The regulatory requirement for law firms to maintain financial stability
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The regulatory requirement for law firms to maintain financial stability . Peter Scott Consulting www.peterscottconsult.co.uk. profession . business. In reality has sound financial management ever not been mandatory?. Solicitors are in business as well as being members of a profession

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The regulatory requirement for law firms to maintain financial stability

The regulatory requirement for law firms to maintain financial stability

Peter Scott Consulting

www.peterscottconsult.co.uk


In reality has sound financial management ever not been mandatory

profession financial stability

business

In reality has sound financial management ever not been mandatory?

  • Solicitors are in business as well as being members of a profession

  • Businesses should always be prudently financially managed

  • But for some, being just lawyers has taken priority over being business people


Flabby law firms are failing
Flabby law firms are financial stability failing ……

To drive cash flow

To drive up revenue

Instructions

Work

W.I.P

billing

  • To drive down costs

Cash

payment

Debtors

PETER SCOTT CONSULTING


The scope of our session today
The scope of our session today financial stability

  • Understanding what law firms are required to achieve under outcomes focussed regulation in relation to financial stability

  • Identifying and dealing with law firms’ financial stability challenges

PETER SCOTT CONSULTING


Putting the requirement for financial stability into context
Putting the requirement for “financial stability” into context

Extracts from a speech of 18 April 2013 by Samantha Barrass , Executive director SRA

  • “We expect firms to report financial concerns to us as soon as they become apparent, and to engage and cooperate with us fully.”

  • “We will not tolerate the reckless trading of firms into insolvency and where this happens we will pursue enforcement action under Principle 8, including referral to the Solicitors Disciplinary Tribunal where appropriate.”

PETER SCOTT CONSULTING


What are the financial stability requirements of the sra handbook
What are the contextfinancial stability requirements of the SRA Handbook

SRA Principle 8 requires you to

‘run your business or carry out your role in the business effectively and in accordance with proper governance and sound financial and risk management principles’

Are you?

PETER SCOTT CONSULTING


Chapter 7 of the sra code of conduct requires that
Chapter 7 of the SRA Code of Conduct requires that…. context

Outcome (7.2) you have effective systems and controls in place to achieve and comply with all the Principles, rules and outcomes and other requirements of the Handbook

Outcome (7.4) you maintain systems and controls for monitoring the financial stability of your firm … and take steps to address issues identified”

Do you have effective systems and controls in place for monitoring your financial stability?


Acting in the following ways contextmay tend to show that you have achieved the financial stability outcomes in chapter 7

Indicative behaviour (7.2) – controlling budgets, expenditure and cash flow

Indicative behaviour (7.3) – identifying and monitoring financial risks including ….. credit risks and exposure

How are you doing this?

PETER SCOTT CONSULTING


Financial monitoring and reporting
Financial monitoring and reporting context

Chapter 10 – Code of Conduct

Outcome (10.3) you notify the SRA promptly of any material changes to relevant information about you including serious financial difficulty ….

Indicative behaviour (10.3) – notifying the SRA promptly of any indicators of serious financial difficulty, such as inability to pay your professional indemnity insurance premium, or rent or salaries, or breach of bank covenants

PETER SCOTT CONSULTING


Further notification requirements under chapter 10
Further notification requirements under chapter 10 context

Acting in the following ways may tend to show you have achieved these outcomes …

Indicative behaviour (10.4) – notifying the SRA promptly when you become aware that your business may not be financially viable to continue trading as a going concern, for example because of difficult trading conditions, poor cash flow, increasing overheads, loss of managers or employees and / or loss of sources of revenue.

Notify or take advice first?


If a firm has financial issues notify or seek advice first
If a firm has financial issues - notify or seek advice first?

‘….your first port of call may be your assigned member of our Supervision team. They will talk through your problems from a regulatory perspective and consider what can be done .Bear in mind that the SRA’s concern is to protect clients and the wider public interest and we cannot provide legal or financial advice’

– ‘Financial stability’ note on SRA website

Should a firm’s first port of call be to the SRA or to an accountant who may be able to turn matters around?


An extract from a going concern statement in the accounts of a law firm llp
An extract from a ‘going concern’ statement in the accounts of a law firm LLP

After making enquiries, the management team has a reasonable expectation that the LLP has adequate resources to continue in operational existence for a period of no less than 12 months from the date of signing the financial statements. Accordingly, we continue to adopt the going concern basis in preparing the annual report and financial statements”

PETER SCOTT CONSULTING


Going concern
‘Going concern’? accounts of a law firm LLP

  • Did the SRA intend to use ‘going concern’ in its technical accounting and audit sense, as defined by company law, and if so, what could be the implications of that for law firms?

  • If not intended to be used in its technical sense, then what does it mean?

PETER SCOTT CONSULTING


If you take advice then establish an audit trail
If you take advice then establish an ‘audit trail’ accounts of a law firm LLP

“If you cannot demonstrate compliance we may take regulatory action”

Take appropriate advice, act on it and document it

PETER SCOTT CONSULTING


Sra update 23 april 2013
SRA Update – 23 April 2013 accounts of a law firm LLP

“We have used our experience with firms that have suffered severe financial difficulties to draw up a list of good behaviours to aim for and poor behaviours to avoid. These lists are not exhaustive”

PETER SCOTT CONSULTING


Poor behaviours
Poor behaviours accounts of a law firm LLP

  • Drawings exceeding net profits

  • High borrowing to net asset ratios

  • Increasing firm indebtedness by maintaining drawing levels

  • Firms controlled by an "inner circle" of senior management

  • Key financial information not shared with "rank and file" partners

  • Payments made to partners irrespective of "cash at the bank"

PETER SCOTT CONSULTING


Poor behaviours continued
Poor accounts of a law firm LLPbehaviours continued

  • All net profits drawn, no "reserve capital pot" retained

  • Short-term borrowings to fund partners' tax bills

  • VAT receipts used as "cash received" resulting in further borrowings to fund VAT due to HMRC

  • Partners out of touch with office account bank balances

  • Heavy dependence on high overdraft borrowings

PETER SCOTT CONSULTING


Good behaviours
Good behaviours accounts of a law firm LLP

  • All partners regularly receive full financial information including office account bank balances

  • Drawings are linked to cash collection targets and do not exceed net profits

  • Provision is made to fund partners' tax from income received

  • A capital element is retained from profit, and a capital reserve account built up

  • Premises costs are contained

  • Profitability levels are tested and unprofitable work is (properly) dropped

PETER SCOTT CONSULTING


Those ‘poor’ and ‘good’ behaviours do not however focus on the reasons law firms fail to generate healthy cash flow

Instructions

W.I.P

Work

billing

Cash

Debtors

payment

PETER SCOTT CONSULTING


What should law firms be prioritising to make their financial management compliant?

PETER SCOTT CONSULTING


1 first and foremost ensure your partners understand and observe accountability
1. First and foremost – ensure your partners understand and observe Accountability

“We have no room for those who put their own personal agenda ahead of the interests of the clients or the office”

David Maister’s “Predictive package”

PETER SCOTT CONSULTING


Heavyweight gorilla
“Heavyweight gorilla” and observe

“You can’t manage me.I’m a big biller!”

PETER SCOTT CONSULTING


Do own thing
“Do own thing” and observe

“That’s a great idea…

…for the rest of you”

PETER SCOTT CONSULTING


2 ensure you have the best possible financial expertise available
2. Ensure you have the best possible financial expertise available

  • Your FD?

  • Does your managing partner ‘do finance’?

  • Your COLP and COFA?

  • Your credit control function?

  • Use of external advice when appropriate?

PETER SCOTT CONSULTING


3 put in place financial education and training
3.Put in place financial education and training available

“I don’t have a clue about the financial reports I receive”

Would a financial education programme for your partners and fee earners help them to achieve desired outcomes?NB – training is a good way to demonstrate compliance

PETER SCOTT CONSULTING


4 take control of your cash management
4. availableTake control of your cash management

Instructions

W.I.P

Work

billing

Cash

Debtors

payment

PETER SCOTT CONSULTING


How are you going to maintain your financial stability any questions
How are you going to maintain your financial stability ? availableAny questions?

PETER SCOTT CONSULTING


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