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DOG. What are the names of the two oceans that touch the U.S.?. Chapter 18 The Western Frontier. Section 1- The Mining Booms. Pike’s Peak or Bust. Gold found here in 1885. Lodes. Rich streaks of ORE sandwiched between layers of rocks. Ore. Rocks that contain minerals

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  • What are the names of the two oceans that touch the U.S.?

Chapter 18The Western Frontier

Section 1- The Mining Booms

Pike’s Peak or Bust

  • Gold found here in 1885


  • Rich streaks of ORE sandwiched between layers of rocks


  • Rocks that contain minerals

  • What was the Comstock Lode?

    The streak of silver found in Nevada

Comstock Lode

  • Found on the Carson River in Nevada

Henry Comstock

  • Owned a share of the claim

  • Sold it for 11,000 and 2 mules


  • Towns that grew overnight around mining towns

Virginia City, Nevada

  • Site of the Comstock Boomtown


  • Citizens acting as a judge, jury, and executioner

Ghost Towns

  • Deserted Boomtowns

The Railroad

  • Grew between 1865 and 1890

  • The Government paid them to build tracks


  • Financial aid from the government

Transcontinental Rail Line

  • A train that could connect each coast

  • What are the names of the two coasts in the U.S.?

  • Atlantic, and Pacific

Railroad Companies

Union Pacific

Central pacific

What are the 4 time zones called?

  • Eastern

  • Central

  • Mountain

  • Pacific

Chapter 18

  • Section 2

Mexico and Texas

  • Settled by the Spanish


  • Cattle found in Texas

  • Tough enough to survive the desert and heat

Open Range

  • Not fenced or divided into property lots

Where were the cow towns located and Why?

  • Near railroads so that the cows should be shipped east to bigger cities


  • Hispanic ranch hands (cowboys)

Homestead Act

  • Gave 160 acres of land to any settler who paid the filing fee


  • Owning a piece of land because you settled it


  • The migration of freed slaves to the west


  • Farmers on the plains

  • What is Sod?

Dry Farming

  • Planting seeds deep in the ground where there is some moisture

Boomers and Sooners

  • Boomers went to Oklahoma to claim free land

  • Sooners got there first

Chapter 18

  • Section 3 – Begin Reading Chapter 18, Section III

American Story


Crazy Horse


  • People who follow their food

Plains Indian Tribes


Osage Chief Black dog

Other Plains Indian Tribes



The Sioux Nation

Sioux Governing Council

  • Worked like a city council

Threats to the Buffalo

  • The Indians used everything

  • The Settlers shot them for fun


  • Pieces of land set aside for the Indians

The Dakota Territory

  • The lands set aside for the Sioux Indians to live on

Bureau of Indian Affairs

  • Was set up to manage all the Indian tribes

Red Cloud

  • Was the leader of the Sioux warriors

The Minnesota Territory

  • Where Red Cloud and his warriors destroyed settler’s homes in 1862

The Lakota People

  • Were the original owners of the land where Mount Rushmore is today

The Bozeman Trail

  • A route used by gold miners to get through Montana

Crazy Horse

  • Joined Sitting Bull and the Cheyenne Warriors to attack Custer

Red Cloud and Crazy Horse

  • Leaders of the Sioux attacks on white settlers

Fort Lyon

  • Where several Sioux warriors surrendered to the Army

Chief Black Kettle

  • Leader of the Cheyenne who were attacked when they came in peace

John Chivington

  • Led the attack on Black Kettle and the Cheyenne

The Black Hills

  • Located in North Dakota

  • Gold was found here and men came onto Sioux land to get it

Sitting Bull

  • Leader of the Sioux

  • Refused to sell any land to U.S.

Battle of Little Big Horn

  • When Sitting Bull , the Sioux leader, and Crazy Horse , the Cheyenne leader, attacked and killed General Custer and his men

Lt. Colonel George Custer

  • Led his men to a massacre by the Cheyenne at Little Big Horn


  • The last of the Indians to surrender

Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce

  • “I Will Fight No More…..”

Dawes Act

  • Forced the Native Americans off of their land and made them become farmers

Wounded Knee

  • The last battle between the Armed forces of the U.S. and the Native Americans

Chapter 18

  • Section 4

National Grange

  • The first farmers association


  • Stores where farmers bought products for each other

Populist Party

  • The party of the people

Free Silver

  • The unlimited production of silver coins

Grover Cleveland

  • Won the Presidential election of 1892

William McKinley

  • Defeated William Jennings Bryan in the election of 1896

The End

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