Dynamics of disability identity within the student veteran community
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 25

Dynamics of Disability Identity within the Student Veteran Community PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 77 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Dynamics of Disability Identity within the Student Veteran Community. Amanda Kraus, Ph. D. AHEAD 2011. Disabled Veterans Reintegration and Education Project. Goal to more authentically understand how disabled veterans experience higher education

Download Presentation

Dynamics of Disability Identity within the Student Veteran Community

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Dynamics of disability identity within the student veteran community

Dynamics of Disability Identity within theStudent Veteran Community

Amanda Kraus, Ph. D.

AHEAD 2011


Disabled veterans reintegration and education project

Disabled Veterans Reintegration and Education Project

  • Goal to more authentically understand how disabled veterans experience higher education

  • Produce a model with recommendations on strategies that contribute to the success of veterans on campus


Disabled veterans reintegration and education project1

Disabled Veterans Reintegration and Education Project

  • Research

    • Participatory-action research and mixed qualitative methodology

    • 35 individual, semi-structured interviews

  • Outreach

    • Professionals’ Roundtable

    • Sports and Wellness Camp

    • Liaise with Student Vets Center

    • and campus and community

  • Academic initiatives

    • SERV

    • Online faculty resources

  • Direct Services

    • DRC accommodations

    • Healing Touch


Impact of dvre

Impact of DVRE


University of arizona trends

University of Arizona trends


Dynamics of disability identity within the student veteran community

Conceptualizing disability identity

Military

Disability Studies

Media


Military concepts

Military concepts

  • DOD casualty statistics

  • VA disability rating system

    • A disability (“disease or injury determined to have occurred in or to have been aggravated by military service”) is evaluated according to the VA Schedule for Rating Disabilities in Title 38, CFR, and Part 4. Extent of disability is expressed as a percentage from 0% (for conditions that exist but are not disabling to a compensable degree) to 100%, in increments of 10%.

  • Language

    • Catastrophically Ill and Injured, or “CII”

  • Caregiver model of rehabilitation


Dynamics of disability identity within the student veteran community

“Congratulations! You have completed your Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment program. Therefore, I am declaring that you are rehabilitated.”


Media concepts

Mediaconcepts

  • Medical

  • Palatable

  • Inspirational

  • “Super-crip”

  • Tragic

  • Villain

  • Pitiful

  • Charity and Telethons


Disability studies concepts

Disability Studies concepts

  • Disability:

    • is a sociopolitical construct

    • is a key aspect of the human experience, with social, political and economic implications for society as a whole

    • is perpetuated by exclusive design, and environmental, attitudinal, and economic barriers, whether intentional or inadvertent


Discuss

Discuss

  • How are disabled veterans framed in the media?

  • What are the messages veterans receive about disability in the military and through the VA?

  • How might this lens impact the identity of a disabled veteran?

    • Consider the process of service member to veteran to disabled veteran to disabled student veteran

    • What are the differences in how they see themselves and how they are perceived on campus


Disability trends

Disability trends

  • As of June 2012, the number of American troops who have been injured in OIF, OEF, OND is 48,597

  • Nearly 20 percent of the 1.6 million service members deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan report symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder or major depression, yet only slightly more than half have sought treatment (RAND, 2008)

  • Nineteen percent report a probable TBI, seven percent report TBI, PTSD and depression

  • Costs associated with mental health care for service members in the first two years after deployment is an estimated $6.2 billion over two years (RAND, 2008)


Preliminary findings characteristics

Preliminary findings – characteristics

  • Non-traditional

  • Access issues

    • Bias, climate, financial

  • Some identify first as vets, some will not identify

  • Reinscribe military values

    • Language – vet-speak

    • Cohort, team

    • Friendlies

  • Use dedicated space to

    cultivate identity as

    student veterans

  • Disability


Preliminary findings disability

Preliminary findings - Disability

  • Reluctant to identify personally, but acknowledge disability as important aspect of community

    • DOD statistics, VA VR rating

  • Language

    • Wounded Warrior

    • Injured

  • Hierarchy

    • Combat-related injury

    • Service-related injury

    • Non-service-related injury

  • Service provision

    • Cohort mentality

  • Divide between invisible and visible


Dynamics of disability identity within the student veteran community

  • Deceased

  • Combat-related

  • Official recognition (i.e. Purple Heart)

  • Service-connected

  • Combat Theatre

  • Visible injuries or disabilities

  • Living

  • Non-combat-related

  • Unrecognized

  • Non-Service-related (e.g. skiing accident)

  • Stateside or other non-combat location

  • Invisible (including physical, learning disabilities, psychological, TBIs )


Dynamics of disability identity within the student veteran community

“Well, I got PTSD. They gave me that last year or so. Back and knees and just basic joint stuff. Well, I got actually—not too long ago I got diagnosed with a mild TBI just from getting tossed around the back of a truck, hit with a couple explosions, but that’s about it. No puncture wounds or gun shots or anything like that.”

Disability depends on context


Dynamics of disability identity within the student veteran community

The VA says that if it’s not documented, it never really happened. Part of the problem with my job field is that most of the corpsman never got documented. The few things that I did have problems with kind of got overlooked and it wasn’t until the end that they wanted it. I went to physical therapy for my elbow, which the VA has rated me at zero percent for as well as my ankles. I’m rated at zero percent. It can increase. I just have to find more documentation to support it. I’m working on that.

Fighting to get a VA Rating


Dynamics of disability identity within the student veteran community

It’s like, they were trying to keep me in the Service. as long as possible... Because like when I was in, if you, if you had any type of disability or any king of, anything wrong with you like if you were missing your arm or your hand or something like that, you were as good as gone… disability did not equal the military. And now it’s like they realize that having a disability doesn’t prevent you from using your brain. You don’t necessarily have to be doing pull-ups and pushups and stuff to be worth something.

Military models of disability


Dynamics of disability identity within the student veteran community

Yeah it’s like a whole process. They look through your medical records, and they evaluate how disabled you are. And it sounds bizarre, but you are like hoping for a good disability rating. But it’s, you know, I don’t feel like 60 percent disabled.

Measuring self with VA ratings


Dynamics of disability identity within the student veteran community

"I guess in a way I don’t consider myself disabled. I don’t know. Maybe that’s what they’re thinking. In another sense I do consider myself disabled. I want to represent disabled community and it’s not so general and not so broad. There are hidden disabilities that you don’t see. I’m invested in that term because I want to represent it positively and promote that there is a way to do it with grace and values and just to kind of build awareness. I imagine that there are some that are fighting to kind of normalize themselves.”

Normalizing disability relevant to identity


Discuss1

Discuss

  • How do the DOD disability/casualty statistics and the VA disability rating system frame disability?

  • What are the implications for developing disability identity?

  • What are the implications

  • for service provision?


Implications

Implications

  • Reframe disability

  • “Universally” designed physical and curricular environments – remove barriers

  • Integrate disability into community

  • Focus on access, justice

  • Language in outreach


Implications1

Implications

  • Strong relationship with VA re: mental health and benefits

  • Adaptive/wheelchair athletics

  • Open gym to vets

    • P90X

    • Private hours

  • Healing Touch


Implications2

Implications

  • Incorporate student feedback

  • Committee to discuss veterans on campus, including students, administrators, staff and faculty

  • Check assumptions about student identity. Do not assume most salient identity and do not assume common understanding/language


Resources

Resources

  • Disabled Veterans Reintegration and Education Project

    drc.arizona.edu/veterans/

  • UA V.E.T.S.

    vets.arizona.edu


  • Login