Equal education in practice
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Equal Education in Practice!. Aims for this introduction:. Background information on immigrant children in Norway, integration and learning outcome Language support policies and curriculum development for immigrant children. Increased cultural diversity .

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Equal Education in Practice!

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Equal Education in Practice!


Aims for this introduction:

  • Background information on immigrant children in Norway, integration and learning outcome

  • Language support policies and curriculum development for immigrant children


Increased cultural diversity

  • Linguistic and cultural diversity is increasing

  • Linguistic minority children provide vital resources

  • The education system should take care of this diversity

  • Kindergartens, schools and other educational institutions are vital in the work of securing inclusion and participation by linguistic minorities

  • Immigrants in all 434 municipalities


Immigrant children: Pre-school

  • An increased participation of immigrant children in kindergarten

  • Since year 2000 the number has doubled

  • Lower proportion of immigrant children in kindergartens compared to the majority population

  • Kindergarten has proved to be crucial as Norwegian language stimulation


Language in school

  • 120 different languages represented in primary and lower secondary school

  • 40 000 pupils receive special teaching in Norwegian

  • 22 100 pupils receive mother thong teaching and/or bilingual subject teaching


Learning outcome

  • First generation immigrant pupils have lower score than second generation and majority pupils (national tests 2007)

  • The last PISA results confirm this; pupils with immigrant background perform significantly lower than majority pupils

  • However, minority pupils spend more time on homework and are more motivated for learning than majority pupils


Equal Education in Practice!2007-2009

  • The strategy has

    been effective since

    2004

  • Revised version

    2007

  • Also published in English


Strategic plan: Goals for linguistic minorities

  • Improve language skills among pre-school children

  • Improve the school performance in primary and secondary education and training

  • Increase the proportion who commence and complete upper secondary education and training

  • Increase the proportion students in higher education and improve opportunities for completing education

  • Improve Norwegian language proficiency among adults to increase opportunities for education and active participation in work and society


38 concrete measures

  • Language training

  • Early efforts in kindergarten, maternal and child health centre and primary school

  • Improve the training

    in Norwegian


Language support policies and curriculum development for immigrant children

Old curriculum did not work according to intentions

-no platform for transition to ordinary curriculum in Norwegian

-many students continued special teaching throughout school attendance

-lack of competence among teachers

-no standardized assessment procedures to clarify the pupils’ level of knowledge


New curricula in basic Norwegian for linguistic minorities and in native languagesbased on levels

  • A new curriculum for basic Norwegian for linguistic minorities has replaced the curriculum in Norwegian as a second language

  • A new curriculum in native languages

  • Level based subject curriculum in basic Norwegian and native languages are based on the European Framework for Foreign Languages

  • No grade assessment

  • Goal: As soon as possible learn sufficient Norwegian to follow ordinary curricula


New curricula cont.

  • A standardised assessment tool

  • Guidance material for teachers in basic Norwegian

  • Post-qualifying courses developed for teachers in basic Norwegian

  • The implementation of the new curricula will be evaluated over a period of 3 years

  • Guidance material for teachers in native languages will be introduced


New curricula cont.

  • However, still some issues to be solved:

    - lack of grade assessment is a problem for

    pupils who arrive to Norway as youths

    - Adults who attend primary /secondary education on a short period of time

    Strengthening rights

    -Introduced the right to Special language education in upper secondary school

    -Proposed bill: compulsory language assessment of children with low Norwegian skills

    -Will propose a bill: right to until to years extra in upper - secondary education for pupils with low Norwegian skills


The idea of inclusion

  • Universal rights and measures /see cultural diversity as part of the ordinary

  • In combination with targeted measures

  • Everyone attend public school

  • Diversity as a resource

  • Intensify the work to improve the quality of education

  • Increased emphasis on basic skills

  • White Paper: Quality in Education

  • White Paper: Language Build Bridges

  • Committee for equal education for linguistic minorities in kindergarten, school and higher education


Concluding remarks:

  • New policy, legislation and measures are being implemented

  • Research is being done to learn from new measures

  • Too early to conclude on the results

  • The issue of learning outcome and inclusion has a high priority for the Norwegian government


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