Agenda – Wednesday, February 19 th. Reading Quiz #5 – Learning Classical Conditioning Notes Example Homework: NONE Unit Test #2 – Returned TOMORROW. Learning Unit. Acquiring new information Modifying or reinforcing existing knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences
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IT IS NOT VOLUNTARY!!
IT HAPPENS REFLEXIVELY!!!
Acquisition: Repeated pairing of NS & UCS
NS + UCS UR
Generalization: When other stimuli that resemble the conditioned stimulus cause a conditioned response
Discrimination: The ability to differentiate between CS and similar stimuli
Some dog owners prefer to get an invisible fence (a fence that provides a shock when dogs with shock collars cross a wire in the ground) because their neighborhood does not allow certain fences.
When the dog is about 6 inches away from the wire, it hears a loud tone. If the dog continues walking after hearing the tone, it will be shocked.
Unconditioned Stimulus: _______________
Unconditioned Response: ______________
Neutral Stimulus: ______________________
Conditioned Stimulus: _________________
Conditioned Response: ________________
Return and review Exam #2
Classical Conditioning class example
If time: Higher-order Classical Conditioning
IT IS VOLUNTARY!!
You learn consequences that follow your behavior (GOOD OR BAD)
How do CRUSH CARDS function as operant conditioning?
Shaping: rewarding successive behaviors to encourage more complex behaviors
How does gambling function as both reinforcement and punishment?
MUST FOLLOW A BEHAVIOR!
Reinforcement: Increases the frequency of behavior
Punishment: Decreases the frequency of behavior
Is receiving a speeding ticket positive or negative?
Positive: Adding something
Negative: Taking away something
John B. Watson
Latent Learning: Even without reinforcement and punishment schedules, you are still learning (create a cognitive map)
Intrinsic Motivation: The inner desire to perform a behavior effectively for the sake of it
Extrinsic Motivation: The desire to behave a certain way to receive external rewards or avoid threatened punishment