Use of fod for estimation of methane emissions from municipal solid waste in the eu25 outlooks
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Under contract with the European Environment Agency. Use of FOD for estimation of methane emissions from municipal solid waste in the EU25: ‘Outlooks’. Alejandro Villanueva [email protected] European Topic Centre on Resources and Waste Management. What is the goal of the ’outlooks’ project?.

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Use of FOD for estimation of methane emissions from municipal solid waste in the EU25: ‘Outlooks’

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Use of fod for estimation of methane emissions from municipal solid waste in the eu25 outlooks

Under contract with the European Environment Agency

Use of FOD for estimation of methane emissions from municipal solid waste in the EU25: ‘Outlooks’

Alejandro [email protected] Topic Centre on Resources and Waste Management


What is the goal of the outlooks project

What is the goal of the ’outlooks’ project?


Outline

Under contract with the European Environment Agency

Outline

1.Background for the projections

What information did we use to estimate CH4 generation from landfills?

  • IPCC methodology

  • MSW only!

    2. Key parameters

  • Activity data:

    • Composition of the landfilled waste

    • Amounts landfilled: 1950-1990 and 1990-2005

  • Methane recovery ratios

  • IPCC methane oxidation parameters: MCF & OX

    3. Future work


Background for the projections

Background for the projections

  • FOD


Background for the projections1

Background for the projections

  • FOD vs massbalance - food waste


Background for the projections2

Background for the projections

  • FOD vs massbalance - wood waste


Background for the projections3

Background for the projections

  • FOD vs massbalance: 15-35 years back needed


Background for the projections4

Background for the projections

  • FOD

  • A modification of the draft IPCC spreadsheet


Background for the projections5

Background for the projections

  • FOD

  • A modification of the IPCC spreadsheet

  • Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) only !

The reason: An econometric model has been developed in the ETC/RWM, but for MSW only


Use of fod for estimation of methane emissions from municipal solid waste in the eu25 outlooks

MSW generation projections


Biodegradable waste amounts captured

Under contract with the European Environment Agency

Treatment

Origin

Waste fraction

Mech-Biol. Treatment

In MSW (contains 20-50% biowaste and 10-25%paper)

Households

Recycling (incl. composting)

Source - Separated fractions:

Markets, commerce and offices

Biowaste

L a n d f i l l i n g

Agriculture

Wood

Paper

Incineration

Park and garden waste

Stabilisation (composting, AD)

Sewage sludge

Sewage sludge

Export

?

Industrial biowaste

?

Industry

Biodegradable waste amounts captured


4 key parameters

Under contract with the European Environment Agency

4 Key parameters

  • Activity data:

    • Composition of the landfilled waste

    • Amounts landfilled: 1950-1990, 1990-2005, and 2005 -2020

  • Methane recovery ratio

  • Oxidation rates: MCF & OX


Use of fod for estimation of methane emissions from municipal solid waste in the eu25 outlooks

1. Composition of the landfilled waste

  • Typically in reports from national research institutions / consultants


Use of fod for estimation of methane emissions from municipal solid waste in the eu25 outlooks

DATA CERTAINTY

LANDFILLED WASTE COMPOSITION

1

WASTE AMOUNTS

2

% TO LANDFILL

3

CH4 RECOVERY

OXIDATION IN THE LANDFILL (MCF, OX)

4

2015

1955

2005

2025

1965

1995

2035

1975

1985


Use of fod for estimation of methane emissions from municipal solid waste in the eu25 outlooks

2. Amounts landfilled

2.1 Total amounts generated


Use of fod for estimation of methane emissions from municipal solid waste in the eu25 outlooks

2. Amounts landfilled

2.2 Percentage of MSW to landfill


The landfill directive targets

Under contract with the European Environment Agency

1999: Directive enters into force

68 %

75 %

50 %

35 %

OBS!: Only MUNICIPAL biodegradable waste: no sludge, no industrial waste

The Landfill Directive targets

MSW generation and BMW landfilling trend in the EU15


Landfill directive targets

Under contract with the European Environment Agency

Landfill Directive targets

Are MS on the way to meet the LD targets?

Ref.

2006

2009

2016


Use of fod for estimation of methane emissions from municipal solid waste in the eu25 outlooks

2. Amounts landfilled

2.2 Percentage of MSW to landfill


Use of fod for estimation of methane emissions from municipal solid waste in the eu25 outlooks

DATA CERTAINTY

LANDFILLED WASTE COMPOSITION

1

WASTE AMOUNTS

2

% TO LANDFILL

3

CH4 RECOVERY

OXIDATION IN THE LANDFILL (MCF, OX)

4

2015

1955

2005

2025

1965

1995

2035

1975

1985


3 methane recovery

3. Methane recovery


3 methane recovery1

3. Methane recovery


Use of fod for estimation of methane emissions from municipal solid waste in the eu25 outlooks

DATA CERTAINTY

LANDFILLED WASTE COMPOSITION

1

WASTE AMOUNTS

2

% TO LANDFILL

3

CH4 RECOVERY

OXIDATION IN THE LANDFILL (MCF, OX)

4

2015

1955

2005

2025

1965

1995

2035

1975

1985


4 oxidation in the landfill

4. Oxidation in the landfill


Use of fod for estimation of methane emissions from municipal solid waste in the eu25 outlooks

DATA CERTAINTY

LANDFILLED WASTE COMPOSITION

1

WASTE AMOUNTS

2

% TO LANDFILL

3

CH4 RECOVERY

OXIDATION IN THE LANDFILL (MCF, OX)

4

2015

1955

2005

2025

1965

1995

2035

1975

1985


Interim results

Under contract with the European Environment Agency

Interim results

+ ….

+

+


Future work in the etc rwm

Under contract with the European Environment Agency

Future work in the ETC/RWM

  • Refinement of the 4 key parameters

  • Extension of the projections to:

    • Other landfilled organic waste fractions

      • Industrial waste

      • Sewage sludge

    • Other waste treatment technologies (composting, incineration)


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