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Hernando Cortes; The Life Of A . Spanish Conquistador. By John Petrolias US History, 8. Basic Information. Born 1485-Medellin, Spain Castilian Conquistador-Brought large portions of Mexico under the King of Castile in early 16 th century. Arrival In The New World.

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By john petrolias us history 8

Hernando Cortes; The Life Of A

Spanish Conquistador

By John Petrolias

US History, 8

Basic information

Basic Information

  • Born 1485-Medellin, Spain

  • Castilian Conquistador-Brought large portions of Mexico under the King of Castile in early 16th century.

Arrival in the new world

Arrival In The New World

  • Reached the new world-1504.

  • Arrived in Hispanola. (Present day Dominican Republic)

  • Stayed for 7 years.

  • 19 years old upon arrival.

Off to cuba

Off To Cuba

  • Cortes took part in the Spanish conquest of Cuba in 1511.

  • Cubans accepted him and Cortes was appointed mayor of Santiago de Cuba.

  • Stayed in Cuba until 1518.

  • Had desires to go to Mexico.

Viva mexico

Viva Mexico

  • Mexico was under the control of the Aztec Empire- Montezuma II.

  • Cortes arrived in Mexico w/ 600 men and a few horses.

  • Cortes soon learned about the Aztecs; began searching for Aztec capital-Tenochtitlán.

  • Along the way, Cortes met Tlaxcalan Indian tribe; enemies of the Aztecs.

  • Cortes befriended them; made them allies to help search for the Aztecs and conquer them.

Hello montezuma

Hello, Montezuma

  • In November 1519 Cortes reached Tenochtitlán; met Montezuma.

  • The Aztecs thought of Cortes as a god-king; tried to befriend him.

  • However, Cortes thought that the Aztecs were going to harm/betray him and his soldiers.

  • They took Montezuma hostage and demanded gold and huge ransom.



  • The Aztecs drove Cortes and his soldiers out of the Aztec capital in June, 1520

  • However, Cortes regrouped and returned in summer 1521 to capture Tenochtitlán.

Sweet victory yeah

Sweet Victory, Yeah!

  • Cortes began to build Mexico City on the Aztec ruins, and attracted many Europeans.

  • Mexico City soon became the most important city in Central America.

  • Cortes grew very popular back in Spain, so he was appointed to governor and captain general of New Spain in 1523.

Next stop honduras

Next Stop: Honduras

  • In 1524, Cortes led a troop to claim land into present-day Honduras and stayed there for about two years.

  • By 1528, however, the Spanish Government worried that Cortes was becoming out of control in the Americas.

Return home

Return Home

  • In 1530, Cortes persuaded the king to send him back to Mexico.

  • The king agreed, but Cortes was sent back with less freedom and less power than he had during his first expedition.

Hola baja

Hola, Baja!

  • In 1536 Cortes explored northwest Mexico and soon discovered the Baja Peninsula.

  • Cortes devoted time to exploring the Pacific Coast of Mexico.

There s no place like spain

There’s No Place Like Spain

  • Cortes returned to Spain in 1539, satisfied with what he had discovered/explored.

  • Cortes died near Seville in 1547.



  • Discovery of Hispanola

  • Discovery of Cuba

  • Wiping out the Aztec Empire

  • Building Mexico City

  • Discovery of the Baja Peninsula

  • Exploring Pacific coast of Mexico.

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