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Workshop 5 Disabilities & Assistive Technology for the Web. Web Content Accessibility Project Funded by BCcampus Natasha Boskic, Kirsten Bole, Nathan Hapke University of British Columbia. Workshop schedule. Monday August 21 Basics of Web Accessibility

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Workshop 5 disabilities assistive technology for the web

Workshop 5Disabilities & Assistive Technology for the Web

Web Content Accessibility Project

Funded by BCcampus

Natasha Boskic, Kirsten Bole, Nathan Hapke

University of British Columbia


Workshop schedule

  • Monday August 21Basics of Web Accessibility

  • Tuesday August 22Coding an Accessible Website

  • Wednesday August 23Accessible Multimedia

  • Thursday August 24Creating Usable Content

  • Friday August 25Disabilities & Assistive Technology


The plan
The Plan

  • Overview

  • Types of disabilities

  • Technologies that address them


What you ll get out of this
What you’ll get out of this

  • Understanding of disabilities and how they affect computer use

  • Learn what technologies can be used to get around these obstacles

  • Can take this knowledge into consideration when planning an online course or website…

  • …and when accommodating a disabled student in a classroom course.


Types of disabilities
Types of disabilities

  • Learning/Cognitive

  • Visual

  • Physical/Motor

  • Hearing


Learning cognitive
Learning/Cognitive

  • Learning & emotional disorders most common disability at UBC

  • Learning disorders: dyslexia, dysgraphia, ADHD

  • Cognitive disorders: brain injury, autism, dementia

  • Most difficult to adapt for since there is so much variation


Difficulties experienced
Difficulties experienced

  • Attention & concentration

  • Resolving written words

  • Comprehension of written text

  • Planning and time management

  • Problem-solving


Everyday items
Everyday items

  • Not all AT has to be high-tech

  • Day planners

  • Calculators

  • Sticky notes & highlighters

  • Spelling & grammar checkers


Assistive technology
Assistive technology

  • Similar to low-vision AT

  • Screen reader reads text aloud

  • Literacy software aids with pronunciation, highlights current line being read

  • Predictive typing helps choose right word

  • Time management software, palmtops

  • Academic advice & consultation


Vision
Vision

  • Most profoundly affected by Web

  • Web is extremely visual

  • Web developers need to accommodate needs more than for any other group


Vision1
Vision

  • Screen reader(JAWS)

  • Screen magnifier(Zoomtext)

  • Braille displays


Physical motor
Physical/motor

  • Little or no control of hands

  • Injury or condition

  • Adaptive keyboards & pointing devices

  • Built-in accessibility features for Windows and Mac

  • Additional software


Adaptive keyboards
Adaptive keyboards

  • Keyguards allow hands to rest on keys

  • Mini-keyboards minimize hand motion

  • Datahand uses finger movement only…

  • orbitTouch needsno fine movementat all.


Adaptive pointing devices
Adaptive pointing devices

  • Many alternatives to the standard mouse

  • Also can help prevent RSI

  • Trackball

  • Trackpad

  • Graphics tablet


Hands free computing
Hands-free computing

  • Voice recognition software

  • On-screen keyboard

  • Head-tracking mouse

  • Foot mouse


Accessibility features in os
Accessibility features in OS

  • Windows & Mac

    • Sticky keys / filter keys

    • Screen magnifiers

    • Mouse & cursor control

    • Keyboard navigation

    • Visual alert

  • Windows

    • On-screen keyboard

  • Mac

    • Speech recognition for specific commands


Hearing
Hearing

  • Web most beneficial to hearing-impaired

  • Obstacles include videos, mp3s, podcasts

  • Often not essential to course material

  • Closed-captioning, transcripts

  • Hearing aids


Try it yourself
Try it yourself…

  • Change the accessibility options in your OS.

  • Can you navigate a web site by keyboard alone?

  • Download & try a trial version of a screenreader. Can you understand a site read aloud without looking at the screen?


Thank you for coming
Thank you for coming!


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