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Body Plane Notes

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Body Plane Notes

April 2, 2012

- Vocabulary Terms
- Dorsal: top side of bilateral symmetry
- Ventral: bottom side of bilateral symmetry
- Anterior: front of bilateral symmetry
- Posterior: back of bilateral symmetry

SUPERIOR

INFERIOR

CRANIAL

CAUDAL

- Superior: highest or top most part of the body
- Inferior: lowest part of the body
- Cranial: at the head of the body
- Caudal: at the end of the body

PROXIMAL

DISTAL

- Medial: close to the midline of the body
- Lateral: towards the side
- Proximal: close to the point of attachment
- Distal: away from point of attachment

- Body Planes: fixed lines of reference along which a body with bilateral symmetry (two sides that mirror each other) can be divided
- Types of Body Planes
- Frontal Plane (AKA Coronal Plane): a vertical plane running from side to side
- Divides the body or any of its parts into anterior and posterior portions

- Frontal Plane (AKA Coronal Plane): a vertical plane running from side to side

- Sagittal Plane (AKA Lateral Plane): a vertical plane running from front to back
- Divides the body or any of its parts into right and left, but not necessarily equal sides

- Median Plane: same as sagittal plane, but always cuts through the midline of the body
- Divides the body or any of its parts into right and left halves

- Transverse Plane (AKA Axial Plane): a horizontal plane
- Divides the body or any of its parts into upper and lower parts