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Preparing a Site Conceptual Model. Typical Site Management Problems:. Site complexities Complicated hydrogeology Multiple contaminants of concern (COCs) Multiple receptors/pathways Multiple phases of investigation and remediation Deliverables that are not stand-alone documents

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typical site management problems
Typical Site Management Problems:
  • Site complexities
    • Complicated hydrogeology
    • Multiple contaminants of concern (COCs)
    • Multiple receptors/pathways
  • Multiple phases of investigation and remediation
  • Deliverables that are not stand-alone documents
  • Changes in consultants
  • Changes in regulatory oversight
  • Case load
common outcome
Common Outcome:
  • An abundance of data
  • Lack of clarity concerning the major site issues and how to move the site toward closure
suggestion
Suggestion:

Direct the Responsible Party (RP) to complete a Site Conceptual Model

site conceptual model scm
Site Conceptual Model (SCM):

EPA: A representation of site conditions developed using readily available (existing) data that illustrates the relationship between contaminants, retention/transport media, and receptors.

EPA. November 2000. Using the Conceptual Site Model to Select Performance Standards and Develop Data Quality Objectives in the CAS.

purpose
Purpose:
  • Organize information already known about the site
  • Help identify additional information that must be obtained
  • Suggest when site characterization is complete—i.e., if the SCM is not likely to significantly change upon collection of additional information, the existing data are adequate
scm presentation
SCM Presentation:

The SCM is generally documented by written descriptions and supported by maps, geological cross-sections, tables, diagrams and other illustrations.

EPA. November 2000. Using the Conceptual Site Model to Select Performance Standards and Develop Data Quality Objectives in the CAS.

scm support
SCM Support:
  • Local and regional plan view maps showing location of sources, extent of contamination (i.e., an interpretive drawing—not a plot of laboratory results), direction and rate of groundwater flow, and locations of receptors. “Receptors” include, but are not limited to, all supply wells within 2000 feet of the source area.

Arulanantham, R. December 2000. Assessment and Management of MtBE Impacted Sites.

scm support10
SCM Support:
  • Cross-section maps showing subsurface geologic features, depth to groundwater, man-made conduits, monitoring well construction, and an interpretive drawing of the vertical extent of soil contamination (i.e., an interpretive drawing—not a plot of laboratory results)

Arulanantham, R. December 2000. Assessment and Management of MtBE Impacted Sites.

scm support13
SCM Support:
  • Exposure evaluation flowchart (similar to Figure 2 in ASTM’s Standard Guide for Risk-Based Corrective Action Applied at Petroleum Release Sites)

Arulanantham, R. December 2000. Assessment and Management of MtBE Impacted Sites.

scm support15
SCM Support:
  • Plots of chemical concentrations vs. time (e.g., if groundwater monitoring is being conducted, plots should be shown for each monitoring well which has had detectable levels of contaminants)

Arulanantham, R. December 2000. Assessment and Management of MtBE Impacted Sites.

scm support17
SCM Support:
  • Plots of chemical concentrations vs. distance from the source

Arulanantham, R. December 2000. Assessment and Management of MtBE Impacted Sites.

scm support19
SCM Support:
  • Summary tables of chemical concentrations in different media

Arulanantham, R. December 2000. Assessment and Management of MtBE Impacted Sites.

scm support20
SCM Support:
  • Boring and well logs (including construction/screening)

Arulanantham, R. December 2000. Assessment and Management of MtBE Impacted Sites.

summary
Summary:
  • SCMs are a “big picture” look at a site contamination problem
  • SCMs may help you through some common site management problems and clarify major site issues
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