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Zacchæus. Woman Taken in Adultery. Centurion’s Servant. Fourth Passover , Thu, Apr 4; Jesus 33/34. Ministry begins; Jesus about 30. Tabernacles. Second Passover; Jesus 31/32. Third Passover; Jesus 32/33. First Passover; Jesus 30/31. Sermon on Mount. January 1, AD30. January 1, AD27.

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a time line for jesus ministry

Woman Takenin Adultery

Centurion’s

Servant

Fourth Passover, Thu, Apr 4; Jesus 33/34

Ministry begins; Jesus about 30

Tabernacles

Second Passover; Jesus 31/32

Third Passover; Jesus 32/33

First Passover; Jesus 30/31

Sermon on Mount

January 1, AD30

January 1, AD27

January 1, AD28

January 1, AD29

Transfiguration

Jesus begins to tell the disciples of his death - Matt 16:21; 17:1

EpilepticChild

The Manwith Dropsy

Cripple By Pool

Zacchaeus

A Time-Line for Jesus’ Ministry
toward jerusalem
Toward Jerusalem
  • Luke 9:51 – About 7 months before Jesus’ death; soon after the transfiguration.
  • Luke 10:1 – 70 disciples: urgency! Cp Luke 9:1, 2.
  • Luke 13:22 – “toward Jerusalem”.
  • Luke 17:11 – 10 lepers healed.
    • Note Jesus’ concern for others.
    • He had burdens of his own!
  • Luke 18:35 ff; 19:1 – HealedBartimæus at Jericho.
  • Luke 19:1-10 – Zacchæus!
jericho
Jericho
  • It’s near the Dead Sea, 250 metres (820 feet) below sea level.
    • Jerusalem is nearby, 730 metres (2400 feet) above sea level.
  • In Joshua 6, Jericho was used as a figure for the sin that will be wiped out in the kingdom.
  • Joshua cursed the city (Josh 6:26).
  • In the days of Ahab, Hiel of Bethel rebuilt the city - to his cost (1 Kings 16:34).
the tax system
The Tax System
  • The right to gather tax was let by auctionand was then sublet to lesser farmers.
  • Tax agents were necessarily wealthy– they had to guarantee their returns.
  • Collectors were allowed to take apercentage above the assessment.
  • Excesses were common and there wereno proper means of regulating the fractional surtax.
  • The common people had no redress:
    • The force of Rome was behind the tax agents.
    • Some Roman authorities connived at theoppression because they benefited from it.
the jews hated tax gatherers
The Jews Hated Tax Gatherers
  • Because of the oppression.
    • John the Baptist said, “exact nomore than that which is appointedyou” (Luke 3:13).
  • Because of principle – Jews were God’s people; thus “free”:
    • “We be Abraham’s seed and were never in bondage to any man: how sayest thou, Ye shall be made free?” – John 8:33.
    • Some argued it was unlawful to pay Roman tax – Matthew 22:17.
  • Gentile associations made them socially unacceptable:
    • “It is an unlawful thing for a man that is a Jew to keep company or come unto one of another nation” – Acts 10:28.
      • By this rule, tax gatherers were sinners because they broke this law.
    • Even Jesus used them as a symbol of the rejected – “Let him be to you as a Gentile and a tax collector” – Matthew 18:17.
zacch us meets the lord
Zacchæus Meets the Lord
  • “He ran before” (Luke 19:4).
    • He had foresight (Compare Abraham – Gen 18:19).
    • He had faith in Jesus’ consistency.
  • Zacchæus threw his pride to the winds:
    • He was a top public servant.
    • He gathered up his skirts and ran.
    • Climbed a tree – in public.
  • The tree was a sycamore fig:
    • It gave travellers fruit and shade.
    • Compare Psa 121:5; Isa 25:4.
  • So Zacchæus became taller!
table arrangement

6

5

4

3

2

1

7

8

9

Table Arrangement

Israelites generally ate twice daily Ex. 16:12, 1 Ki. 17:6, Jn 21:4, 5, 12).

At the time of Christ, guests reclined on couches around three sides of a rectangular table, giving servants access to the fourth side.

TABLE

Position 1 was the “highest room” (Luke 14:8) because, being first to receive the food from the servant’s right hand, he had first choice; the dish was then passed to the next position in order.

Position 9 was the “lowest room” (Luke 14:9) because, being last to receive the dish, he could choose only what was left on it.

they all murmured
“They” All Murmured
  • That Jesus was guest to a sinner (Luke 19:7)
    • Who were “they”?
      • Mt 9:11, Lk 5:30; Lk 7:34, 39; 15:2; 18:9-14; Mt 21:28
    • We’d better be ready for criticism – no matter what we do someone is likely to find fault
    • Certainly, Zacchæus was a publican but, in itself, that didn’t make him a sinner!
    • We ought not to pre-judge people
    • We’re all sinners!
zacch us stood
Zacchæus Stood
  • He could stand in Jesus’ presence!
  • He addressed the Lord, not the murmurers.
  • It was his already established custom to give half to the poor; also to restore unjust exaction (vs 8).
  • Moses’ law: Help the poor – Deut 15:7-11.
    • Strangers, fatherless, widows and Levites to share in freewill offerings (De 16:10 ff) gleanings (De 24:19-21) and tithes (De 26:12).
    • Moses commanded that illicit gain be restored in principal together with a 20% surcharge (Lev 6:2-5).
salvation is come to this house
Salvation is Come to this House
  • Not because of the works, but because of the faith that gave rise to the works.
  • Zacchæus’ (Hebrew) name means “pure”.
  • He was a “son of Abraham” – cp Jn 8:39.
    • Fundamentally this means one who makes his ways subservient to God’s way – like Abraham.
  • Jesus sought and saved the lost! – Luke 5:31.
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