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Growth & Development Unit Four: Parenting - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Growth & Development Unit Four: Parenting. P.I.E.S + M -- Physical, Intellectual, Emotional, Social and Moral Development. Physical Growth & Development. Involves the actual growth of all body tissues Bones, muscles, organs and body systems become bigger and able to

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Growth & Development Unit Four: Parenting

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Growth & DevelopmentUnit Four: Parenting

P.I.E.S + M -- Physical, Intellectual, Emotional, Social and Moral Development

Physical Growth & Development

  • Involves the actual growth of all body tissues

  • Bones, muscles, organs and body

    systems become bigger and able to

    perform more complex actions

  • Fine motor skills – based on the growth of small muscles (fingers)

  • Gross motor skills – based on the

    growth of large muscles (legs & arms)

Intellectual Growth & Development

  • Learning depends on brain growth and stimulation of the brain and central nervous system by the five senses

  • Brain growth during

    the earliest years of life

    is critical to cognitive

    development (ability to

    understand and learn)

Emotional Growth & Development

  • Emotional development is the process of developing positive feelings about oneself, family, friends and the world.

  • Every child is born with a temperament (sensitive, placid, aggressive)

  • Children need to develop a full range of feelings and learn to handle the feelings appropriately

Social Development

  • Social development progresses from being completely self-centered and dependent as an infant to becoming an independent adult

  • Mature social skills include being able to make and keep friends, form intimate relationships, get along with others, function as an individual and as part of a team.

Social Development…con’t

  • Social development depends a lot on the relationship (attachment) that is formed with the child’s primary care providers

Moral Development

  • Process of learning right from wrong

  • Caring behaviour is rooted in biology (we are wired to be caring)

  • Nurturing environment encourages moral behaviour

Parents need to be nurturing for best development

  • Healthy and positive human growth and development depend on nurturing relationships.

  • Nurturing relationships include three (3) elements:

    • Comfort

    • Play

    • Teach


  • Children may become frustrated, anxious or overwhelmed

  • Parents/caregiver must use appropriate response to help the child

  • Gentle rocking and soothing are appropriate for infant/toddler

  • Calming words may be more

    appropriate for older children


  • Play exercises a growing body and mind

  • Provides a way to express emotions and develop socially

  • Parents/caregivers who play with children contribute to the child’s development while strengthening their relationship


  • Teaching provides children with the “know-how” to accomplish important tasks

  • Ex: A parent can teach a child to climb the stairs safely

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