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???????????????????. ?????????????? (????????)??????????????????????. ??????????????????????. ???????????????????? antibiotic resistance microorganism pathogenic bacteria ???????? ????????? ??????????? . ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???

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.


()


antibiotic resistance microorganism

pathogenic bacteria






1.

2.

3.

4.



.. 2538-2542

3.4 - 3.6 /

( 1 10 )


.. 2536

.. 2544


EU Farm to Table





Risk Profile


Risk Profile

Risk Profile Risk Evaluation


Risk Profile

1. ( )

2. Salmonella spp.

3. ( )


4.

5.

6.

7.


8.

9.

10.

11.


hazard profile




-



2543- 2544

/

1 .. 43 V. cholerae

2.. 43V. cholerae

3.. 43V. cholerae

4. 43V. choleraeFrozen baby octopus

5.. 43V. cholerae

and V. parahaemolyticus

: (2544)


Oxytetracycline

.. (./.)

()

2537 1478 22 1.49 0.16 0.49 0.26

2538 1567 12 0.77 0.14 1.46 0.38

2539 1055 12 1.14 0.13 3.31 0.54

2540 628 11 1.75 0.13 0.69 0.40

2541 477 3 0.63 0.10 2.05 0.77

5205 60 1.15 0.10 3.31 0.39

: (2543)


2540 2541

() (./.)

13 10 76.92 484.79-5,375.07

11 9 81.82 521.28 1,641.50

22 6 27.27 309.13 1,872.38

23 23 100 809.41 2,357.83

: (2542)


2537-2543

/ Case

. () ()

14/2543 140 () V. parahaemolyticus

28/2539 140 ()

32/2541 102 ()

4 2537-3/2538 84(6) Tetrodotoxin

51-2539 43()


( 2535-2541)

()

1Canned shrimp 30 19.6

2 Canned tuna/sardine 29 19.0

3 Fish sauce 18 11.7

153 100

: (2542)


()

1 Inspection7951.6

2 Pathogen2717.6

3 Labelling1711.1

4 Additive138.5

. . . .

7 Antibiotic10.7

153100

: (2542)


-




  • /

  • /



()

()

()

()



()

1. /

2.

3.

4.

5.


()

6.

7.1 7.2

8.


3



()

1. B:

Parasite

A. hydrophila

Salmonella spp.

C: Antibiotic

P:


()

2. () B:

Parasite

A. hydrophila

Salmonella spp. Viruses

C: Antibiotic, Heavy metal, Pesticide

P:



(Severity)

Clostridium botulinum, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Vibrio cholerae , Paralytic Shellfish Poison

Salmonella, HAV, mycotoxin

Bacillus, Clostridium perfringens,


2

SaMiMaCr

SaMiMa Ma

SaMiMi Mi

SaSaSa Sa


()


Vibrio parahaemolyticus

Salmonella spp.

Vibrio cholerae

Staphylococcus aureus (Toxin)


Aquaculture drugs

Tetrodotoxin

Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning

Scombroid toxin (Histamine)

Borax

Staphylococcus aureus (Toxin)


.-.



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