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INDIVIDUAL SOLDIER ROE. H – You may immediately engage Hostiles E - Use your Escalation of Force procedures to help identify potential threats and to put yourself in a better defensive posture R – Remember the Restrictions under law of war and the ROE

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INDIVIDUAL SOLDIER ROE

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Individual soldier roe

INDIVIDUAL SOLDIER ROE


Hero rules of engagement memory tool

H – You may immediately engage Hostiles

E - Use your Escalation of Force procedures to help identify potential threats and to put yourself in a better defensive posture

R – Remember theRestrictionsunder law of war and the ROE

O – You have Operational Authority to use force to Protect Designated Persons and Property

“HERO” – Rules of Engagement Memory Tool


You may engage hostiles

If you have Positive ID (“Reasonable certainty”) of

Hostile Acts

Hostile Forces

Hostile Intent

A Hostile Act is your most common, easily PID’d threat, E.g.,

They are in the process of firing at you

They are pointing a weapon at you aggressively

PID of a Hostile Force – the least common threat, E.g.,

Uniforms?

Military vehicles/markings?

A Big sign that says “Al Qaeda ‘R Us”?

You May Engage “HOSTILES”


How do you pid hostile intent

Hostile Intent is a “Threat of Imminent Use of Force”

Preparing to draw/mount a weapon aggressively

Maneuvering for tactical advantage while armed

Charging into threat range (IED/Edged Weapon)

Hostile Intent is the most critical threat because the insurgent will not “telegraph” their attacks

Hardest to Identify

Easiest to Make a Mistake

Remember “Action beats Reaction” – Slow PID increases your danger

How do you PID “Hostile Intent”?


Shkan systematic visual technique to look for threat indicators

Silhouette – Check entire person

Hands – Weapons in their hand

Kit - Equipment, holster, sling, other indicators of weapon on their waistline/body

Area – Weapons in Immediate area (easy grabbing distance or wingspan)

Nastiness – Aggressive demeanor, stance, expression, noncompliance

“SHKAN” –Systematic Visual Technique to Look for Threat Indicators


Hostile

Hostile?

  • 5 Point Scan

    • Silhouette

    • Hands

    • Kit

    • Area

    • Nastiness


Hostile1

Hostile?

  • 5 Point Scan

    • Silhouette

    • Hands

    • Kit

    • Area

    • Nastiness


Hostile2

Hostile?

  • Silhouette

  • Hands

  • Kit

  • Area

  • Nastiness


E escalation of force eof procedures

EOF are a set of tools to PID “suspicious behavior” and improve your force protection

EOF can help reduce firing of weapons and unnecessary loss of civilian/friendly lives

The acronym on the next slide helps to prepare/plan for EOF – train on how to set yourself up to use the non-lethal measures without sacrificing your ability to respond with deadly force when you need to

E – Escalation of Force (EOF) Procedures


Eof the 6 ss

If time and circumstances permit,

SHOUT Warnings to Stop

SHOW Weapon

SHOVE, Restrain or Detain

SHOOT Warning

SHOOT to Disable Vehicle

SHOOT to Eliminate Threat

DO NOT HAVE TO GO THROUGH EACH STEP IF THE SITUATION DOES NOT SAFELY ALLOW!

EOF - “The 6 Ss”


Shout

This step in the EOF procedure reminds us to communicate a challenge to the suspicious person or vehicle

Includes verbal and visual techniques

Remember to allocate duties between the “contact” and “cover” teams to avoid increasing danger to Soldiers

Contact uses communications tools

Cover is prepared to engage at all times

“SHOUT”


American forces stop or i will fire in local languages

Pashto (Southern Afghanistan) – “Ashkar Amrikayi! Wo da riga Awya De!”

Farsi (N. of Kabul) – “As karoo Amnikoo! Dresh ya fire may kenoom!”

Urdu (Pakistan) – “Amriki Forge Ruckjow! Warnagoli ma-roon go!”

Arabic (Iraq/Kuwait/etc) – “Al Kowat at Amrikia! Kef ow Atlook al nar!”

“American Forces! Stop or I Will Fire” in Local Languages


Shout visual substitutes

Stationary

Signs

Signal Flags

Loud Speaker

Serpentines

Lights

Lasers

Signal Flares

Moving

Signs

Horn/Air Horn

Water Bottles

Signal Flares

Powder Bags

Flashbangs

“SHOUT” – Visual Substitutes


Individual soldier roe

Displaying Weapons to Signal your Intent

Weapons Orientation

Positioning Crew Served Weapons or Combat Vehicles

In Iraq – Pistols can be more “powerful”

“SHOW”


Shove

Non-Deadly force to stop, slow, or ID suspicious behavior or to maintain dominance

Combatives techniques

Physical Barriers/Serpentines/Stop Strips

Vehicular blocking techniques in convoys

“SHOVE”


Shoot shoot shoot

Shots to Warn (If authorized)

In vicinity of threat but in safe direction

Signals your willingness to use force

Use Backstop when feasible

Shots to Disable Vehicle (Consider Weapon)

Tires, Engine Block, Windows

Shots to Kill

Lethal or Incapacitating Shot Placement

“SHOOT-SHOOT-SHOOT”


R remember your restrictions under the roe low

Remember the General Principles of the Law of War

Military Necessity

Avoid Unnecessary Suffering

Discrimination/Distinction

Proportionality

Limit Collateral Damage

Restrictions on certain type Weapons

Approvals for Certain operations/engagements

Avoid engaging noncombatants or certain property

R – Remember your Restrictions under the ROE/LOW


Restrictions persons or property we should not engage without pid of threat

A hostile individual who surrenders or is “Out of Combat”

Civilians/Protected Persons

Medical Facilities

Historical Facilities

Civilian/Women & Children Facilities (schools/daycare)

Infrastructure Facilities

Lines of Communication Facilities

Economic Facilities

Restrictions - Persons or Property we Should Not Engage without PID of Threat


O you have operational authority to defend designated persons and property

Command has authorized us to use force to defend certain types of people, units, or property

O – You have Operational Authority to Defend Designated Persons and Property


People i have operational authority to defend

You/your unit

Detainees

Civilians

Personnel designated by the commander

People I have Operational Authority to Defend


Property i have operational authority to defend

CENTCOM-designated property

Property designated by OSC

Property I have Operational Authority to Defend


Hero rules of engagement memory tool1

H – You may immediately engage Hostiles (Acts, Forces, Intent)

You can use the “SHKAN” to search for threat indicators

E - Use your Escalation of Force procedures to help identify potential threats and to put yourself in a better defensive posture

The 6Ss (Shout, Show, Shove, Shoot-Warn, Shoot-Disable, Shoot-Kill)

R – Remember theRestrictionsunder law of war and the ROE

O – You have Operational Authority to use force to Protect Designated Persons and Property

“HERO” – Rules of Engagement Memory Tool


Commander responsibilities

Ensure Soldiers are trained on the ROE

Ensure ROE is properly applied during planning and execution of operations

Use all necessary means available and take all appropriate actions to defend their unit and other US Forces in the vicinity from a hostile act or demonstration of hostile intent

Commander Responsibilities


Other leader considerations

International Borders

Commander’s Responsibility in Targeting

PID

Collateral Damage Estimate

Proportionality

Approval Authority

Types of Kinetic Strikes

Troops in Contact

Preplanned Strikes

Fleeting Targets

Time Sensitive Targets

Other Leader Considerations


Other leader considerations1

Cordon and Search

Mosque Operations & Detention of Clerics

Approval Authorities for Information Operations

Riot Control Agents (RCA) & Riot Control Means (RCM)

Mines

RUF for Detainee Operations

Other Leader Considerations


Agenda

TLOs

References

General Concepts

Soldier Responsibilities (the three takeaways)

HERO

SHKAN

EOF - The 6 Ss

Commander’s Responsibilities

Agenda


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