Topic 15: General Linear Tests and Extra Sum of Squares

Topic 15: General Linear Tests and Extra Sum of Squares PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Outline. Extra Sums of Squares with applicationsPartial correlationsStandardized regression coefficients. General Linear Tests. A different way to look at the comparison of modelsLook at the difference in SSE (unexplained SS)in SSM (explained SS)Because SSM SSE=SST, these two comparisons are e

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Topic 15: General Linear Tests and Extra Sum of Squares

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1. Topic 15: General Linear Tests and Extra Sum of Squares

2. Outline Extra Sums of Squares with applications Partial correlations Standardized regression coefficients

3. General Linear Tests A different way to look at the comparison of models Look at the difference in SSE (unexplained SS) in SSM (explained SS) Because SSM+SSE=SST, these two comparisons are equivalent

4. General Linear Tests Models we compare are hierarchical in the sense that one (the full model) includes all of the explanatory variables of the other (the reduced model) We can compare models with different explanatory variables X1, X2 vs X1 X1, X2, X3, X4, X5 vs X1, X2, X3 Note first includes all Xs of second

5. General Linear Tests We will get an F test that compares the two models We are testing a null hypothesis that the regression coefficients for the extra variables are all zero For X1, X2, X3, X4, X5 vs X1 , X2 , X3 H0: ▀4 = ▀5 = 0 H1: ▀4 and ▀5 are not both 0

6. General Linear Tests Degrees of freedom for the F statistic are the number of extra variables and the dfE for the larger model Suppose n=100 and we compare models with X1, X2, X3, X4, X5 vs X1 , X2 , X3 Numerator df is 2 Denominator df is n-6 = 94

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