Chapter 17. The Nation is Industrialized What does industrialized mean?. Big Business. Andrew Carnegie The US became invention capital of the world in late 1800s. Thomas Alva Edison produced more than 1,000 inventions. Alexander Graham Bell. Lewis Latimer helped with light bulb.
The Nation is Industrialized
What does industrialized mean?
Many children worked. 16 hour work days. 6 days a week. Terrible working conditions. No vacations.
1911 a fire in the Triangle Shirtwaist factory broke out and 146 women and girls died.
Labor unions formed for better conditions.
They used strikes to get their way.
Strikebreakers was something that owners used.
Cigar Maker Samuel Gompers formed AFL that helped pass laws to shorten work days and get better working conditions.
1870-1924 26 million immigrants.
Examined at Ellis Island and Angel Island before entering.
6-7 people in a room your bedroom size.
Chicago Great Fire, 24 hours, 100s of deaths, 1/3 of city destroyed, 100,000 homeless.
7.2 million for Alaska called Seward’s Ice Box.
No one liked the choice.
Americans overthrew the Queen in Hawaii and asked to become a US property.
Puerto Rico and Cuba revolted against Spain, many were jailed or killed.
America on fence.
William McKinley sent Maine and it exploded and it was blamed on Spain.
Hearst adjusted the facts and America went to war, Remember the Maine!
US quickly destroyed fleet.
Teddy Roosevelt quit Navy Secretary and volunteered to fight in war.
July 1, 1898, took San Juan Hill. Joined Black cavalries called the Buffalo Soldiers.
War ended in August 1898.
Treaty gave US Puerto Rico, Philippines, and Guam; and Cuba was independent.
Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far!
Teddy Roosevelt was elected in 1900 as VP, and McKinley was assassinated making Teddy the youngest…42.
Was time to reform, every man has a square deal.
Writers like Upton Sinclair, “The Jungle,” pushed for food regulations.
Ida Tarbell was a muckraker too.
Teddy divided Standard Oil into 25 trusts and began FDA.
Dare mighty things!
US purchased 10 mile wide strip and cut 7,000 miles off the trip.
Assigned William Gorgas to take care of the mosquito problem.
Built in 7 years, 5609 lives were lost.
Orville and Wilbur took a plane ride of 12 seconds on Kitty Hawk.
Henry Ford put assembly line into action and drove price of car to $300 in 1925.
½ cars in 1923 was a Model T.
John Muir showed Teddy around a few parks and Teddy created National Parks.
Set aside 150 million acres for national forests.
Once Teddy saved a small bear from hunters and cartoonist heard story and drew picture of a…you guessed it.