Online voting a legal perspective
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Online voting: a legal perspective. [email protected] www.law.kuleuven.ac.be/icri. CyberVote. Http://www.eucybervote.org Part of the IST 1999 programme under the 5 th Framework 1/9/2000 – 31/3/2003

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Online voting a legal perspective

Online voting: a legal perspective

[email protected]

www.law.kuleuven.ac.be/icri


Cybervote

CyberVote

  • Http://www.eucybervote.org

  • Part of the IST 1999 programme under the 5th Framework

  • 1/9/2000 – 31/3/2003

  • Partners: EADS (FR) – BT (UK) – NOKIA (FI) – K.U. Leuven (BE) – Technical University of Eindhoven (NL) – Freie Hansestadt Bremen (DE) – Mairie d’Issey-les-Moulineaux (FR) – Kista Stadsdelsnämnd (SE)


Objectives of cybervote

Objectives of Cybervote

  • Demonstrating a secure cyber-voting prototype using mobile and fixed Internet technologies

  • Defining and implementing a prototype embedding an innovative voting protocol to ensure integrity, privacy and authentication of the voters.

  • The prototype was demonstrated and evaluated on 3 trial applications (Bremen – Kista – Issey-les-Moulineaux)


Desirability of internet voting

Desirability of Internet voting

  • Transparency

  • Participation

  • Capturing people’s interest

  • Alternative for people residing abroad and ill or disabled persons

  • Tabulation time and accuracy

  • Cost-effective equipment

  • Reduced costs of elections

  • Faster than hand-counting

  • Not subject to human error


Voting systems

Voting systems

  • Paper based elections

  • Automated elections (using any kind of voting machines)

    • Electronic voting (using the computer)

      • Off-line (stand-alone computer)

      • Online (connected in a closed or open network)

        • Internet voting (Internet functions as network)

          • Polling place Internet voting

          • Remote Internet voting


Basic principles

Basic principles

  • Equal, non-discriminatory access

  • Democratic elections

    • Freedom to vote, without undue influence or coercion – secrecy of the vote

    • One person, one vote

    • Integrity, reliability and security of the ballot box

    • Verifiability and audit ability of the voting process

    • Voter’s confidence in the voting system


1 non discrimination and equality

1. Non-discrimination and equality

  • Equal situations should be treated equally and unequal situations unequally

  • Exceptions allowed if distinction is objective and reasonable

  • Equal accessibility to the voting process

    • Poll sites

    • Remote online voting

    • Co-existence


2 a freedom to vote secrecy of the vote

2. a. Freedom to vote / Secrecy of the vote

  • Anonymity and secrecy should be observed during the whole election process

  • Can ideal material circumstances be obtained when voting from home or workplace or from a mobile phone?

  • Abusive practices:

    • Buying and selling of votes

    • Family voting


2 b one person one vote

2.b. One person, one vote

  • Authentication

    • Only legitimate voters can vote

    • Each voter can vote only once

  • Security and reliability

    • Every cast vote may to be counted only once

    • A cast vote may not be able to be altered in the course of the voting process


2 c reliability and security

2.c. Reliability and security

  • Reliability is a matter of technical architecture

    • Gain people’s trust

    • Simple to use

  • Security

    • Voter authentication

    • Vote integrity

    • Vote privacy

    • Vote reliability

    • Non-duplication

    • Defence against denial of service attacks

    • Defence against malicious code attacks


2 d verifiability and audit ability

2.d. Verifiability and audit ability

  • Ability to control polling and tabulation

  • Allow for a recount when necessary

  • Audit trail enhances integrity and trustworthiness

    2.e. Voter’s confidence

  • Open source?


Discussion

Discussion


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