Forms of government
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Forms of Government. Chapter 1 Section 2. orange - parliamentary republics green - presidential republics, executive presidency linked to a parliament yellow - presidential republics, semi-presidential system blue - presidential republics, full presidential system

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Forms of Government

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Forms of Government

Chapter 1

Section 2


orange - parliamentary republics

green - presidential republics, executive presidency linked to a parliament

yellow - presidential republics, semi-presidential system

blue - presidential republics, full presidential system

red - parliamentaryconstitutional monarchies in which the monarch does not personally exercise power

magenta - constitutional monarchies in which the monarch personally exercises power, often (but not always) alongside a weak parliament

purple - absolute monarchies

brown - republics where the dominant role of a single party is codified in the constitution

beige - states where constitutional provisions for government have been suspended

grey - countries which do not fit any of the above systems


  • Its all Greek to me!

    • cracy = power

    • archy = rule

    • auto = self

    • oligos = few

    • demos = people


Who Can Participate

  • Democracy

    • Political authority rests with the people

    • Direct – public policy directed by citizens

      • Pros? Cons?

    • Indirect – representatives for government

      • Pros? Cons?

      • Reps. Responsible for public policy on behalf of constituents

“government of the people, by the people, for the people.”

- Abraham Lincoln


Who Can Participate

  • Dictatorship

    • Government not accountable to the people

      • Oldest most common form of government

    • Autocracy – single person holds unlimited power

    • Oligarchy – power to rule is held by few


Dictatorship

  • All are authoritarian – unchallenged by the people

    • May control every aspect of your life

    • Votes are often taken, but usually controlled

    • Legislative bodies exist

    • Typically militaristic in nature


Geographic Distribution of Power

  • Unitary Government – Central government

    • May distribute power to local governments

    • Can be unitary & democratic at the same time


  • Federal Government – power is divided between a central and several local govts.

    • Power above both creates a division of power, that neither can change alone

    • US – national and state governments


  • Confederate Government – alliance of independent states

    • Central government has limited power

      • Typically only to orchestrate a defense

        • Allows states to keep their identity


Legislative and Executive Branches

  • Presidential Government – separate powers of executive and legislative

    • Independent, but coequal

    • Can block each other out (checks)


  • Parliamentary Government – executive is from the parliament (prime minister)

    • Leader of the majority party

    • Remain in power until they lose support of the majority of the party

      • Lost of confidence

      • Parliament may as a whole go to the voters

      • Helps avoid deadlock


Comparing Presidential and Parliamentary Systems of Government

Presidential System

Parliamentary System

Voters

Voters

British Parliament

Prime Minister Gordon Brown

U.S. House of Representatives

President Barack Obama


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