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The Principles of Government. The foundation of American government . THE PREAMBLE OF THE CONSTITUTION.

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the principles of government

The Principles of Government

The foundation of American government

slide2

THE PREAMBLE OF THE CONSTITUTION

We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for

f the United States of America.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=30OyU4O80i4

slide3

The United States Constitution

Article I – Establishes the legislative branch

Article II – Establishes the executive branch

Article III – Establishes the Judicial branch

Article IV – Establishes the balance between states and the federal government

Article V – Explains how to amend (change) the Constitution

Article VI - Establishes the Constitution as supreme law of the land

Article VII - Ratification requirements

slide4

The principles of the Constitution

Checks and balance system

Popular sovereignty

Separation of powers

Limited governemnt

Federalism

1 popular sovereignty

the principle that people have the ultimate authority & the power to govern

  • Based on Locke’s Social Contract
    • In exchange for order & protections, people give up some rights
    • “right to revolt”
1. POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY
slide6

So….popular sovereignty essentially means that

WE THE PEOPLE give our government its authority…

slide7

The United States government is a REPUBLICor a representative democracy.

Why would the Founding Fathers establish a republic?

What is the difference between direct and indirect democracy?

If we as citizens are unhappy with our government, how do we “revolt”? How does popular sovereignty work in a country our size?

2 limited government
2. LIMITED GOVERNMENT
  • No government is all powerful
  • Governments can only do what the people have given it the power to do.
  • Basic powers are split between 3 branches of government – no branch is all powerful
slide9

Government is also limited because power is DIVIDED between central (federal) and regional(state) governments.

http://www.engagewithease.com/unit-4---federalism.html

3 separation of powers
3. Separation of powers

The Father Fathers separated and divided the powers of the federal government between the three branches of government.

unicameral or bicameral legislature
Unicameral or Bicameral legislature?

Advantages of a bicameral legislature

Faster/efficient

More responsive to public opinion

Divided power = safer government

More deliberate in decision making

Represent differing interests in society

Advantages of a unicameral legislature

4 checks and balances
4. Checks and balances

Each branch of government has the ability to “check” the power of the other two.

Each branch has a little power over the others.

slide17

CHECKS AND BALANCE SYSTEM

Each branch has powers over the others.

http://www.posterenvy.com/servlet/the-1642/The-American-System-of/Detail

5 rule of law
5. RULE OF LAW
  • The power of government is limited because it TOO has to obey the law.
  • Government must be conducted according to the Constitution
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