Blackface and minstrel shows
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Blackface and Minstrel Shows. An Inspiration for Jim?. What is a Minstrel Show?.

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Blackface and Minstrel Shows

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Blackface and minstrel shows

Blackface and Minstrel Shows

An Inspiration for Jim?


What is a minstrel show

What is a Minstrel Show?

  • The Minstrel Show presents us with a strange and awful phenomenon. In the US they began in the 1830s, with working class white men dressing up as plantation slaves. These men imitated black musical and dance forms, combining savage parody of black Americans with genuine fondness for African American cultural forms. By the Civil War the minstrel show had become world famous and respectable. Late in his life Mark Twain fondly remembered the "old time nigger show" with its colorful comic darkies and its rousing songs and dances.


Blackface

Blackface

  • White performers would blacken their faces with burnt cork or greasepaint, dress in outlandish costumes, and then perform songs and skits that mocked African Americans as lazy, buffoonish, dumb, superstitious and musical. Some of the most famous songs in American history--Dixie, Camptown Races, Oh Sussanah, My Old Kentucky Home--began as minstrel songs.


Caricatures

Caricatures

  • These three stock characters were among several that reappeared in minstrel shows throughout the nineteenth century. "Jim Crow" was the stereotypical carefree slave, "Mr. Tambo" a joyous musician, and "Zip Coon" a free black attempting to "put on airs" or rise above his station. The parody in minstrel shows was often savage.


Blackface and minstrel shows

  • “Jim Crow”


A blackface routine

A Blackface “Routine”

  • Dog-gone it, seems like every time there's a [train] excursion, I'm always broke.

  • You wouldn't be broke if you'd go to work.

  • I would work, if I could find any pleasure in it.

  • I don't know anything about pleasure, but always remember it's the early bird that catches the worm!

  • Uh, the early bird catches what worm?

  • Why, any worm!

  • Well, what of it, what about it?

  • He catches it, that's all!

  • Well, what's the worm's idea in being there?

  • (They go on and on with this as Moran gets ever more exasperated, and Mack finally sighs):

  • Who wants a worm, anyhow?


The legacy of blackface

The Legacy of Blackface

  • old “Looney Tunes” cartoons

  • Buckwheat (The Little Rascals)

  • Amos ‘n Andy

  • Aunt Jemima and Mrs. Butterworth

  • Uncle Ben’s Rice

  • modern-day sketch comedy

  • Spike Lee’s Bamboozled (This film accuses black entertainment of exploiting African-American culture for the benefit of white audiences.)


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