Open access to publications and research data in horizon 2020
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Open access to publications and research data in Horizon 2020. José Cotta Head of Unit Digital Science Directorate -General for Communications Networks, Content & Technology (DG CONNECT) Horizon 2020 ICT/FET National Contact Points Training Brussels, 23-24 October 2013.

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Open access to publications and research data in Horizon 2020

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Open access to publications and research data in Horizon 2020

José Cotta

Head of Unit Digital Science

Directorate-General for Communications Networks, Content & Technology (DG CONNECT)

Horizon 2020 ICT/FET National Contact Points Training

Brussels, 23-24 October 2013


Why open access (OA)?

  • Goal: to optimise the impact of publicly-fundedresearch and innovation

    • How? Open access to publications and research data resultingfrom EU-fundedresearch

  • Expected impacts of open access:

    • Better science (build on previousresults)

    • More efficient science (avoid duplication & promotere-use)

    • Economicgrowth (accelerated and open innovation)

    • Improvedtransparency (involvingcitizens & society)

      Scientific Information package (Communication & Recommendation to MS), July 2012


Dissemination and exploitation of research results in H2020

Gold OA

Publications

Green OA

Decision to disseminate / share

Dissemination plan

And/or

Resear ch

Depositing research data

Access and use free of charge

Research results

Restricted access and/or use

Data management plan

Decision to exploit / protect

Patenting (or other form of protection)


Open access to publications:from FP7 to Horizon 2020

  • Open access Pilot in FP7

    • 'Best effort' to provide OA

    • 7 areas

    • Peer-reviewed publications

    • Allowed embargos: 6/12 months

    • Green and Gold OA supported

  • Open access mandate in H2020

    • Obligationto provide OA to publications

    • All areas

    • Peer-reviewed publications

    • Allowed embargos: 6/12 months

    • Green and Gold OA supported

    • Beneficiaries must aim to deposit the research data needed to validate the results presented in publications ('underlying'/'linked' data)


Data management in Horizon 2020

  • Introduction of Data Management Plans (DMPs): proposals will contain a brief DMP:

    • What data will be collected / generated?

    • What data will be shared / made open?

    • How metadata will be generated?

    • How will data be curated and preserved?

    • Etc.


Open Research Data Pilot

  • Idea of a pilot on open research data announced in the Commission proposal for Horizon 2020

  • Principles in the Rules for Participation (July 2013):

    • Grant agreement may lay down the terms and conditions on open access to data, in particular in ERC, FET, and in other appropriate areas

  • Need to take into consideration legitimate interests of participants / constraints pertaining to data protection rules, security rules or intellectual property rights

  • Work in progress!


Open Research Data Pilot

  • Projectsparticipating in the Pilot make research data (and corresponding metadata) available on a voluntary basis, as specified in their data management plans

  • Projectsparticipating in the Pilot make the data (and corresponding metadata) needed to validate results in publications openly available(underlying / linked data)

  • Objective:raise awareness about the value of research data, observe in a large cross-section of the Programme


Open Research Data Pilot

  • Two-step requirement:

    1. depositin a data respository

    2. best-effort requirement to open up data

  • Strongopt-out clause: "opt-out of openness" if need:

    - for confidentiality for commercial reasons

    - to protect data for privacyreasons

    - to restrict data for securityreasons

  • Incentives:

    - costs related to pilot are eligible for reimbursement

    - dedicated support services through eInfrastructures WP

  • Scope :currently in preparation


Infrastructure support: OpenAIRE

  • Started as an infrastructure for the EC FP7 Open Access Pilot (covering 20% of FP7 funding)

    • Harvests information of the whole FP7 publication output and generates relevant statistics (currently: 41000+ publications; 16000+ OA publications)

    • Helpdesk & contact points in the EU Member States

    • Repository for 'homeless' publications (Orphan repository)

    • Is prepared to provide same support for H2020 including the Open Data Pilot (+ automatic data exchange with EC)

  • Expected to become legal entity

www.openaire.eu


In summary

  • Open access and Digital science: means improving efficiency, quality and impact of publicly-funded research for society and innovation in Europe.

  • Open access to publications: a general principle in H2020. Both Green and Gold open access models are promoted. Depositing underlying data is encouraged.

  • Open access to data : a pilot in H2020 will analyse experiences.

  • Open access policy is not a goal in itself, but an element in promoting digital science practices for future research, education and innovation


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