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Online voting: a legal perspective. [email protected] www.law.kuleuven.ac.be/icri. CyberVote. Http://www.eucybervote.org Part of the IST 1999 programme under the 5 th Framework 1/9/2000 – 31/3/2003

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Presentation Transcript
cybervote
CyberVote
  • Http://www.eucybervote.org
  • Part of the IST 1999 programme under the 5th Framework
  • 1/9/2000 – 31/3/2003
  • Partners: EADS (FR) – BT (UK) – NOKIA (FI) – K.U. Leuven (BE) – Technical University of Eindhoven (NL) – Freie Hansestadt Bremen (DE) – Mairie d’Issey-les-Moulineaux (FR) – Kista Stadsdelsnämnd (SE)
objectives of cybervote
Objectives of Cybervote
  • Demonstrating a secure cyber-voting prototype using mobile and fixed Internet technologies
  • Defining and implementing a prototype embedding an innovative voting protocol to ensure integrity, privacy and authentication of the voters.
  • The prototype was demonstrated and evaluated on 3 trial applications (Bremen – Kista – Issey-les-Moulineaux)
desirability of internet voting
Desirability of Internet voting
  • Transparency
  • Participation
  • Capturing people’s interest
  • Alternative for people residing abroad and ill or disabled persons
  • Tabulation time and accuracy
  • Cost-effective equipment
  • Reduced costs of elections
  • Faster than hand-counting
  • Not subject to human error
voting systems
Voting systems
  • Paper based elections
  • Automated elections (using any kind of voting machines)
    • Electronic voting (using the computer)
      • Off-line (stand-alone computer)
      • Online (connected in a closed or open network)
        • Internet voting (Internet functions as network)
          • Polling place Internet voting
          • Remote Internet voting
basic principles
Basic principles
  • Equal, non-discriminatory access
  • Democratic elections
    • Freedom to vote, without undue influence or coercion – secrecy of the vote
    • One person, one vote
    • Integrity, reliability and security of the ballot box
    • Verifiability and audit ability of the voting process
    • Voter’s confidence in the voting system
1 non discrimination and equality
1. Non-discrimination and equality
  • Equal situations should be treated equally and unequal situations unequally
  • Exceptions allowed if distinction is objective and reasonable
  • Equal accessibility to the voting process
    • Poll sites
    • Remote online voting
    • Co-existence
2 a freedom to vote secrecy of the vote
2. a. Freedom to vote / Secrecy of the vote
  • Anonymity and secrecy should be observed during the whole election process
  • Can ideal material circumstances be obtained when voting from home or workplace or from a mobile phone?
  • Abusive practices:
    • Buying and selling of votes
    • Family voting
2 b one person one vote
2.b. One person, one vote
  • Authentication
    • Only legitimate voters can vote
    • Each voter can vote only once
  • Security and reliability
    • Every cast vote may to be counted only once
    • A cast vote may not be able to be altered in the course of the voting process
2 c reliability and security
2.c. Reliability and security
  • Reliability is a matter of technical architecture
    • Gain people’s trust
    • Simple to use
  • Security
    • Voter authentication
    • Vote integrity
    • Vote privacy
    • Vote reliability
    • Non-duplication
    • Defence against denial of service attacks
    • Defence against malicious code attacks
2 d verifiability and audit ability
2.d. Verifiability and audit ability
  • Ability to control polling and tabulation
  • Allow for a recount when necessary
  • Audit trail enhances integrity and trustworthiness

2.e. Voter’s confidence

  • Open source?
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