2600 BC – 1075 BC
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2600 BC – 1075 BC. The Kingdoms of Ancient Egypt. NEW 1700 BC – 1075 BC. MIDDLE 2100 BC – 1700 BC. OLD 2600 BC – 2100 BC. Old Kingdom Egypt The Pyramid Age 2600 BC – 2150 BC. Era of Relative Peace and Stability Major construction projects. 2600 BC 1 st Pyramid Building

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The Kingdoms of Ancient Egypt

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The kingdoms of ancient egypt

2600 BC – 1075 BC

The Kingdoms of Ancient Egypt

NEW

1700 BC – 1075 BC

MIDDLE

2100 BC – 1700 BC

OLD

2600 BC – 2100 BC


The kingdoms of ancient egypt

Old Kingdom EgyptThe Pyramid Age2600 BC – 2150 BC

Era of Relative Peace and Stability

Major construction projects

  • 2600 BC

    • 1st Pyramid Building

    • Tombs of Pharaohs

  • 2500 BC

    • Great Pyramids & Sphinx constructed at Giza (Sphinx – guardian of Khafre’s tomb)

    • Hieroglyphics standardized


Achievements

Achievements

Old Kingdom

- Hieroglyphics-the Egyptian writing system-one of the world’s first writing systems

-papyrus-long-lasting, paper-like material made from reeds

- Increase in trade routes –gold,copper,ivory, slaves, & stone–wood

- Polytheism,the afterlife, pyramids,mummies

- Social class system


The kingdoms of ancient egypt

Middle Kingdom EgyptWorld Trading Power2100 BC – 1700 BC

  • 2000 BC - Pharaohs from Thebes gain control of the kingdom

    • Egypt becomes an international power by expandingtrade routes

    • Foreigners called Hyksos from eastern Mediterranean settle in Egypt during good times

  • 1500 BC - Hyksos eventually gain control of Lower Egypt

    • Native Egyptians still control Upper Egypt from Thebes


The kingdoms of ancient egypt

New Kingdom EgyptThe Age of Empire1550 BC – 1075 BC

  • 1550 BCRulersfrom Thebes reassert control-drive out Hyksos

    • Expand borders of Egypt

    • Force tribute from Babylon, Assyria and other neighbors

  • 1320 Ramses II (The Great)

    • Strong, warrior Pharaoh

    • Signed treaty w/ Hittites

Decline

- Soon after Ramses died

- Assyrians attacked destroyed the great kingdom


Achievements1

Achievements

New Kingdom

- Rosetta Stone-a huge, stone slab inscribed with hieroglyphics, Greek, & a later form of Egyptian

- The Sphinx, art and jewelry

- expansion of the empire

- continuation of the social class system


The kingdoms of ancient egypt

Religion

  • Polytheistic

  • Pharaoh was divine

  • Egyptians belief in an afterlife led to mummification

  • Pyramids represent importance of afterlife in Egyptian thought


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