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DOG. What are the names of the two oceans that touch the U.S.?. Chapter 18 The Western Frontier. Section 1- The Mining Booms. Pike’s Peak or Bust. Gold found here in 1885. Lodes. Rich streaks of ORE sandwiched between layers of rocks. Ore. Rocks that contain minerals

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  • What are the names of the two oceans that touch the U.S.?

Chapter 18 the western frontier

Chapter 18The Western Frontier

Section 1- The Mining Booms

Pike s peak or bust

Pike’s Peak or Bust

  • Gold found here in 1885



  • Rich streaks of ORE sandwiched between layers of rocks



  • Rocks that contain minerals

  • What was the Comstock Lode?

    The streak of silver found in Nevada

Comstock lode

Comstock Lode

  • Found on the Carson River in Nevada

Henry comstock

Henry Comstock

  • Owned a share of the claim

  • Sold it for 11,000 and 2 mules



  • Towns that grew overnight around mining towns

Virginia city nevada

Virginia City, Nevada

  • Site of the Comstock Boomtown



  • Citizens acting as a judge, jury, and executioner

Ghost towns

Ghost Towns

  • Deserted Boomtowns

The railroad

The Railroad

  • Grew between 1865 and 1890

  • The Government paid them to build tracks



  • Financial aid from the government

Transcontinental rail line

Transcontinental Rail Line

  • A train that could connect each coast

  • What are the names of the two coasts in the U.S.?

  • Atlantic, and Pacific

Railroad companies

Railroad Companies

Union Pacific

Central pacific

What are the 4 time zones called

What are the 4 time zones called?

  • Eastern

  • Central

  • Mountain

  • Pacific

Chapter 18

Chapter 18

  • Section 2

Mexico and texas

Mexico and Texas

  • Settled by the Spanish



  • Cattle found in Texas

  • Tough enough to survive the desert and heat

Open range

Open Range

  • Not fenced or divided into property lots

Where were the cow towns located and why

Where were the cow towns located and Why?

  • Near railroads so that the cows should be shipped east to bigger cities



  • Hispanic ranch hands (cowboys)

Homestead act

Homestead Act

  • Gave 160 acres of land to any settler who paid the filing fee



  • Owning a piece of land because you settled it



  • The migration of freed slaves to the west



  • Farmers on the plains

  • What is Sod?

Dry farming

Dry Farming

  • Planting seeds deep in the ground where there is some moisture

Boomers and sooners

Boomers and Sooners

  • Boomers went to Oklahoma to claim free land

  • Sooners got there first

Chapter 181

Chapter 18

  • Section 3 – Begin Reading Chapter 18, Section III

American story

American Story


Crazy Horse



  • People who follow their food

Plains indian tribes

Plains Indian Tribes


Osage Chief Black dog

Other plains indian tribes

Other Plains Indian Tribes



The sioux nation

The Sioux Nation

Sioux governing council

Sioux Governing Council

  • Worked like a city council

Threats to the buffalo

Threats to the Buffalo

  • The Indians used everything

  • The Settlers shot them for fun



  • Pieces of land set aside for the Indians

The dakota territory

The Dakota Territory

  • The lands set aside for the Sioux Indians to live on

Bureau of indian affairs

Bureau of Indian Affairs

  • Was set up to manage all the Indian tribes

Red cloud

Red Cloud

  • Was the leader of the Sioux warriors

The minnesota territory

The Minnesota Territory

  • Where Red Cloud and his warriors destroyed settler’s homes in 1862

The lakota people

The Lakota People

  • Were the original owners of the land where Mount Rushmore is today

The bozeman trail

The Bozeman Trail

  • A route used by gold miners to get through Montana

Crazy horse

Crazy Horse

  • Joined Sitting Bull and the Cheyenne Warriors to attack Custer

Red cloud and crazy horse

Red Cloud and Crazy Horse

  • Leaders of the Sioux attacks on white settlers

Fort lyon

Fort Lyon

  • Where several Sioux warriors surrendered to the Army

Chief black kettle

Chief Black Kettle

  • Leader of the Cheyenne who were attacked when they came in peace

John chivington

John Chivington

  • Led the attack on Black Kettle and the Cheyenne

The black hills

The Black Hills

  • Located in North Dakota

  • Gold was found here and men came onto Sioux land to get it

Sitting bull

Sitting Bull

  • Leader of the Sioux

  • Refused to sell any land to U.S.

Battle of little big horn

Battle of Little Big Horn

  • When Sitting Bull , the Sioux leader, and Crazy Horse , the Cheyenne leader, attacked and killed General Custer and his men

Lt colonel george custer

Lt. Colonel George Custer

  • Led his men to a massacre by the Cheyenne at Little Big Horn



  • The last of the Indians to surrender

Chief joseph of the nez perce

Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce

  • “I Will Fight No More…..”

Dawes act

Dawes Act

  • Forced the Native Americans off of their land and made them become farmers

Wounded knee

Wounded Knee

  • The last battle between the Armed forces of the U.S. and the Native Americans

Chapter 182

Chapter 18

  • Section 4

National grange

National Grange

  • The first farmers association



  • Stores where farmers bought products for each other

Populist party

Populist Party

  • The party of the people

Free silver

Free Silver

  • The unlimited production of silver coins

Grover cleveland

Grover Cleveland

  • Won the Presidential election of 1892

William mckinley

William McKinley

  • Defeated William Jennings Bryan in the election of 1896

The end

The End

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