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Forms of Government. Chapter 1 Section 2. orange - parliamentary republics green - presidential republics, executive presidency linked to a parliament yellow - presidential republics, semi-presidential system blue - presidential republics, full presidential system

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Forms of government
Forms of Government

Chapter 1

Section 2


orange - parliamentary republics

green - presidential republics, executive presidency linked to a parliament

yellow - presidential republics, semi-presidential system

blue - presidential republics, full presidential system

red - parliamentaryconstitutional monarchies in which the monarch does not personally exercise power

magenta - constitutional monarchies in which the monarch personally exercises power, often (but not always) alongside a weak parliament

purple - absolute monarchies

brown - republics where the dominant role of a single party is codified in the constitution

beige - states where constitutional provisions for government have been suspended

grey - countries which do not fit any of the above systems



Who can participate
Who Can Participate

  • Democracy

    • Political authority rests with the people

    • Direct – public policy directed by citizens

      • Pros? Cons?

    • Indirect – representatives for government

      • Pros? Cons?

      • Reps. Responsible for public policy on behalf of constituents

“government of the people, by the people, for the people.”

- Abraham Lincoln


Who can participate1
Who Can Participate

  • Dictatorship

    • Government not accountable to the people

      • Oldest most common form of government

    • Autocracy – single person holds unlimited power

    • Oligarchy – power to rule is held by few


Dictatorship
Dictatorship

  • All are authoritarian – unchallenged by the people

    • May control every aspect of your life

    • Votes are often taken, but usually controlled

    • Legislative bodies exist

    • Typically militaristic in nature


Geographic distribution of power
Geographic Distribution of Power

  • Unitary Government – Central government

    • May distribute power to local governments

    • Can be unitary & democratic at the same time


  • Federal Government – power is divided between a central and several local govts.

    • Power above both creates a division of power, that neither can change alone

    • US – national and state governments


  • Confederate Government – alliance of independent states

    • Central government has limited power

      • Typically only to orchestrate a defense

        • Allows states to keep their identity


Legislative and executive branches
Legislative and Executive Branches

  • Presidential Government – separate powers of executive and legislative

    • Independent, but coequal

    • Can block each other out (checks)


  • Parliamentary Government – executive is from the parliament (prime minister)

    • Leader of the majority party

    • Remain in power until they lose support of the majority of the party

      • Lost of confidence

      • Parliament may as a whole go to the voters

      • Helps avoid deadlock


Comparing presidential and parliamentary systems of government
Comparing Presidential and Parliamentary Systems of Government

Presidential System

Parliamentary System

Voters

Voters

British Parliament

Prime Minister Gordon Brown

U.S. House of Representatives

President Barack Obama


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