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Body Image. Media messages can have a strong impact on a person’s body image. In your notebooks write down ways that media can affect body image. Give examples. Maintaining a Healthy Weight. Calories. Units used to measure energy Energy in food

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Body image
Body Image

  • Media messages can have a strong impact on a person’s body image. In your notebooks write down ways that media can affect body image. Give examples.



Calories
Calories

  • Units used to measure energy

    • Energy in food

    • Energy your body uses for life processes and physical activity

  • Calorie Balance

    • Calories Consumed = Calories Burned

    • Calories Consumed < Calories Burned

    • Calories Consumed > Calories Burned


Factors that influence appropriate weight range
Factors that Influence Appropriate Weight Range

  • Age

  • Gender

  • Height

  • Body frame

  • Growth rate

  • Metabolic rate

  • Activity level


BMI

  • Body Mass Index – Ratio that allows you to assess your body size in relation to your height and weight

  • Charts take gender and age into account

  • There is no single size or shape that is normal for everyone


Calculating bmi
Calculating BMI

Weight (in pounds) x 703

BMI =

Height (in inches)²


How tall are y ou i n inches
How Tall Are You In Inches?

  • 4 feet = 48 inches

  • 5 feet = 60 inches

  • 5” 2’ = 62 inches

  • 5” 4’ = 64 inches

  • 5” 6’ = 66 inches

  • 5” 8’ = 68 inches

  • 5” 10’ = 70 inches

  • 6 feet = 72 inches

Remember:

1 foot = 12 inches

So to calculate multiply feet by 12 and then add the inches

If you are 5” 3’:

5 x 12 = 60

60 + 3 = 63 inches tall


Overweight vs obesity
Overweight vs. Obesity

  • Overweight – a condition in which a person is heavier than the standard weight range for his or her height

  • Obesity – having an excess amount of body fat


Healthy weight loss strategies
Healthy Weight Loss Strategies

  • Instead of 2,000 calories eat 1,700 to 1,800

  • Include your favorites in moderation

  • Eat a variety of low-calorie, nutrient dense foods

  • Drink plenty of water

  • Increase physical activity

  • You should only lose about a pound a week


Risky diet strategies
Risky Diet Strategies

Fad Diets – weight loss plans that are popular only for a short period of time

Liquid diets

Fasting

Diet pills


Weight cycling
Weight Cycling

  • The repeated pattern of loss and regain of body weight

    • Slow steady weight loss is better and safer


Eating disorders
Eating Disorders

Extreme, harmful eating behavior that can cause serious illness or death

Exact causes are unknown

Mental disorder

Anorexia – disorder in which the irrational fear of becoming obese results in severe weight loss from self imposed starvation

Bulimia – disorder in which some form of purging or clearing the digestive tract follows cycles of overeating

BingeEating – A disorder characterized by compulsive overeating

Do not purge themselves


Underweight
Underweight

  • Underweight – a condition in which a person is less than the standard weight range for his or her height

    • Decreased ability to fight disease

    • Fatigue


Healthy weight gain strategies
Healthy Weight Gain Strategies

  • Increase your calorie intake

  • Eat often

  • Take second helpings

  • Eat nutritious snacks

  • Build muscle


Healthy weight gain strategies1
Healthy Weight Gain Strategies

  • Increase your calorie intake

  • Eat often

  • Take second helpings

  • Eat nutritious snacks

  • Build muscle


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