Dengue fever a worldwide crisis
Download
1 / 19

Dengue fever: a worldwide crisis - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 104 Views
  • Uploaded on

Used with permission from Microsoft. Dengue fever: a worldwide crisis. Abigail Jeffers MPH Student Walden University PUBH 6165-4 Environmental Health Dr. Robert P. Marino Winter Quarter 2010. agenda. Expected learning outcome Understand cost to society Recognize impact on health

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Dengue fever: a worldwide crisis' - pules


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Dengue fever a worldwide crisis

Used with permission from Microsoft

Dengue fever: a worldwide crisis

Abigail Jeffers

MPH Student

Walden University

PUBH 6165-4 Environmental Health

Dr. Robert P. Marino

Winter Quarter 2010


Agenda
agenda

  • Expected learning outcome

  • Understand cost to society

  • Recognize impact on health

  • Develop effective control

  • Describe infection routes

  • Audience

  • WHO

  • CDC

  • Government

  • General population

  • Purpose of presentation

Used with permission from Microsoft


What is it
What is it?

  • Mosquito-borne viral disease

  • DENV-1

  • DENV-2

  • DENV-3

  • DENV-4

  • Endemic to Tropical regions

  • No cure

  • DHF

Used with permission from Microsoft

Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010). Epidemiology. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/epidemiology/index.html


Cause of dengue fever
Cause of dengue fever

  • Bite from infected Aedes aegypti mosquito

  • Stagnant water

  • Poor surveillance

  • Poor Control

  • Poorly constructed homes

  • Solid waste disposal

Used with permission from CDC

World Health Organization. (2009). Dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs117/en/


Lifecycle of aedes aegypti
Lifecycle of aedes aegypti

Used with permission from Hopp & Foley, 2001


Endemic regions
Endemic regions

Used with permission from World Health Organization. (2009). Dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs117/en/


Symptoms treatment
Symptoms treatment

  • Fever 105ºF

  • Rash

  • Headache

  • Backache

  • Petechiae

  • Ecchymoses

  • Supported care

  • Acetaminophen

  • Rehydration

  • Blood pressure control

  • Transfusions

Used with permission from Microsoft

Used with permission from Microsoft

Gurugama, P., Garg, P., Perera, J., Wijewickrama, A. & Seneviratne, S.L. (2010). Dengue Viral Infections. Indian J Dermatol, 55(1):68-78. DOI: 10.4103/0019-5154.60357


Prevalence
prevalence

  • 100 million cases per year

Used with permission from Microsoft

Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2009). Dengue Fact Sheet. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/faqFacts/fact.html


Incidence
incidence

  • 2.5 billion people

  • 2/5 of the world's population

  • 500,000 DHF cases

  • 120 million travellers

Used with permission from Microsoft

World Health Organization. (2011). Dengue/dengue hemorrhagic fever. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/csr/disease/dengue/en/


Morbidity
morbidity

  • Children

  • Elderly

Used with permission from Microsoft

Schwartz, E., Weld, L.H., Wilder-Smith, A., von Sonnenburg, F., Keystone, J.S., Kain, K.C., Torresi, J. & Freedman, D.O. (2008). Seasonality, annual trends, and characteristics of dengue in ill returned travelers, 1997–2006. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 14(7):1081-1088. DOI: 10.3201/eid1407.071412


Mortality
mortality

  • 2.5% of children

  • >20% w/o proper treatment

  • 22,000 deaths per year

Image shows the gut of a mosquito filled with blood during feeding.

Used with permission from CDC

Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010). Epidemiology. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/epidemiology/index.html


Outbreaks
outbreaks

  • 2007 Venezuela

  • 2007 Puerto Rico

  • 2008 Brazil

  • 2009 Cape Verde

  • 2010 The Americas

Used with permission from Google images

Ribeiro, P. (2009). 2008 Dengue fever outbreak in Rio de Janeiro . Retrieved from http://gobrazil.about.com/od/denguefeverinbrazil/a/denguerio.htm


Cost to society
Cost to society

  • Funds availability

  • Decreases GDP

  • Economic strain

  • $1.8 billion annually

  • Loss of income

Used with permission from Microsoft

Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2009). Dengue Fact Sheet. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/faqFacts/fact.html

Gubler, D.J. (2006). Dengue/dengue hemorrhagic fever: history and current status. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 277:3-16. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17319151

Suaya, J.A., Shepard, D.S., Siqueira, J.B., Martelli, C.T., Lum, L.C., Tan, L.H., Kongsin ,S., Jiamton, S,. Garrido, F., Montoya ,R., Armien, B., Huy, R., Castillo, L., Caram, M., Sah, B.K., Sughayyar ,R., Tyo, KR. & Halstead, S.B. (2009). Cost of dengue cases in eight countries in the Americas and Asia: a prospective study. American Journal of Tropical Medicine Hygiene, 80(5):846-855. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19407136


Prevention and control
Prevention and control

  • Eradicating the mosquitoes

  • Eliminating stagnant water

  • Use of mosquito pesticide

  • Testing of blood products

Used with permission from Microsoft

Gurugama, P., Garg, P., Perera, J., Wijewickrama, A. & Seneviratne, S.L. (2010). Dengue Viral Infections. Indian J Dermatol, 55(1):68-78. DOI: 10.4103/0019-5154.60357


Challenges
challenges

  • Community involvement

  • Physicians knowledge

  • Increased air travel

  • Urbanization

Used with permission from Microsoft

Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2009). Dengue Fact Sheet. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/faqFacts/fact.html


References
references

  • Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2009). Dengue Fact Sheet. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/faqFacts/fact.html

  • Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010). Epidemiology. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/epidemiology/index.html

  • Gubler, D.J. (2006). Dengue/dengue hemorrhagic fever: history and current status. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 277:3-16. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17319151

  • Gurugama, P., Garg, P., Perera, J., Wijewickrama, A. & Seneviratne, S.L. (2010). Dengue Viral Infections. Indian J Dermatol, 55(1):68-78. DOI: 10.4103/0019-5154.60357

  • Ribeiro, P. (2009). 2008 Dengue fever outbreak in Rio de Janeiro . Retrieved from http://gobrazil.about.com/od/denguefeverinbrazil/a/denguerio.htm

  • Suaya, J.A., Shepard, D.S., Siqueira, J.B., Martelli, C.T., Lum, L.C., Tan, L.H., Kongsin ,S., Jiamton, S,. Garrido, F., Montoya ,R., Armien, B., Huy, R., Castillo, L., Caram, M., Sah, B.K., Sughayyar ,R., Tyo, KR. & Halstead, S.B. (2009). Cost of dengue cases in eight countries in the Americas and Asia: a prospective study. American Journal of Tropical Medicine Hygiene, 80(5):846-855. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19407136


References1
References

  • Schwartz, E., Weld, L.H., Wilder-Smith, A., von Sonnenburg, F., Keystone, J.S., Kain, K.C., Torresi, J. & Freedman, D.O.(2008). Seasonality, annual trends, and characteristics of dengue in ill returned travelers, 1997–2006. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 14(7):1081-1088. DOI: 10.3201/eid1407.071412

  • Ugonabo, N., & Valdovinos, C. (2008). Assessing the impact of treatment of septic tanks with expanded polystyrene beads on Aedes aegypti larval and adult mosquito emergence. Retrieved from http://www.stanford.edu/group/parasites/ParaSites2008/Nkem_Cristina%20Valdoinos/ugonabon_valdovinosc_dengueproposal.htm

  • World Health Organization. (2009). Dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs117/en/

  • World Health Organization. (2011). Dengue/dengue hemorrhagic fever. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/csr/disease/dengue/en/


Supplemental reading
supplemental reading

  • Ballenger-Browning, K.K. & Elder, J.P. (2009). Multi-modal Aedes aegypti mosquito reduction interventions and dengue fever prevention. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 14(12):1542-1551. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3156.2009.02396.x. Use the Walden Library Academic Search Premier database, and search using the article’s Accession Number: 2010496140

  • National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. (2009). Dengue Fever. http://www.niaid.nih.gov/TOPICS/DENGUEFEVER/RESEARCH/Pages/Default.aspx


Thank you

I sincerely appreciate the time that you have devoted to my presentation. If you have any questions, I will be happy to

answer them.

Thank you!!!

Used with permission from Microsoft


ad