Achtung deutsch
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Achtung, Deutsch!. German! Watch out!. beer house mouse computer freak to flip out. = Bier = Haus = Maus = Computerfreak = ausflippen. German can be quite easy:. idiot it stinks shit weather forbidden. = Idiot = es stinkt = Schiet (northern German dialect), most used in

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Achtung, Deutsch!

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Achtung deutsch

Achtung, Deutsch!

German! Watch out!


German can be quite easy

beer

house

mouse

computer freak

to flip out

= Bier

= Haus

= Maus

= Computerfreak

= ausflippen

Germancan be quite easy:


Similar spelling and similar pronunciation

idiot

it stinks

shit

weather

forbidden

= Idiot

= es stinkt

= Schiet

(northern German

dialect), most used in

„Schietwetter“

= Wetter

= verboten

similar spellingand similar pronunciation


More similar spelling and similar pronunciation

guest

bed

apple

cat

water

world

worm

= Gast

= Bett

= Apfel

= Katze

= Wasser

= Welt

= Wurm

more similar spelling and similar pronunciation


But watch out achtung

but watch out!!!!!! Achtung!

bad

to become

gift

eagle

≠ Bad (bath)

≠ bekommen (to get)

≠ Gift (poison)

≠ Igel (hedgehog)


So you better don t believe in what you believe it should mean

So you better don‘t believe in what you believe it should mean!

Der Igel bekommt Gift.

DOES NOT MEAN

The eagle becomes a gift.

IT MEANS

The hedgehog gets poison!!!!!!


More confusing stuff

(schlecht) bad ≠

(Auge) eye ≠

(sehen) see ≠

(ernst) stern ≠

(Engel) angel ≠

(Dunst) mist ≠

(Rostschutz) preservative ≠

Bad (bath)

Ei (egg)

See (sea)

Stern (star)

Angel (fishing tackle)

Mist (dung, rubbish)

Präservative (condoms)

more confusing stuff


Another common source for misunderstanding

I will……sth.

means:

„I‘m going to do sth. in the future.“

Ich will……etwas.

means:

„I strongly desire (wish or want) to do (or have) sth.“

another common source formisunderstanding


The different sound of the vowels

Rhabarbermarmelade a

verregneter September e

oben ohne o

Kuddelmuddel u

keinerlei Einsicht ei

Infinitiv i,ie

Austausch au

neue Freunde eu

ärgerlicher Bär – ängstliche Lämmer ä

schöne Töne ö

Küchentücher ü

bar(rhubarb jam)

end(September spoiled by rain)

over(topless)

you(muddle, jumble)

my(no understanding at all)

bee(infinitive)

house(exchange)

loitering(new friends)

man(angry bear – scared lambs)

-(nice sounds)

-(kitchen tissues)

The different sound of the vowels:


You will not lean it in 21 minutes but nevertheless let s try the and

You will not lean it in 21 minutes but nevertheless let‘s try the Ö and Ü

Form you mouth to an o and say ee

= Ö

Form the mouth to a u and say ee

= Ü

Example:

Füll den Müll nicht in die Frühstückstüte!

(Don‘t fill the rubbish in the breakfast bag)


Something more you should now about vowels

Meer sounds likemehr

(ocean)(more)

Bootsounds likebot

(boat)(bid)

lehrensounds like leeren

(to teach)(to empty)

BUT

Wegdoesn‘t sound like weg

Something more you should now about vowels:


Now to the consonants

now to the consonants

We Germans like the ch:

Manch Schnarcher macht nachts Krach.

(Someone snoring makes noise at night.)


More consonants

more consonants

Some words have 8 consonats in a row

like

*NGSTSCHR*

Angstschrei(scream of fear)


Triples

triples

Schifffahrt = boat trip

Stofffetzen = piece of textil

Eisschnelllauf = ice scate race

Bassstimme= bass voice

Kennnummer= identity number


Triples1

triples

Schifffahrt = Schiff-Fahrt = boat trip

Stofffetzen = Stoff-Fetzen= piece of textil

Eisschnelllauf = Eis-Schnell-Lauf = ice scate race

Bassstimme= Bass-Stimme= bass voice

Kennnummer= Kenn-Nummer= identity number

Here you can see how important it is to know which are

The parts of a word, so for example

Rüdesheim is Rüdes-Heim and NOT Rüde-Sheim!


Long words

long words

Berechtigungsscheinabgabe

Dampfschifffahrtskapitän

Einkommensteuererklärung

Make up you own favourit longest word:

Austauschschülerfehlverhalten

(misbehaviour of exchange students)


Common abbreviations

common abbreviations

z.B.zum Beispielfor example

z.Zt.zur Zeitright now

u.v.m.und vieles andere mehrand much more

etc.et ceteraand so on

usw.und so weiterand so on

MfGmit freundlichen GrüßenSincerly Yours

PKWPersonenkraftwagencar

LKWLastkraftwagentruck

AKWmake a guess!????????????


Common abbreviations1

common abbreviations

z.B.zum Beispielfor example

z.Zt.zur Zeitright now

u.v.m.und vieles andere mehrand much more

etc.et ceteraand so on

usw.und so weiterand so on

MfGmit freundlichen GrüßenSincerely Yours

PKWPersonenkraftwagencar

LKWLastkraftwagentruck

AKWAtomkraftwerknuclear power plant


Der die das

Der Die Das

the, the, the

the mander Mann (male)

the womandie Frau (female)

the girldas (!) Mädchen (neutal)

(sorry, girls!)

the sun (el sol)die Sonne

the moon (la luna)der Mond

….dont‘t ask my why!


More of it to make it more confusing

more of it to make it more confusing

the womandie Frau

you rememberdie Frau (female)

Don‘t be desperate when you hear:

  • „Laß uns das Auto der Frau fahren!“

    (Let‘s take the car of the women!)

  • „Gib der Frau einen Kuß!

    (Give a kiss to the women!)

    That‘s grammar, so don‘t worry aboutder, die, das,

    Justgive it a try, most Germans will understand you!


Local dialects

local dialects

Many names for one thing: (sweet) roll

Brötchenmost common

Rundstückin Hamburg

Semmelin Bavaria

Schrippein Berlin


Diminutions

diminutions

chen and lein,or le or i

SchatzSchätzchenSchatzi/Schatzilein

HausHäuschen / Häusle

RoseRöslein

HansHänschen (pronanciation!)(Jack)

FrauFräulein

?Mädchen /Mädel

Bissbißchen(a little bit)

ein Bierein Bierchen (to make a large beer sound small)


This is also german

This is also German


S tterlin

Sütterlin

What is that? The Sütterlin Alphabet

A common used German handwriting

in the first half of the last century, also called

„Preußische Kanzeleischrift“ –

„Prussian chancellery script“.

The modern fonds often ignore the 2 different „s“

The „middle-s“ and the „end-s“.

The „middel-s“ and the z made the ß,

An endangerd German speciality for sure.


Documents in s tterlin

documents in Sütterlin

developed 1911, official writing from 1915-41, after WWII taught at schools till the mid-70s


The is not a b

the ß is not a B

ß is used like ss behind long vowels

Straße(street)

Floß(raft)

Stoß(a push)

In capitals we Germans have a problem:

STRASSE or STRAßE ? But not STRABE!

Like MASSE or MAßE or MASZE

(there is a short-A Masse as well). Oh well…


Different keyboards

Different keyboards

The American and English keyboard layout is

different from the German layout – most significant is the

different position of the Z and Y, the additional ß, ü, ö and ä


Gro oder klein

groß oder klein

The rule:

The beginning of a sentence, nouns and names

are written with a capital first letter, and so is

the formal you : Du, Dir and Dein…

as well as you (plural)Ihr, ihr

because it can mean „you (pl.)“ or „their“ :

„Ihr habt ihr Auto benutzt.“You have used their car.

„Ihr habt Ihr Auto benutzt.“You have used your car.


To relax some fremdworte

to relax some „Fremdworte“

flatrate/happy hour/roastbeef/servicepoint

are used in Germany.

In ads English is used frequently like

„Come in and find out“ for a drugstore.

Do most Germans understand it?NO!

A research showed, most people thought it

meant:

„Walk in and try to find your way out!....“


To relax more fremdworte

to relax more „Fremdworte“

to downloaddownloaden

to zipzippen

to emailemailen

to upgradeupgraden

ich upgrade

du upgradest

er upgradet

wir upgraden

ihr upgradet

sie upgraden

That‘s how you conjugate the regular verbs…


Irregular verbs

irregular verbs

The 80 (!) most common irregular verbs are

listed in the smart and handy

„Verb-Fix Deutsch“ – Ideal zum Üben

(perfect for excercizing)

a MUST for everybody‘s wallet!!!!


An example

an example

brechen to break (or to vomit)

ich breche ich brach ich habe gebrochen

I break I broke I have broken

The vowel is changing.

Don‘t wait for rules – just learn it by heart!


Verbs with extensions

verbs with extensions

anhaltento stop

ich halte anI stop

ich hielt anI stopped

ich habe angehaltenI have stopped

Es ist besserIt is better to stop

anzuhalten


Numbers

numbers

1.000how much is it?


Numbers1

numbers

1.000how much is it?

One thousand in Germany!

One in the USA?

1,234,567.89 $

1.234.567,89 €

See the difference!


More about numbers

more about numbers

How much are 1,000 x 1,000,000?

( one thousand times one million)


More confusing differences

more confusing differences

1,000 x 1,000,000 =

In Gemany:1 Milliarden

In the USA:1 US billion

1 German Billion equals 1 US trillion….

(Talking about national depth,

What difference does one or three 0 make?


Another avoidable trap

another avoidable trap

7890 / 1890

Which year is it?


How to write numbers

how to write numbers

1234567890 USA

1234567890 Germany

7890 = 7890

See the difference?


Date and time

date and time

September 22nd, 2007 or 22-09-2007

22. September 2007 or 22.09.07

But at what time?


What time is it

what time is it?

Best time for „Kaffe und Kuchen“ (tea time):

15.30 Uhr or „ ½ 4“, 15.25 Uhr could be „ 5 vor ½ 4“!

15.45 Uhr can be called „3/4 4“ or „1/4 vor 4“ (nachmittags).

So pay attention if you are invited at 17 Uhr or 7 Uhr !


Liters and kilometers vs gallon and miles

liters and kilometers vs. gallon and miles

Don‘t bother that 1 liter is 0.2642 US gallons,

1 liter is (10x10x10 cm)= 1,000 ccm water,

but too bad you count in inches and miles, so

„ein Viertele“ ¼ liter vine = 15.25 cubic inches

Sometimes we Germans do use inches as well:

For example the diameter of pipes for plumbing is

measured in inches (Zoll).


Achtung deutsch

°C

Temperature converting is easy: 1 °F = 5/9 °C

Freezing point is 32 °F = 0 °C

It is 17 °Cin Bad Hersfeld today.

How cold is it in °F ????????


Achtung deutsch

°C

17°C /5*9+32= 62.6 °F

Baking sth. in Germany at 500 °F ?

500 °F/9*5 – 32=248 °C

That makes sense!


Something to learn by heart

Something to learn by heart:

Danke

Bitte

gern geschehen

Ja/Nein

Ich weiß nicht

Entschuldigung

Guten Appetit!

Guten Morgen!

Guten Tag!

Guten Abend!

Gute Nacht!

Auf Wiedersehen!

Bis bald!

Tschüß/ Servus

Ich hab‘ Dich (Euch) lieb!

thank you

please

you‘re welcome

yes/no

I don‘t know

excuse me

enjoy your meal

good morning

Hello

Hello

Good night

Good bye

See you soon

Bye bye

I love you (all)!


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