Middle East Geography. Crossroads to Africa, Asia, and Europe Cultural Diffusion / Diversity Strategic Location- Sea Routes, Oil Straits of Hormuz. Middle East Geography. Major Regions Northern Tier- Turkey, Iran and the Anatolian Plateau, Iranian Plateau
WW1 Treaty of Versailles stripped Middle East from Ottoman Empire (who sided with Germany) - Britain and France get Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Trans-Jordan, Palestine.
-OPEC- Organization of Petroleum Exporting Nations- Middle Eastern, Latin American, and African members.
Sets per barrel export prices on “light sweet crude”
Affect gasoline prices worldwide
U.S. and Great Britain are not members
OPEC has used supply issues as weapons against the West