Chapter 6 the first global civilization the rise and spread of islam
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Chapter 6 The First Global Civilization: The Rise and Spread of Islam . 7 th century CE Arab followers of Muhammad surge from the Arabian Peninsula They quickly became an empire incorporating elements of classical civilizations of Greece, Egypt and Persia

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Chapter 6 The First Global Civilization: The Rise and Spread of Islam

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Chapter 6 the first global civilization the rise and spread of islam

Chapter 6The First Global Civilization: The Rise and Spread of Islam

7th century CE Arab followers of Muhammad surge from the Arabian Peninsula

They quickly became an empire incorporating elements of classical civilizations of Greece, Egypt and Persia

Islamic merchants, mystics and warriors continued it expansion into Europe, Asia and Africa

Although united in the belief of Muhammad’s message, the Islamic world was divided culturally and politically

The disputes did not undermine the strength of the Muslim civilization until the 14th century


Clan identity clan rivalries and the cycle of vengeance

Clan Identity, Clan Rivalries and the Cycle of Vengeance

Mobile kin-related clans were the basic social organization

Only united into larger tribal units in times of crisis

Survival depended on clan loyalty

Leaders or shaykhs were elected by council

Free warriors enforced their decisions

Slave families served the leaders or the clan as a whole

Clan cohesion was reinforced by interclan rivalry and conflict over water and pasturage

The strife weakened Bedouin society against it rivals


Desert and town the pre islamic arabian world

Desert and Town: The pre-Islamic Arabian World

Arabian Peninsula inhabited by Bedouin societies

Some desert dwellers herded camels and goats

Others practiced agriculture in oasis towns

Important agricultural and commercial centers flourished in southern coastal regions

The towns were extensions of Bedouin society, sharing its culture and ruled by its clans


Town and long distance trade

Town and long-distance trade

Cities linked the Mediterranean to east Asia

Mecca was the most important city (western Arabia) founded by the Umayyad

Mecca was the site of the Ka’ba (religious shrine)

Medina was a second important town that was a agricultural oasis and commercial center


Marriage and the family in pre islamic arabia

Marriage and the family in pre-Islamic Arabia

Women had key economic roles in clan life

Descent was traced through female line

Men paid a bride-price to the wife’s family

Women did not wear veils and were not secluded

Both sexes had multiple marriage partners

Still, men, who carried the honored warrior tradition, remained superior

Traditional practices of property control, inheritance and divorce favored men


Poets and neglected gods

Poets and neglected Gods

Arab material culture was not highly developed

Main focus of creativity was in orally transmitted poetry

Bedouin religion was a blend of animism and polytheism

Some tribes recognized Allah but paid him little attention

Instead of Allah they paid attention to spirits associated with nature


The life of muhammad and the genesis of islam

The life of Muhammad and the Genesis of Islam

Member of the Banu Hasim clan of the Quraysh, born in 570 CE

He lived in Mecca and married a wealthy widow Khadijah

Not happy with life focused on material gain

In 610 CE he meditates and receives revelations from God through the angel Gabriel

These revelations were later written down in the Qur’an which form the basis of Islam


Persecution flight and victory

Persecution , Flight and Victory

As Islam grows it is seen as a threat by Mecca's rulers

The new faith endangered the gods of the Ka’ba

With his life in danger Muhammad is invited to come to Medina to mediate its clans quarrels

622c CE Muhammad goes to Medina his skilled leadership brought new followers

The Quraysh attack Medina but Muhammad’s force win

A treaty in 628 allowed Muslims to visit the Ka’ba

Muhammad returned to Mecca in 629 and converts most of its inhabitants


Arab and islam

Arab and Islam

Islam offered opportunities for uniting Arabs

Islam provided a distinct indigineous monotheism

Islam supplanted clan divisions and ended feuding

The Umma (the community of the fatihful, transcened old tribal boundries)

Islam offered offered an ethical system capable of healing social rifts within arab society

All believers


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