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Radio Waves. Main task Investigate radio emissions of magnetospheric and atmospheric processes with ground- and space-based radio antennas including calibration of the antenna systems Main research topics

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Radio waves
Radio Waves

Main task

  • Investigate radio emissions of magnetospheric and atmospheric processes with ground- and space-based radio antennas including calibration of the antenna systems

    Main research topics

    • Calibration of antennas on spacecraft by numerical simulations, rheometry, anechoic chamber measurements, and in-flight

    • Radiophysics of magnetized planets and the Sun: Solar radio emissions, Auroral kilometric radiation (AKR) at Earth, Jovian hectometric (HOM) and decametric (DAM) emission, Saturn kilometric radiation (SKR) and narrowband emissions

    • Radio emissions from lightning on planets with focus on Saturn

      Refereed publications (since Jan 2013)

    • Total: 12 (first author: 2)

      Educational activities (since Jan 2013)

    • 1 completed master thesis

    • 1 ongoing doctoral thesis


Who are we
Who are we?

Lead: Georg Fischer

  • Staff: M. Boudjada, M. Kapper (50%), J. Pagaran, M. Panchenko, (M. Sampl left, H.O. Rucker retired)

  • Students: PhD: C. Weber;Master: G. Rief (thesis completed)

    Cooperation within IWF

  • Exoplanetary radio emissions (Lammer et al., Khodachenko et al.)

  • Auroral and magnetospheric processes(Nakamura et al.)

  • Instrument developers (Steller et al.), Solar Orbiter RPW

    Key external collaboration

    USA: Dept. of Physics & Astronomy/Univ. of Iowa, Caltech Pasadena, Hampton Univ., NASA-GSFC; France: LESIA Meudon, LATMOS CNRS Guyancourt; Germany: Univ. Dresden, Astrophysical Inst. Potsdam; Ukraine: Inst. for Radio Astronomy; Russia: Inst. of Applied Physics/RAS; Sweden: Swedish Inst. of Space Physics


Anechoic chamber measurements
Anechoic Chamber Measurements

  • Solar Orbiter hardware model 1:50 for anechoic chamber measurements of RPW antenna system

  • Measurements of antenna pattern from 8-20 MHz (400-1000 MHz in chamber) and antenna S-parameters

  • Construction of a corresponding pre-amplifier for model

  • Numerical computer simulations with FEKO to gain surface currents on patch model, calculate antenna parameters (effective lengths, impedances), modeling of antenna heating circuit& influence of radii, comparison with anechoic chamber results

  • Solar Orbiter launch planned for Jan 2017


In flight calibration of stereo waves
In-flight Calibration of STEREO/WAVES

  • Effective length vectors were determined using the terrestrial AKR observed in early stage of STEREO mission during roll maneuvers

  • Least squares method combined with a genetic algorithm was applied to fit the best physical model to the observations

  • Accurate results confirm the results of rheometry(experimental method with model in electrolytic tank) and numerical wire-grid simulation

  • Our effective length vectors are recommended as a basis for future evaluation of SWAVES data (direction-finding & polarization)

STEREO configuration (upper left), dynamic spectra of AKR recorded by STEREO-B during roll maneuvers (lower left) and modeled signals (red lines) compared to observations (right) [Panchenko et al., 2014]


Jovian r adio emissions
Jovian Radio Emissions

  • Periodic bursts of non-Io DAM:

  • Period ~10.07 h (~1.5% longer than Jupiter System III rotation)

  • Correlation with solar wind

  • Possible origin: interchange instability in the Io plasma torus triggered by solar wind pulses

  • Investigation of Io plasma torus:

  • Occultation of hectometric emission

  • Radio remote sensing of Io plasma ribbon & estimation of electron density

  • Study of local time dependence

STEREO Waves and Cassini RPWS spectra of Jovian periodic bursts [Panchenko et al., 2013]


Ground based radio observations
Ground-Based Radio Observations

  • Detection of periodic Jovian bursts from the ground

  • Simultaneous long lasting observations using STEREO/WAVES and the ground-based radio telescope URAN-2 (Poltava, Ukraine)

  • Non-Io DAM periodic bursts observed up to 25 MHz with resolution of fine structures

  • Bursts observed with LH & RH circular polarization components from both hemispheres

  • Detection of Saturn lightning from the ground

  • First ground-based detection of Saturn lightning with UTR-2 radio telescope (ON-OFF beams)

  • Good agreement with Cassini/RPWS lightning observations despite radio interferences

  • High temporal resolution observations indicate similar structures of Saturn lightning to terrestrial intracloud lightning

[Konovalenko et al., 2013]


Evolution of the great white spot
Evolution of the Great White Spot

  • GWS (Great White Spot) is a large scale disturbance in Saturn’s atmosphere (a giant thunderstorm, where we detect lightning radio emissions with the Cassini RPWS instrument)

  • Lightning flashes detected from 5 Dec. 2010 to 28 Aug. 2011

  • Five GWS events in history: 1876, 1903, 1933, 1960, 1990

  • GWS consists of head (~10,000 km in latitude, lightning activity with rate ~10 s-1), and tail (300,000 km around Saturn)

  • Head spawned anticyclonic vortices and flashes were optically observed in blue light on dayside (in cyclonic gaps)

  • Large anticyclonic vortex (AV) collided with head in mid-June 2011 leading to decrease in flash rate and final demise

  • Total lightning power: 1013 W, Storm total power: 1017 W

[Dyudina et al., 2013]


Future plans 2015 2018
Future Plans: 2015-2018

  • Antenna calibration

  • Antenna optimization studies for RPWI of JUICE

  • Solar Orbiter antenna calibration with rheometry

  • Solar & planetary radio emissions

  • Stereoscopic space- and ground-based observations of Jovian DAM and Solar radio emissions (Stereo WAVES, Juno, Solar Orbiter)

  • Ground-based radio observations (UTR-2, NenuFAR, LOFAR) with search for exoplanetary radio emissions

  • Long-term behavior of Saturn kilometric radiation and narrowband radio emissions (Cassini RPWS)

  • Lightning radio emissions

  • Continued analysis of Saturn lightning

  • Radio Wave Group has Co-I ships of Cassini/RPWS, Stereo WAVES, Solar Orbiter RPW and JUICE RPWI (data access)


Thank you
Thank you