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Achtung, Deutsch!. German! Watch out!. beer house mouse computer freak to flip out. = Bier = Haus = Maus = Computerfreak = ausflippen. German can be quite easy:. idiot it stinks shit weather forbidden. = Idiot = es stinkt = Schiet (northern German dialect), most used in

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Achtung deutsch

Achtung, Deutsch!

German! Watch out!


German can be quite easy

beer

house

mouse

computer freak

to flip out

= Bier

= Haus

= Maus

= Computerfreak

= ausflippen

Germancan be quite easy:


Similar spelling and similar pronunciation

idiot

it stinks

shit

weather

forbidden

= Idiot

= es stinkt

= Schiet

(northern German

dialect), most used in

„Schietwetter“

= Wetter

= verboten

similar spellingand similar pronunciation


More similar spelling and similar pronunciation

guest

bed

apple

cat

water

world

worm

= Gast

= Bett

= Apfel

= Katze

= Wasser

= Welt

= Wurm

more similar spelling and similar pronunciation


But watch out achtung
but watch out!!!!!! Achtung!

bad

to become

gift

eagle

≠ Bad (bath)

≠ bekommen (to get)

≠ Gift (poison)

≠ Igel (hedgehog)


So you better don t believe in what you believe it should mean
So you better don‘t believe in what you believe it should mean!

Der Igel bekommt Gift.

DOES NOT MEAN

The eagle becomes a gift.

IT MEANS

The hedgehog gets poison!!!!!!


More confusing stuff

(schlecht) mean! bad ≠

(Auge) eye ≠

(sehen) see ≠

(ernst) stern ≠

(Engel) angel ≠

(Dunst) mist ≠

(Rostschutz) preservative ≠

Bad (bath)

Ei (egg)

See (sea)

Stern (star)

Angel (fishing tackle)

Mist (dung, rubbish)

Präservative (condoms)

more confusing stuff


Another common source for misunderstanding

I will……sth. mean!

means:

„I‘m going to do sth. in the future.“

Ich will……etwas.

means:

„I strongly desire (wish or want) to do (or have) sth.“

another common source formisunderstanding


The different sound of the vowels

Rhabarbermarmelade a mean!

verregneter September e

oben ohne o

Kuddelmuddel u

keinerlei Einsicht ei

Infinitiv i,ie

Austausch au

neue Freunde eu

ärgerlicher Bär – ängstliche Lämmer ä

schöne Töne ö

Küchentücher ü

bar(rhubarb jam)

end(September spoiled by rain)

over(topless)

you(muddle, jumble)

my(no understanding at all)

bee(infinitive)

house (exchange)

loitering(new friends)

man(angry bear – scared lambs)

- (nice sounds)

-(kitchen tissues)

The different sound of the vowels:


You will not lean it in 21 minutes but nevertheless let s try the and
You will not lean it in 21 minutes but nevertheless mean!let‘s try the Ö and Ü

Form you mouth to an o and say ee

= Ö

Form the mouth to a u and say ee

= Ü

Example:

Füll den Müll nicht in die Frühstückstüte!

(Don‘t fill the rubbish in the breakfast bag)


Something more you should now about vowels

Meer mean!sounds like mehr

(ocean) (more)

Boot sounds like bot

(boat) (bid)

lehren sounds like leeren

(to teach) (to empty)

BUT

Weg doesn‘t sound like weg

Something more you should now about vowels:


Now to the consonants
now to the consonants mean!

We Germans like the ch:

Manch Schnarcher macht nachts Krach.

(Someone snoring makes noise at night.)


More consonants
more consonants mean!

Some words have 8 consonats in a row

like

*NGSTSCHR*

Angstschrei(scream of fear)


Triples
triples mean!

Schifffahrt = boat trip

Stofffetzen = piece of textil

Eisschnelllauf = ice scate race

Bassstimme = bass voice

Kennnummer = identity number


Triples1
triples mean!

Schifffahrt = Schiff-Fahrt = boat trip

Stofffetzen = Stoff-Fetzen = piece of textil

Eisschnelllauf = Eis-Schnell-Lauf = ice scate race

Bassstimme = Bass-Stimme = bass voice

Kennnummer = Kenn-Nummer = identity number

Here you can see how important it is to know which are

The parts of a word, so for example

Rüdesheim is Rüdes-Heim and NOT Rüde-Sheim!


Long words
long words mean!

Berechtigungsscheinabgabe

Dampfschifffahrtskapitän

Einkommensteuererklärung

Make up you own favourit longest word:

Austauschschülerfehlverhalten

(misbehaviour of exchange students)


Common abbreviations
common abbreviations mean!

z.B. zum Beispiel for example

z.Zt. zur Zeit right now

u.v.m. und vieles andere mehr and much more

etc. et cetera and so on

usw. und so weiter and so on

MfG mit freundlichen Grüßen Sincerly Yours

PKW Personenkraftwagen car

LKW Lastkraftwagen truck

AKW make a guess! ????????????


Common abbreviations1
common abbreviations mean!

z.B. zum Beispiel for example

z.Zt. zur Zeit right now

u.v.m. und vieles andere mehr and much more

etc. et cetera and so on

usw. und so weiter and so on

MfG mit freundlichen Grüßen Sincerely Yours

PKW Personenkraftwagen car

LKW Lastkraftwagen truck

AKW Atomkraftwerknuclear power plant


Der die das
Der Die Das mean!

the, the, the

the man der Mann (male)

the woman die Frau (female)

the girl das (!) Mädchen (neutal)

(sorry, girls!)

the sun (el sol) die Sonne

the moon (la luna) der Mond

….dont‘t ask my why!


More of it to make it more confusing
more of it to make it more confusing mean!

the woman die Frau

you remember die Frau (female)

Don‘t be desperate when you hear:

  • „Laß uns das Auto der Frau fahren!“

    (Let‘s take the car of the women!)

  • „Gib der Frau einen Kuß!

    (Give a kiss to the women!)

    That‘s grammar, so don‘t worry aboutder, die, das,

    Justgive it a try, most Germans will understand you!


Local dialects
local dialects mean!

Many names for one thing: (sweet) roll

Brötchen most common

Rundstück in Hamburg

Semmel in Bavaria

Schrippe in Berlin


Diminutions
diminutions mean!

chen and lein, or le or i

Schatz Schätzchen Schatzi/Schatzilein

Haus Häuschen / Häusle

Rose Röslein

Hans Hänschen (pronanciation!)(Jack)

Frau Fräulein

? Mädchen /Mädel

Biss bißchen (a little bit)

ein Bier ein Bierchen (to make a large beer sound small)


This is also german
This is also mean!German


S tterlin
Sütterlin mean!

What is that? The Sütterlin Alphabet

A common used German handwriting

in the first half of the last century, also called

„Preußische Kanzeleischrift“ –

„Prussian chancellery script“.

The modern fonds often ignore the 2 different „s“

The „middle-s“ and the „end-s“.

The „middel-s“ and the z made the ß,

An endangerd German speciality for sure.


Documents in s tterlin
documents in Sütterlin mean!

developed 1911, official writing from 1915-41, after WWII taught at schools till the mid-70s


The is not a b
the ß is not a B mean!

ß is used like ss behind long vowels

Straße (street)

Floß (raft)

Stoß (a push)

In capitals we Germans have a problem:

STRASSE or STRAßE ? But not STRABE!

Like MASSE or MAßE or MASZE

(there is a short-A Masse as well). Oh well…


Different keyboards
Different keyboards mean!

The American and English keyboard layout is

different from the German layout – most significant is the

different position of the Z and Y, the additional ß, ü, ö and ä


Gro oder klein
groß oder klein mean!

The rule:

The beginning of a sentence, nouns and names

are written with a capital first letter, and so is

the formal you : Du, Dir and Dein…

as well as you (plural)Ihr, ihr

because it can mean „you (pl.)“ or „their“ :

„Ihr habt ihr Auto benutzt.“You have used their car.

„Ihr habt Ihr Auto benutzt.“ You have used your car.


To relax some fremdworte
to relax some „Fremdworte“ mean!

flatrate/happy hour/roastbeef/servicepoint

are used in Germany.

In ads English is used frequently like

„Come in and find out“ for a drugstore.

Do most Germans understand it? NO!

A research showed, most people thought it

meant:

„Walk in and try to find your way out!....“


To relax more fremdworte
to relax more „Fremdworte“ mean!

to download downloaden

to zip zippen

to email emailen

to upgrade upgraden

ich upgrade

du upgradest

er upgradet

wir upgraden

ihr upgradet

sie upgraden

That‘s how you conjugate the regular verbs…


Irregular verbs
irregular verbs mean!

The 80 (!) most common irregular verbs are

listed in the smart and handy

„Verb-Fix Deutsch“ – Ideal zum Üben

(perfect for excercizing)

a MUST for everybody‘s wallet!!!!


An example
an example mean!

brechen to break (or to vomit)

ich breche ich brach ich habe gebrochen

I break I broke I have broken

The vowel is changing.

Don‘t wait for rules – just learn it by heart!


Verbs with extensions
verbs with extensions mean!

anhalten to stop

ich halte an I stop

ich hielt an I stopped

ich habe angehalten I have stopped

Es ist besser It is better to stop

anzuhalten


Numbers
numbers mean!

1.000 how much is it?


Numbers1
numbers mean!

1.000 how much is it?

One thousand in Germany!

One in the USA?

1,234,567.89 $

1.234.567,89 €

See the difference!


More about numbers
more about numbers mean!

How much are 1,000 x 1,000,000?

( one thousand times one million)


More confusing differences
more confusing differences mean!

1,000 x 1,000,000 =

In Gemany: 1 Milliarden

In the USA: 1 US billion

1 German Billion equals 1 US trillion….

(Talking about national depth,

What difference does one or three 0 make?


Another avoidable trap
another avoidable trap mean!

7890 / 1890

Which year is it?


How to write numbers
how to write numbers mean!

1234567890 USA

1234567890 Germany

7890 = 7890

See the difference?


Date and time
date and time mean!

September 22nd, 2007 or 22-09-2007

22. September 2007 or 22.09.07

But at what time?


What time is it
what time is it? mean!

Best time for „Kaffe und Kuchen“ (tea time):

15.30 Uhr or „ ½ 4“, 15.25 Uhr could be „ 5 vor ½ 4“!

15.45 Uhr can be called „3/4 4“ or „1/4 vor 4“ (nachmittags).

So pay attention if you are invited at 17 Uhr or 7 Uhr !


Liters and kilometers vs gallon and miles
liters and kilometers vs. gallon and miles mean!

Don‘t bother that 1 liter is 0.2642 US gallons,

1 liter is (10x10x10 cm)= 1,000 ccm water,

but too bad you count in inches and miles, so

„ein Viertele“ ¼ liter vine = 15.25 cubic inches

Sometimes we Germans do use inches as well:

For example the diameter of pipes for plumbing is

measured in inches (Zoll).


° mean!C

Temperature converting is easy: 1 °F = 5/9 °C

Freezing point is 32 °F = 0 °C

It is 17 °Cin Bad Hersfeld today.

How cold is it in °F ????????


° mean!C

17°C /5*9+32 = 62.6 °F

Baking sth. in Germany at 500 °F ?

500 °F/9*5 – 32 = 248 °C

That makes sense!


Something to learn by heart
Something to learn by heart: mean!

Danke

Bitte

gern geschehen

Ja/Nein

Ich weiß nicht

Entschuldigung

Guten Appetit!

Guten Morgen!

Guten Tag!

Guten Abend!

Gute Nacht!

Auf Wiedersehen!

Bis bald!

Tschüß/ Servus

Ich hab‘ Dich (Euch) lieb!

thank you

please

you‘re welcome

yes/no

I don‘t know

excuse me

enjoy your meal

good morning

Hello

Hello

Good night

Good bye

See you soon

Bye bye

I love you (all)!


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