KHILAFAT MOVEMENT. Presentation by Muhammad Aleemuddin. Introduction. Since the 16 th century the Turkish Khalifa was considered by many Muslims to be Caliph. The Turkish Empire (also known as The Ottoman Empire ) included Makkah, Madinah, and Jerusalem. The Ottoman Empire Collapsed.
Taking Gandhi’s advice, the Khilafat Committee began Satyagraha in August 1920. People avoided everything British and: