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The 1850s:. Road to Secession. Problems of Sectional Balance in 1850. California statehood. Southern “fire-eaters” threatening secession. Underground RR & fugitive slave issues: Personal liberty laws Prigg v. Pennsylvania (1842). Compromise of 1850. Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811 – 1896).

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

The 1850s:

Road

to

Secession

slide2

Problems of Sectional Balancein 1850

  • California statehood.
  • Southern “fire-eaters” threateningsecession.
  • Underground RR & fugitive slave issues:
    • Personal liberty laws
    • Prigg v. Pennsylvania (1842)
slide4

HarrietBeecherStowe(1811 – 1896)

So this is the lady who started the Civil War. -- Abraham Lincoln

slide5

Uncle Tom’s Cabin

1852

  • Sold 300,000 copies inthe first year.
  • 2 million in a decade!
slide7

The “Know-Nothings” [The American Party]

  • Nativists.
  • Anti-Catholics.
  • Anti-immigrants.

1849  Secret Order of the Star-Spangled Banner created in NYC.

1852 presidential election
1852 Presidential Election

√Franklin Pierce Gen. Winfield Scott John Parker Hale Democrat Whig Free Soil

slide11

“Bleeding Kansas”

Border “Ruffians”(pro-slavery Missourians)

slide12

“The Crime Against Kansas”

Sen. Charles Sumner(R-MA)

Congr. Preston Brooks(D-SC)

slide13

John Brown: Madman, Hero or Martyr?

Mural in the Kansas Capitol buildingby John Steuart Curry (20c)

slide14

Birth of the Republican Party, 1854

  • Northern Whigs.
  • Northern Democrats.
  • Free-Soilers.
  • Know-Nothings.
  • Other miscellaneous opponents of the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
1856 presidential election
1856 Presidential Election

√James Buchanan John C. Frémont Millard Fillmore Democrat Republican Whig

slide18

The Lincoln-Douglas (Illinois Senate) Debates, 1858

A House divided against itself, cannot stand.

slide19

Stephen Douglas & the Freeport Doctrine

PopularSovereignty?

1860 presidential election
1860PresidentialElection

√Abraham LincolnRepublican

John BellConstitutional Union

Stephen A. DouglasNorthern Democrat

John C. BreckinridgeSouthern Democrat

slide22

Republican Party Platform in 1860

  • Non-extension of slavery [for the Free-Soilers.
  • Protective tariff [for the No. Industrialists].
  • No abridgment of rights for immigrants [a disappointment for the “Know-Nothings”].
  • Government aid to build a Pacific RR [for the Northwest].
  • Internal improvements [for the West] at federal expense.
  • Free homesteads for the public domain [for farmers].
slide23

1860

Election

Results

slide24

Crittenden Compromise:A Last Ditch Appeal to Sanity

Senator John J. Crittenden(Know-Nothing-KY)

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