Body plane notes
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Body Plane Notes. April 2, 2012. I. Anatomical Positions. Vocabulary Terms Dorsal: top side of bilateral symmetry Ventral: bottom side of bilateral symmetry Anterior: front of bilateral symmetry Posterior: back of bilateral symmetry. Vocabulary Terms (cont.). SUPERIOR. INFERIOR. CRANIAL.

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Body Plane Notes

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Body plane notes

Body Plane Notes

April 2, 2012


I anatomical positions

I. Anatomical Positions

  • Vocabulary Terms

    • Dorsal: top side of bilateral symmetry

    • Ventral: bottom side of bilateral symmetry

    • Anterior: front of bilateral symmetry

    • Posterior: back of bilateral symmetry


Vocabulary terms cont

Vocabulary Terms (cont.)

SUPERIOR

INFERIOR

CRANIAL

CAUDAL

  • Superior: highest or top most part of the body

  • Inferior: lowest part of the body

  • Cranial: at the head of the body

  • Caudal: at the end of the body


Vocabulary terms cont1

Vocabulary Terms (cont.)

PROXIMAL

DISTAL

  • Medial: close to the midline of the body

  • Lateral: towards the side

  • Proximal: close to the point of attachment

  • Distal: away from point of attachment


Ii body planes

II. Body Planes

  • Body Planes: fixed lines of reference along which a body with bilateral symmetry (two sides that mirror each other) can be divided

  • Types of Body Planes

    • Frontal Plane (AKA Coronal Plane): a vertical plane running from side to side

      • Divides the body or any of its parts into anterior and posterior portions


Body planes cont

Body Planes (cont.)

  • Sagittal Plane (AKA Lateral Plane): a vertical plane running from front to back

    • Divides the body or any of its parts into right and left, but not necessarily equal sides


Body planes cont1

Body Planes (cont.)

  • Median Plane: same as sagittal plane, but always cuts through the midline of the body

    • Divides the body or any of its parts into right and left halves


Body planes cont2

Body Planes (cont.)

  • Transverse Plane (AKA Axial Plane): a horizontal plane

    • Divides the body or any of its parts into upper and lower parts


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