Aristotle (384-322 BCE): What is Virtue?. PHIL 1003 Semester I 2009-10. Hierarchy. Central idea to ethics and politics of both Plato and Aristotle. Slaves vs Citizens: Plato and Aristotle. Low vs High music Application of idea of hierarchy Logocentrism of higher classes.
Semester I 2009-10
Central idea to ethics and politics of both Plato and Aristotle.
Low vs High music
Application of idea of hierarchy
Logocentrism of higher classes
School of Athens by Raphael (16th cent.)
Plato pointing at sky,
Aristotle at earth.
Soul: 3 pts:
Society: 3 pts:
Soul: 2 pts:
Society: 2 pts:
rulers (rotation among citizens)
ruled: citizens and othersWhat Plato and Aristotle share: soul-society analogy
These ideas still used in the 17th century by Descartes.
What is unique to man is reasoning ability and his highest good/goal/telos is to exercise that ability in action.
Plants and animals have different goals than man because they have different natures/souls.
the soul’s activity that expresses virtue’ (NE, 1098a20)
You must become virtuous.