Questions. What is meant by westernization? Why is westernization critical to the success of Russia? What groups of people were resistant to changing Russia? What are some of the changes PTG made to westernize Russia?. Peter the Great. Russia\'s Absolute Monarch. Peter the Great.
Russia\'s Absolute Monarch
Church was very superstitious & opposed learning as “a spiritual sin”
Geography prevented effective trade and exchange of ideas with the rest of Europe
Unlike Western Europe, serfdom still existed in Russia and was very widespread
Peter created a professional army that was drilled by European soldiers with European weapons
Peter built his new capital, St. Petersburg, on Swedish lands on the Baltic Sea and forced nobles to move there