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The Second New Deal. Obama on FDR. http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=eXfOrOQi8d4. Critics of the New Deal. New Deal under attack Deficit Spending A necessary evil When is it used? John Keynes Stimulate Economy Spend our way out of the Depression Did the New Deal end the Depression?.

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The Second New Deal

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The second new deal

The Second New Deal


Obama on fdr

Obama on FDR

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eXfOrOQi8d4


Critics of the new deal

Critics of the New Deal

  • New Deal under attack

    • Deficit Spending

      • A necessary evil

        • When is it used?

    • John Keynes

      • Stimulate Economy

      • Spend our way out of the Depression

    • Did the New Deal end the Depression?


The second new deal1

The Second New Deal

  • Continued to help

    • Farmers

    • Workers

    • Homebuyers

    • Elderly


Issues continued

Issues continued

  • Gains were not great

  • Unemployment remained high

  • Production still lagged


Eleanor roosevelt

Eleanor Roosevelt

  • Supported the Second New Deal

  • Social reformer and humanitarian

  • Contributed great political skills

  • Observed social conditions

    • Reported back to FDR

  • Urged FDR to appoint women to government positions


Eleanor roosevelt1

Eleanor Roosevelt

  • Urged the President to take a stand on controversial issues

  • Interested in

    • Child welfare

    • Housing reform

    • Equal rights for women

    • Equal rights for minorities


Eleanor roosevelt s speech on human rights

Eleanor Roosevelt’s Speech on Human Rights

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sPVWmmVKVk0


Dorothea lange

Dorothea Lange

  • Born in Hoboken, New Jersey in 1895

  • Studied photography in NYC

  • 1936 visited Nipomo, California

    • Migrant Mother


Election of 1936

Election of 1936

  • Republicans nominated Alfred Landon

    • Governor of Kansas

  • Democrats nominated Franklin Roosevelt

    • Second New Deal was under way

  • Overwhelming victory for the Democrats

    • First election where most African Americans voted Democratic rather than Republican

    • First time labor unions gave united support to a presidential candidate


The supreme court

The Supreme Court

  • NIRA is unconstitutional

    • Declared law gave legislative powers to the executive branch

    • Outside of federal government’s constitutional powers to regulate interstate commerce

  • AAA should be regulated by state not federal government

  • “Court Packing Bill” (1937)

    • Why did he propose it?

    • Appoint 6 new justices

    • Hugo S. Black shifts the balance

    • Violation of separation of powers?

    • How did Roosevelt get his way?


Youth professionals and other workers

Youth, professionals, and other workers


Works progress administration wpa

Works Progress Administration (WPA)

  • Headed by Harry Hopkins

    • Turned it into largest employer in the country

    • Create many jobs, fast!

    • 1935-1943 spent $11 billion

    • Jobs to 8 million

      • Unskilled


The second new deal

WPA

  • Eleanor Roosevelt

    • Women

    • Minorities

    • Young people


Wpa what they did

WPA: what they did

  • 850 airports

  • 651,000 miles of roads and streets

  • 125,000 public buildings

  • 300 million garments for the needy

    • Made by women in sewing groups


Labor unions

Labor Unions

  • Better working conditions because of the Wagner Act

  • Roosevelt was a “Friend of Labor”

    • Unions donated to his campaign

    • Workers pledged their votes

  • Especially affected coal miners and those working in mass-production industries (i.e. automobile, rubber, electrical)


Congress of industrial organizations

Congress of Industrial Organizations

  • 1938 Labor organization composed of industrial unions

    • Split from the Committee for Industrial Organization which signed up unskilled and semi-skilled workers

      • Gained union recognition within 2 years


Labor disputes

Labor Disputes

  • Sit in strikes

    • Used to bargain during labor movements

    • Stayed in factory but did not do work

      • Why would this be effective?


Memorial day massacre

Memorial Day massacre

  • Memorial Day 1937

  • Police attacked striking steelworkers outside the Republic Steel plant

  • 10 were killed and 84 wounded

  • NLRB stepped in and required the head of Republic Steel to negotiate with the union

    • This helped labor gain strength


Slave narratives

Slave Narratives

  • Arnold Gragstonhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SsDelVbWozA

  • Sarah Gudgerhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6CrcHBWk8S8


National youth administration nya

National Youth Administration (NYA)

  • Provided

    • Education

    • Jobs

    • Counseling

    • Recreation

    • Aid to high school, college, and graduate students

      • Worked part-time in exchange


Improving labor conditions

Improving Labor Conditions

  • 1935 NIRA ruled unconstitutional

  • National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act)

    • Senator Robert Wagner (New York)

    • Protected rights of workers

      • Join unions

      • Engage in collective bargaining

    • Prohibited unfair practices


Fair labor standards act

Fair Labor Standards Act

  • 1938

  • Maximum hours at 44 per week

  • Minimum wage = 25 cents/hour

    • 40 cents/hour by 1945

  • Rules for 16yrs and under

  • Banned hazardous work for 18 and under


Social security act

Social Security Act

  • 1935 chaired by Frances Perkins

  • 3 major parts

    • Old-age insurance for retirees 65+ and spouses

    • Unemployment compensation system

    • Aid to families with dependent children and the disabled

  • Provided substantial benefits to millions


Social security

Social Security

  • Government began accepting responsibility for providing assistance to needy members of society

    • Old age insurance

    • Unemployment compensation

    • Aid to disabled and dependent children


Utilities

Utilities

  • 1935 = 12.6% of American farms had electricity

  • Rural Electrification Administration (REA)

    • Executive order

    • Bring electricity to isolated areas

  • 1945 = 48% of American farms and rural homes had electricity

  • 1949 = 90%


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