The Principles of Government. The foundation of American government . THE PREAMBLE OF THE CONSTITUTION.
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The foundation of American government
We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for
f the United States of America.
Article I – Establishes the legislative branch
Article II – Establishes the executive branch
Article III – Establishes the Judicial branch
Article IV – Establishes the balance between states and the federal government
Article V – Explains how to amend (change) the Constitution
Article VI - Establishes the Constitution as supreme law of the land
Article VII - Ratification requirements
Checks and balance system
Separation of powers
the principle that people have the ultimate authority & the power to govern
WE THE PEOPLE give our government its authority…
The United States government is a REPUBLICor a representative democracy.
Why would the Founding Fathers establish a republic?
What is the difference between direct and indirect democracy?
If we as citizens are unhappy with our government, how do we “revolt”? How does popular sovereignty work in a country our size?
Government is also limited because power is DIVIDED between central (federal) and regional(state) governments.
The Father Fathers separated and divided the powers of the federal government between the three branches of government.
Advantages of a bicameral legislature
More responsive to public opinion
Divided power = safer government
More deliberate in decision making
Represent differing interests in society
Advantages of a unicameral legislature
Each branch of government has the ability to “check” the power of the other two.
Each branch has a little power over the others.
Each branch has powers over the others.
Name three ways the powers of the federal or central government are limited.