Riddle of hypnosis
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Riddle of Hypnosis. Objectives- The Student will. define hypnosis Formulate a list ( number sequence- student skill ) of the nature of hypnosis Be able to trace steps to hypnotize someone Compare and Contrast two theories of Hypnosis (Venn Diagram) . Base definition.

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Riddle of Hypnosis

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Riddle of hypnosis

Riddle of Hypnosis


Objectives the student will

Objectives- The Student will

  • define hypnosis

  • Formulate a list (number sequence- student skill) of the nature of hypnosis

  • Be able to trace steps to hypnotize someone

  • Compare and Contrast two theories of Hypnosis (Venn Diagram)


Base definition

Base definition

  • Hypnosis- Procedure in which a practitioner suggests changes in the sensations, perceptions, thoughts, feelings or behavior of the subject

  • Hypnotized person, in turn, tries to alter his/her cognitive process in accordance with the hypnotists suggestions


Hypnosis

chapter 5

Hypnosis

A procedure in which the practitioner suggests changes in the sensations, perceptions, thoughts, feelings, or behavior of the subject


What can hypnosis do

What can Hypnosis do?

  • Performance of an action; F.E. your arm will slowly rise

  • Inability to perform an action; F.E. You will be unable to bend your arm

  • Or distortion of normal perception or memory; F.E. you will feel no pain or you will be hypnotized at this signal


Procedure of hypnosis

Procedure of Hypnosis

  • Usually hypnotist gets person relaxed, sleepy, eyelids heavy

  • Singsong or monotonous voice

  • Concentrate on small object or body function (concentrate on breathing)

  • Good movie or music


The nature of hypnosis

chapter 5

The nature of hypnosis

Hypnotic responsiveness depends more on the person being hypnotized than on the skill of the hypnotist.

Hypnotized people can’t be forced to do things against their will.

Feats performed under hypnosis can be performed by motivated people without hypnosis.

Hypnosis does not increase the accuracy of memory.


Nature of hypnosis 6 items role theory of hypnosis

Nature of hypnosis (6 items)ROLE THEORY OF Hypnosis

  • Hypnotic responsiveness depends more on the efforts and qualities of the person being hypnotized than on the skill of the hypnotist

  • Some people are more responsive than others (everyone's different)

  • Richer fantasy lives, follow directions well, focus on 1 task for long time

  • Unrelated to personality traits, gullibility, trust, conformity, submissiveness


N o h cont

N.O.H. Cont…

2. Hypnotized people cannot be forced to do things against their will

  • Like drunkenness, hypnosis can be used to justify letting go of inhibitions

  • HOWEVER the individual is choosing to turn over responsibility to the Hypnotist and to Cooperate

  • There is no empirical evidence (proof) Hypnotist can make subject go against their morals or that constitutes a real threat


N o h cont1

N.O.H. Cont…

3. Feats performed under hypnosis can be performed by motivated people without hypnosis

  • Look like unbelievable physical feats, extrodanory mental capabilities

  • But with proper support, motivation, encouragement could do it.


N o h cont2

N.O.H. cont

4. Hypnosis does not increase the accuracy of memory

  • Rare cases can jog memory of crime victims

  • Increases errors of eyewitnesses

  • Hypnosis makes more likely to guess


N o h cont3

N.O.H. cont…

5. Hypnosis does not produce a literal reexperiencing of long ago events

  • When regressed to an earlier age (F.E. “act like a baby”,) mental and moral performance remains adult like

  • Brain wave patterns do not become childlike

  • May use baby talk or report feeling like 4 yrs old, but only because you are willing participant to feel that way


The nature of hypnosis1

chapter 5

The nature of hypnosis

Hypnosis doesn’t produce a literal re-experiencing of long-past events.

Hypnotic suggestions have been used effectively for medical and psychological purposes.


N o h end state theory of hypnosis

N.O.H. endState theory of Hypnosis

6. Hypnotic suggestions have been used effectively for many medical and psychological purposes

  • Greatest success in pain management

  • Cope with chronic pain

  • Stress, anxiety, obesity, asthma, irritable bowel syndrome, chemotherapy induced vomiting, skin disorders


Theories of hypnosis 2

Theories of Hypnosis (2)

  • 1st Dissociation Theories

  • Earnest Hilgard (1977,1986)

  • Like lucid dreams, involves split consciousness

  • Dissociation- A split in consciousness, in which one part of the mind operates independently of others

  • According to Hilgard, most of the mind subject to hypnotic suggestion, one part is hidden observer, watching but not participating


Theories of hypnosis

chapter 5

Theories of hypnosis

Dissociation theories

  • Hypnosis is a split in consciousness in which one part of the mind operates independently of consciousness

  • During hypnosis, dissociation occurs between an executive control system (probably in the frontal lobes) and other systems of thinking and acting.


Dissociation cont

Dissociation cont…

  • Unless given special instructions, hypnotized part remains unaware of the observer

  • Hilgard EVEDENCE= Research put volunteer’s arm in ice cold water, told feel no pain

  • But non submerged hand would be able to signal pain

  • People said they felt no pain but other hand was pressing pain key


Disassociation cont

Disassociation cont….

  • Disassociation between parts of the brain

  • Executive (frontal lobes) separates from thinking and acting parts

  • Similar to subjects who have frontal lobe damage

  • As a result more susceptible to suggestion


Sociocognitive approach

Sociocognitive Approach

  • Sociocognitive explanation- the effects of hypnosis result from the interaction between the social influence of the hypnotist (socio) and the abilities, beliefs and expectations (cognitive=learned)

  • Hypnotized person plays a role

  • Even the hidden observer is a reaction to social demands


Theories of hypnosis1

chapter 5

Theories of hypnosis

Sociocognitive theories

Effects of hypnosis result from interaction between social influence of the hypnotist and the beliefs and expectations of the subject.

Can explain “alien abduction” and “past-life regression”


Sociocognitive cont

Sociocognitive cont…

  • Spirit possession or alien abduction

  • If a therapist believes in Spirit possession or alien abduction may consciously or unconsciously shape clients study

  • Past life regression- F.E. Julius Cesar

  • 1/3 of students report being able to do so, however when asked specific questions, country at war, language, currency= Could not answer

  • Your beliefs and the beliefs of other


Summary

Summary

  • Nature of Hypnosis

  • Two theories


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