Measuring emotions in an intergroup context and beyond
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 19

Measuring emotions in an intergroup context and beyond PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Measuring emotions in an intergroup context and beyond. Dr Roger Giner-Sorolla Department of Psychology. Presentation given at the Research Methods Festival, July 2008, Oxford, UK. Emotion research is interdisciplinary.

Download Presentation

Measuring emotions in an intergroup context and beyond

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Measuring emotions in an intergroup context and beyond

Measuring emotions in an intergroup context and beyond

Dr Roger Giner-Sorolla

Department of Psychology

Presentation given at the Research Methods Festival, July 2008, Oxford, UK

Emotion research is interdisciplinary

Emotion research is interdisciplinary

  • ISRE organization has members from psychology, sociology, anthropology, humanities, history …

  • “Affective revolutions” in economics, computing, law, art education …

  • Emotions are interesting and important

Only one small question

Only one small question

What is an emotion?

Emotion is a language culture category wierzbicka

“Emotion” is a language/culture category (Wierzbicka)

Other cultures (e.g., Ifaluk, studied by Lutz) divide mental phenomena in different ways

Even across the Channel … “emotion” vs. “sentiment” not observed in English

How does western english speaking culture characterize emotion

How does Western English-speaking culture characterize emotion?

Depends … lay or scientific definition?

Compact OED

Emotion • noun1 a strong feeling, such as joy or anger. 2 instinctive feeling as distinguished from reasoning or knowledge.

Psychology: over 50 definitions of emotion …

What is a cat

What is a cat?

4 legs,

has fur,

has tail …

What is an emotion

What is an emotion?

  • Like a cat, different modules or traits

  • Unlike a cat, no scientific consensus on which is the defining set of traits

What is not an emotion

What is not an emotion?

  • Even here there is controversy between lay and different scientific definitions

Emotion vs attitude evaluation

Emotion vs. attitude/evaluation

  • Emotions have specificity beyond positive or negative valence (fear vs. shame vs. anger vs. sadness)

Emotion vs mood

Emotion vs. mood

  • One scientific view: Emotions are responses to specific situations, unlike moods which are diffuse

  • BUT: Emotional feelings are not always identified with their source; can have carry-over effects; can be associated with objects (even irrationally)

Emotion vs belief

Emotion vs. belief

  • Emotions are not propositional, although they can be expressed in propositional language – “I am angry”; “This place is disgusting”

  • Beliefs can influence emotions (appraisal view); emotions can also influence beliefs (e.g. intuitive prosecutor research)

Emotion vs motivation

Emotion vs. motivation

  • View 1: Emotion is motivation

    Emotion -> behaviour

    (Lazarus; Scherer; Frijda’s action tendencies)

  • View 2: Emotion is a report on motivation

    Motive -> Behaviour -> success/failure -> emotion

    (Buck; Carver & Scheier)

Specific emotion vs core affect

Specific emotion vs. core affect

Russell & Barrett’s model

Is everything else besides core affect just language?

What is an emotion traits

What is an emotion? Traits

  • Feelings: subjective experience

    Impossible to measure directly

  • Language: terms describing subjective experience (or the other things below!)

  • Emotion concepts (tied to language or not?)

  • Facial expressions

  • Physiological changes: central nervous system, peripheral nervous system

  • Effects on thought, judgment, behaviour

  • Dependency on perception, interpretation of environment

Methods of emotion measurement

Methods of emotion measurement

  • Verbal self-report

  • Pictorial self-report

  • Interjections?

  • Facial expression coding

  • Physiological measures

  • Neurological measures

  • Implicit measures

Methods of emotion manipulation

Methods of emotion manipulation

  • Imagined scenarios

  • Recalled scenarios

  • Emotion priming: words, faces…

  • Environmental aspects

  • Social induction

  • Social contagion

  • Physiological induction

Pitfalls of emotion measurement and manipulation

Pitfalls of emotion measurement and manipulation

  • Language and emotion terms

  • Ambiguities in physiology

  • Context and referents

  • Emotion concept vs. emotion feeling

  • Emotion experience vs. emotion communication

  • Confounds in emotion manipulation

  • Limits of emotion manipulation

Traps of language

Traps of language

  • Specific languages

    • English: “anger”; “disgust”

  • Implicit assumptions in language

    • English: “irritable”; “disgusting”

Intergroup emotions an example

Intergroup emotions: an example

  • Anger, fear, and action tendencies

  • Login