6 Principles to Consider When Handling Agricultural Animals. Unit 7, Lesson 3: Handling & Restraint of Animals. Understand The Flight Zone Livestock's Field of Vision Animals “Follow The Leader” Instinct Minimize Distractions Animals Sensitivity to High Frequency Noise
Unit 7, Lesson 3: Handling & Restraint of Animals
Flight zone is the animal's personal space; the size of the flight zone is determined by the wildness or tameness of the animal.
Completely tame animals have no flight zone
The flight zone gets bigger when an animal becomes excited.
The flight zone is also bigger when you approach "head on".
An animal's flight zone will vary depending on how calm it is.
Calm cattle are easier to move.
If cattle become excited, it takes 20 to 30 minutes for them to calm back down.
Animal will begin to move away when the handler penetrates the edge of the flight zone.
The point of balance is at the animal's shoulder.
All species of livestock will move forward if the handler stands behind the point of balance.
They will back up if the handler stands in front of the point of balance.
Handlers who understand the concepts of flight zone and point of balance will be able to move animals more easily.
This pictures demonstrates the flight zone of a herd of sheep.
a.solid portable panel is so effective for handling pigs.
b.Sight restriction will lower stress levels
D.Even though ruminant animals have depth perception, their ability to perceive depth at ground level while moving with their heads up is probably poor
E.In areas where animals are handled, illumination should be uniform and diffuse.
a.Human hearing most sensitive at 1000 to 3000 Hz
A.Squeeze Chutes: There are many different types available
B.As cattle move toward the squeeze chute, it is important to keep them moving
C.As an animal comes into the chute, the chute head catch must be closed
D.Timing is critical
E.Once the animal has stopped moving or is restrained in a squeeze chute, it can be haltered
But experience is the best teacher!
Share some of the things you have learned when handling animals.
Cattle are easier to drive then to halter or lead
New or strange people or objects will cause an animal to balk and bolt
Animals single file in alleyways may refuse to move or try to back up
Beware of Kicking, Butting
Bulls can be VERY aggressive