearing beard, hands tied behind his back.


Pompeii


The Social War, 91-88 B.C.

  • Drusus’ tribunate, 91

  • Equestrian were required to give up their juridical posts and compensated with 300 seats in the Senate

  • Allies were offered Roman citizenship

  • Resumption of land reform and improvement of grain supply in Rome

  • Drusus is killed, a praetor is assassinated in Asculum, revolt breaks out.


The Social War, 91-88 B.C.

UMBRIA

APULIA


The Italian confederacy takes oath against Rome


Italy after the Social War

  • Rome controlled the whole of the Italian peninsula from the Po river to the Strait of Messina.

  • All former colonies and allied communities became municipia.

  • - Number of citizens rose from 394,000 to 963,000


88: Mithridates invades the province of Asia


First Mithridatic War


The Peace of Dardanus

  • Return of all of Mithridates’ conquests in Asia Minor and the Aegean

  • Return of all the prisoners and deserters

  • Assumption of all the costs for the maintenance of Sulla’s army

  • War indemnity of 2,000 talents


Praeneste


Sulla’s dictatorship (82-80)

  • Tribunate is emasculated

  • Liquidation of political opponents

  • Property redistribution

  • Strengthen senatorial rule

  • Number of praetors from 6 to 8, quaestors from 16 to 20


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