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Under the Sui, Tang, & Song Dynasties PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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China. Under the Sui, Tang, & Song Dynasties. Chapter 12, Sect. 1. Han Dynasty Collapses. Between 200 and 300 AD the great Han Dynasty collapses Huns & other nomadic invaders take over large sections of Central Asia No Emperor or single gov’t. able to control China.

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Under the Sui, Tang, & Song Dynasties

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Under the sui tang song dynasties

China

Under the

Sui, Tang, & Song

Dynasties

Chapter 12, Sect. 1


Under the sui tang song dynasties

Han Dynasty Collapses

  • Between 200 and 300 AD the great

  • Han Dynasty collapses

  • Huns & other nomadic invaders take over

  • large sections of Central Asia

  • No Emperor or single gov’t. able to control

  • China

Chapter 12, Sect. 1


Under the sui tang song dynasties

Sui Dynasty

  • Sui Wendi succeeded in reuniting China

  • Ruled from 589 – 618

  • Northern & southern China linked by Grand Canal

  • Over extended resources

  • Were defeated in Manchuria & North Korea

  • Defeated by Turks from Central Asia in 615

  • Were overthrown in 618

Chapter 12, Sect. 1


Under the sui tang song dynasties

Tang Dynasty (618-907)

Expansion- defeated the Turks, extended China’s boundaries

further west than ever before

Established capital

at Chang-an (roughly

2 million people)

Chapter 12, Sect. 1


Under the sui tang song dynasties

Tang Dynasty (618-907)

  • Like the Han Dynasty, provided a “Golden Age” for China

  • Literature – Numerous poets (2300 known)

  • Li Bo (Daoist) writings happy, light, upbeat

  • Du Fu serious, solemn, concern for suffering & human tragedy

  • Religion – predominantly Buddhist, most famous sect was Zen – Buddhist became rich, gov’t felt threatened – gov’t. officials re-introduced Confucianism (order, obeying elders & gov’t., filial piety)

Chapter 12, Sect. 1


Under the sui tang song dynasties

Song Dynasty (960-1279)

Chapter 12, Sect. 1


Under the sui tang song dynasties

Song Dynasty (960-1279)

Chapter 12, Sect. 1


Under the sui tang song dynasties

Song Dynasty (960-1279)

  • Achievements

    • Took careful census (population counts)

    • Civil service continued & improved

    • Block printing (w/movable type) developed to make copies of Confucian & Buddhist texts (DiamondSutra)

    • Porcelain, mechanical clocks, paper money & gunpowder developed for warfare

    • Magnetic Compass

    • Foreign Trade expanded

    • Agricultural technology improved (better irrigation, hybrid rice, introduction of Tea)

    • Development of huge cities as cultural & trade centers

Chapter 12, Sect. 1


Under the sui tang song dynasties

The Mongols

Chapter 12, Sect. 2


Under the sui tang song dynasties

The Mongols

  • Inhabited area north of China, now called Mongolia

  • Superb horseman

  • Use of special saddle & iron stirrups allowed accurate archery

  • Tactics well suited for open plains of Central Asia

  • As well as siege tactics using siege weapons

  • Nomadic lifestyle encouraged cultural diffusion

Chapter 12, Sect. 2


Under the sui tang song dynasties

The Mongols

  • CONQUESTS:

  • Genghis Khan captures Chinese city now called Beijing

  • Central Asia & most of Persia

  • Grandson Kublai Khan captures rest of China, Tibet,

    some of Southeast Asia

  • Grandson Batu conquers Russia, parts of Hungary & Poland

  • SEE PAGE 284 – Mongol Empire, 1294

Chapter 12, Sect. 2


Under the sui tang song dynasties

The Mongols

  • From mid 1200’s to mid 1300’s period known

    as the “Mongol Peace”

  • Capital city for Genghis Khan - Karakoram

  • Grandson Kublai Khan – Given the title “Great Khan”

  • Grandson Kublai Khan– begins Yuan Dynasty

  • In China Mongols became the ruling class, while

    Chinese were employed to run day-to-day operations

  • Eventually due to weak rulers after the Great Khan,

    the Yuan Dynasty was overthrown & China was again

    ruled by Chinese

Chapter 12, Sect. 2


Under the sui tang song dynasties

Genghis Khan was title meaning – “Universal Ruler”

Chapter 12, Sect. 2


Under the sui tang song dynasties

Chapter 12, Sect. 2


Feudal japan

Feudal Japan

Chapter 12, Sect. 3


Under the sui tang song dynasties

Social Classes in Ancient Japan

The Feudal System in Japan

Emperor (Divine Ruler)

Shogun (Military Ruler)

Daimyo(Large Landowners)

Samurai (warriors)

Peasants (3/4ths of the population)

Artisans

Merchants

Chapter 12, Sect. 3


Heian period 794 1185ad

Heian Period:(794-1185AD)

Chapter 12, Sect. 3


Heian period 794 1185ad1

Heian Period:(794-1185AD)

  • Background

    • Japan’s “Golden Age”

    • Daimyo gained more land from the emperor

    • People practiced Shintoism (mix of nature & ancestor worship)

    • Emperors claimed to descend from the Yamato Clan and the Sun God

Chapter 12, Sect. 3


Under the sui tang song dynasties

Heian Period (794-1185AD)

  • Achievements

    • Arts & literature flourished

    • Efficient tax system established

    • Lady Murasaki wrote “The Tale of Genji” (world’s 1st novel)

  • Chinese Influence

    • Close location to China allowed for cultural diffusion

    • Art, writing, Confucianism, silk, rice, and government borrowed from China

Chapter 12, Sect. 3


Under the sui tang song dynasties

Kamakura Shogunate (1192-1275AD)

Chapter 12, Sect. 3


Under the sui tang song dynasties

Kamakura Shogunate (1192-1275AD)

  • Background

    • Daimyo fight over land

    • Emperor’s power further weakened as “Supreme Military General” or Shogun takes power

  • Achievements

    • Feudal system fully developed

    • “Bushido” (warrior code) developed

Chapter 12, Sect. 3


Kamakura shogunate 1192 1275ad

Kamakura Shogunate (1192-1275AD)

  • Mongol Invasion

    • Kublai Khan sent a Mongol invasion fleet to attack Japan

    • Emperor called for prayers to stop invasion

    • Large storm came and sank most of the invasion fleet

    • Storm called “Kamikaze” or “Divine Wind”

Chapter 12, Sect. 3


Under the sui tang song dynasties

Korea

  • Geography

    • Rugged mountainous peninsula

    • Located east coast China

    • Across channel from Japan

  • Culture

    • Heavily influenced by China

    • Also conquered by Mongols

    • When Mongols expelled, established own Yi Dynasty (1392)

    • Buddhism became state religion

    • Developed movable metal type

Chapter 12, Sect. 3


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