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Marquette & Joliet. By: Patricia Carlough. Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet. Jacques was a Catholic missionary and an explorer while Louis was a French-Canadian trader and explorer. Jacques was born in Laon , France Louis was born near Quebec City and was raised in a Jesuit seminary

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Marquette joliet

Marquette &Joliet

By: Patricia Carlough


Jacques marquette and louis joliet
Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet

  • Jacques was a Catholic missionary and an explorer while Louis was a French-Canadian trader and explorer.

  • Jacques was born in Laon, France

  • Louis was born near Quebec City and was raised in a Jesuit seminary

  • In 1672 Joliet was named the leader of the exploration of the great lakes.

  • After the expedition Marquette went back to preach to a tribe of Illinois Native Americans until his death in 1675


What country did they work for
What country did they work for

  • Louis Joliet is from Quebec City, Canada

  • Jacques Marquette is from Laon, France

  • Both Marquette and Joliet sailed under France’s flag

  • they sailed in the Queen Elizabethan era

  • The Mississippi River Expedition was a year long


What did they discover
What did they discover

  • first Europeans to sail along the Mississippi River.

  • sailed Lake Michigan and explored both the Fox and Wisconsin Rivers.

  • they didn’t want to be captured so they sailed up the Illinois River into Lake Michigan

  • after a canoe tipping Joliet lost all of his maps and dairies of the expedition.

  • They sailed the Mississippi River in 1673


What kind of ships did they use
What kind of ships did they use

  • They used two birch bark canoes

  • They mainly sailed

  • Sometimes traveled on foot

  • Carried salted meat, trinkets for trading and some dairies for recording

  • Spread word of God from tribe to tribe


About the exploration party
About the Exploration Party

  • They took a group of five men

  • Took 30 days to go 1,273 miles

  • Took twice as long 54 days to only go 920 miles

  • Joliet had paddled 2,500 miles on his exploration of the Mississippi River

  • Marquette drew a map of the country and kept a diary


Fun facts
Fun Facts

  • In 1675 Joliet married Claire-Francoise Bissot

  • Joliet and Claire had one child Jean-Baptiste Joliet

  • 1700 Joliet died on an exploration

  • After trying to contact Illinois Indians Marquette fell ill

  • 1675 May 19 Marquette died


Champlain
Champlain

  • Samuel de Champlain was a French explorer and navigator who mapped much of North America

  • Searched for the Northwest Passage and settle on the Gaspe Peninsula

  • 1608 led 32 colonists to settle in Quebec

  • Helped found a colony in Port Royal and Nova Scotia in 1605

  • Champlain was a governor for Quebec until his death in December 25, 1635


Interesting facts
Interesting Facts

  • Champlain was well educated

  • Known as father of Canada

  • Expedition consisted of 24 canoes, 60 warriors, and only three white men

  • 1610, 40 year old Champlain married 12 year old Helene Boulle

  • December 25, 1635 Champlain died


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