Aristotle (384-322 BCE): What is Virtue?. PHIL 1003 Semester I 2009-10. Hierarchy. Central idea to ethics and politics of both Plato and Aristotle. Slaves vs Citizens: Plato and Aristotle. Low vs High music Application of idea of hierarchy Logocentrism of higher classes.
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Aristotle (384-322 BCE):What is Virtue?
Semester I 2009-10
Central idea to ethics and politics of both Plato and Aristotle.
Slaves vs Citizens:Plato and Aristotle
Low vs High music
Application of idea of hierarchy
Logocentrism of higher classes
A word about democracy
School of Athens by Raphael (16th cent.)
What this picture illustrates
Plato pointing at sky,
Aristotle at earth.
Soul: 3 pts:
Society: 3 pts:
Soul: 2 pts:
Society: 2 pts:
rulers (rotation among citizens)
ruled: citizens and others
These ideas still used in the 17th century by Descartes.
What is unique to man is reasoning ability and his highest good/goal/telos is to exercise that ability in action.
Plants and animals have different goals than man because they have different natures/souls.
‘…the human good turns out to be…
the soul’s activity that expresses virtue’ (NE, 1098a20)
You are not born virtuous;
You must become virtuous.