English 306
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English 306. English III Lecture (01) Passive Voice By Munira M. Ismail. Passive Voice. Objectives: By the end of this lecture Students should be able to make “Active & Passive Voice sentences” in: The Present / Past / Future Tenses. The Negative / Questions. Passive Voice.

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English 306

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English 306

English 306

English III Lecture (01)

Passive Voice

By Munira M. Ismail


Passive voice

Passive Voice

  • Objectives:

  • By the end of this lecture Students should be able to make “Active & Passive Voice sentences” in:

  • The Present / Past / Future Tenses.

  • The Negative / Questions.


Passive voice1

Passive Voice

  • A sentence in English has:

  • Tim Burner's Leeinventedthe World

    Wide Web.

  • This is an Active Voice.

Subject + verb + Object.

Subject

Object

Verb


Passive voice2

Passive Voice

  • We can make a Passive Voice:

  • Tim Burner's Leeinvented the World Wide Web.

by Tim Burners Lee.

was invented

The World Wide Web

subject

object

verb

agent

object

verb


Passive voice3

Passive Voice

  • Some sentences have Two Objects:

  • Direct Object & Indirect Object.

  • The teachergavethe student a book.

Subject

Verb

Ind.Object

Dir.Object


Passive voice4

Passive Voice

  • We can make Two Passive Sentences:

  • A bookwas givento the studentby the

    teacher.

  • The studentwas givena bookby the teacher.

Dir.Object

Ind.Object

Agent

Verb

Verb

Ind.Object

Dir.Object

Agent


Passive voice5

Passive Voice

  • The Passive Voice:

  • We use Passive Voice when the Object is Important, we put the Object at the beginning of the sentence, then the Verb after some changes, we can put the subject as an agent at the end of the sentence after by.

Object + verb + by (agent).


Passive voice6

Passive Voice

  • The nursecheckedthe patient’s blood pressure.

  • The patient’s blood pressurewas checkedby the nurse.

Subject

Object

Verb

Verb

Object

agent


Passive voice7

Passive Voice

  • Cigarettescausecancer.

  • Canceris causedbyCigarettes.

Object

Verb

Subject

Verb

Object

agent


Passive voice8

Passive Voice

  • The verb is changed when it’s put in the Passive according to the Tense of Verb.

  • (1) the Passive in the Simple Present:

  • Ahmedwins the first prize.

  • The first prize is won by Ahmed.

am / is / are + Past Participle (P. P.)


Passive voice9

Passive Voice

  • They drink a lot of coffee.

  • A lot of coffee is drunk by them.

  • Ex 1: change these active sentences into the passive:

  • 1. I buya newspaper every morning.

  • A newspaper is bought every morning by me.


Passive voice10

Passive Voice

  • 2. Beesproduce honey.

  • Honey is produced by bees.

  • 3. Sallywatersthe flowers every day.

  • The flowers are watered every day by Sally.


Passive voice11

Passive Voice

  • (2) Passive Voice in Simple Past:

  • Aishamade a big cake.

  • A big cake was made by Aisha.

  • Mohammadfilledthe car with petrol.

  • The car was filled with petrol.

was / were + Past Participle (P. P.)


Passive voice12

Passive Voice

  • Dr. Ahmad examinedthe patient.

  • The patient was examined by Dr. Ahmad.

  • FlemingdiscoveredPenicillinin 1950.

  • Penicillinwas discoveredby Fleming in 1950.

  • The surgeonsare operating onan old woman right now.

  • An old womanis being operated onright now.


Passive voice13

Passive Voice

  • Ex2: Change into Passive Voice:

  • 1. Father sentus a postcard from Paris.

  • A postcard was sent to us from Paris by father.

  • 2. Ali caughtthe first bus this morning.

  • The first bus was caught this morning by Ali.


Passive voice14

Passive Voice

  • (3) Passive Voice in the Present Continuous:

  • Theyare takingthe injured peopleto the hospital.

  • The injured peopleare being takento the hospital.

  • The studentsare attendingthe lecture.

  • The lectureis being attended.by the students

am / is / are + being + (P. P.)


Passive voice15

Passive Voice

  • Ex 3: Put these sentences in the Passive:

  • 1. The girls are learning English .

  • Englishis being learned by the girls.

  • 2. I'm doing exercises.

  • Exercisesare being done .


Passive voice16

Passive Voice

  • (4) Passive Voice in Past Continuous:

  • The children were playing football.

  • Football was being played.

  • Aminawas using the computer.

  • The computer was being used byAmina.

was / were + being + (P. P.)


Passive voice17

Passive Voice

  • Ex 4: Put the sentences in the Passive:

  • 1. Aisha was writing a report.

  • A report was being written by Aisha.

  • 2. The children were eating chocolate.

  • Chocolate was being eaten by the children.


Passive voice18

Passive Voice

  • (5) Passive Voice in Present Perfect:

  • The doctorhas givena new treatmentto the patient.

  • A new treatment has been given to the patient by the doctor.

have / has + been + P. P.


Passive voice19

Passive Voice

  • The engineer has designed a beautiful new house.

  • A beautiful new house has been designed by the engineer.

  • Mother has cleaned the house.

  • The house has been cleaned by mother.


Passive voice20

Passive Voice

  • (6) Passive Voice in Past Perfect:

  • 1. The police had reopened the Motorway after the car accident.

  • The Motorway had been reopened after the car accident by the police.

  • 2. They had built a new hospital.

  • A new hospital had been built.

had + been + P. P.


Passive voice21

Passive Voice

  • 3. She had borrowed a new book.

  • A new book had been borrowed by her.

  • (7) Passive Voice with will / can / must:

  • 1.They will paint the old house.

  • The old house will be painted.

will / can / must + be + p.p.


Passive voice22

Passive Voice

  • 2. You must give up smoking.

  • Smokingmust be given up.

  • 3. The nurse will help the patient to walk.

  • The patient will be helped to walk by the nurse.

  • 4. Ican help you with your homework.

  • Youcan be helped with your homework by me.


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