Challanges and perspectives in earth observation
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Challanges and perspectives in Earth Observation. Vincenzo Cuomo Università degli Studi della Basilicata Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche. The new challanges in Earth Observation. Improvements in the decade 2000-2010 Observations from space

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Challanges and perspectives in earth observation

Challanges and perspectives in EarthObservation

Vincenzo Cuomo

Università degli Studi della Basilicata

Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche


The new challanges in earth observation

The new challanges in Earth Observation

Improvements in the decade 2000-2010

  • Observations from space

    • Sensing capacity (e.g. EOS, METOP, MSG; ENVISAT; SMOS; TerraSar, RadarSat, Cosmo SkyMed, ALOS; IKONOS, Quickbird, EROS, Rapid Eye, SPOT; JASON; CALIPSO; GRACE, GOCE)

    • Time resolution increase

  • Ground based observations

    • Technology setting up (SAR techniques, Laser scanning, Web sensors and web services) and improvements of current technologies

    • Diffusion and consolidation of networking at international level (FPVI, FPVII Capacities)

  • Airborne observations

    • Technology setting up and improvements (e.g. SAR, Laser scanning, new generation Hyperspectrals, Integrated platforms)

Matera, 8 June, 2012


The new challanges in earth observation1

The new challanges in Earth Observation

Improvements in the decade 2000-2010

  • ICT development

    • Architectures, middleware, standards (e.g. Data interoperability, web sensors and web services, Grid techniques, Self-adaptative networks, cloud)

  • The added value of integration

    • IGOS approach became operational

    • In most of the cases the exploitation of information contained in the data is based on the identification of integration chains tailored on the studied problem

    • Actually these integration chains have been mostly developed in research projects and are going to enter into operational chains

Matera, 8 June, 2012


The new challanges in earth observation2

The new challanges in Earth Observation

  • It is possible to observe processes that up to now were beyond our observing capability;

  • Development of RT and NRT applications;

  • Integration based on the management of large data fluxes

  • The web opens new frontiers

Matera, 8 June, 2012


The new challanges in earth observation3

The new challanges in Earth Observation

The expected developments for the next decade

  • Observations from space

    • Missions going to be launched and new scheduled missions (e.g. Sentinels, Galileo, ADM, Earthcare, MTG, Post-EPS, NPOESS, GPM, SAOCOM, Aquarius/SAC-D, Pleiades, Hyperspectral missions)

    • Low cost satellites and constellations

    • Transition to geostationary platforms of technologies now operating on polar platforms

    • Extension of spectral range (e.g. FTIR, MW)

  • Ground based observations

    • Consolidation of networks and extension at planetary scale

  • Airborne observations

    • Drones and unmanned

  • ICT (cloud of sensors, model web)

  • The full operational integration (EO + Satnav + SatCom+ ICT)

Matera, 8 June, 2012


The new challanges in earth observation4

The new challanges in Earth Observation

We are developing a tool box that allows to develop applications tailored on user needs.

Flexibility of the approach

Sharing of costs

Importance of European networking

Importance of observational infrastructures

Matera, 8 June, 2012


The impact on applications

The impact on Applications

The applications market

Safety and security: landslides, floods, earthquakes, fires, damage assessment, crisis management, early warning, oil spills, monitoring of critical infrastructures, homeland security, maritime surveillance , etc.;

Cultural Heritage: Discovery of buried bodies, rescue archaeology, monitoring of historical city centers, monitoring of cultural heritage, etc;

Monitoring of the environment: Air quality, inland and sea waters quality, soil quality and monitoring of contaminated sites, oil spills, subsidence, transport of pollutants, monitoring of natural parks, monitoring of critical areas, salinization, land cover and land monitoring, etc.;

Agriculture and forestry: food security, crop monitoring (prevention of humanitarian crises, market volatility and prices of agricultural resources), state of forests, EU Common Agriculture Policy, etc;

Matera, 8 June, 2012


The impact on applications1

The Impact on Applications

The application market

Oceanography: Productivity of the sea and fisheries issues, marine circulation, prediction of extreme events, sea pollution, management of coastal systems, etc;

Atmosphere: Meteorology, clouds and precipitation, atmospheric chemistry, prediction of extreme events

Monitoring of urban areas;

Management of water resources;

Climate change: Essential Climate Variables and modeling of climate change, assessment of trends, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, droughts, desertification, sources and sinks of CO2, reporting for Kyoto Protocol and post-Kyoto agreements, etc.;

Energy: Sunshine maps, wind maps, biomass monitoring, monitoring of energy infrastructures (pipelines, etc.);

Insurances:Damage assessment for insurance claims, risk maps, etc.;

Transport

Etc.

Matera, 8 June, 2012


The italian perspective

The Italian Perspective

Italian Technological platform on Space

Matera, 8 June, 2012


Taxonomies of spin it

Taxonomies of SPIN-IT

DA1

DA2

DA3

DA4

Earth Observation Systems

Navigation Systems

Telecommunication Systems

Space

Transportation Systems, Launch Systems

DA5

DA6

DA7

Human exploration

Integrated Applications and Services

Universe and planetary observation, robotics

Space Station, Mannedsystems

Security

TA1

TA2

Electronics

Integrated sensors, cryogeny

Thermomechanics

Materials

Structures

Mechanics

Photonics

Optics

TA3

TA4

ICT

Technologies for space transportation

Signal and Data Processing

Courtesy of Emanuele Rizzo - Spin-it Secretariat

Matera, 8 June, 2012


The european perspective

The European Perspective

Horizon 2020

ExcellentScience:

EuropeanResearchCouncil;

Future and EmergingTechnologies;

Marie Curie Actions;

EuropeanResearchInfrastructures.

IndustialLeadership:

Enablingtechnologies: ICT, Nanotechnologies, Advancedmaterials, Biotechnology, Advancedmanifacturing and processing, Space;

Access toriskfinance;

Innovation in SMEs.

SocietalChallanges:

Health, demographicchange and wellbeing;

Food security, sustainable agricolture marine and maritimeresearch and bio-economy;

Secure, clean and efficientenergy;

Smart, green and integrated transport;

Climateaction, resourceefficiency and rawmaterials;

Inclusive, innovative and sicure societes.

Matera, 8 June, 2012


The european perspective1

The EuropeanPerspective

GMES is a flagship European Initiative

The research - enterprises - end users chain

Services

In-situ

systems

Space

systems

GMES

Data Integration &

Information Management

GMES is a program of EU and ESA

Matera, 8 June, 2012


The european perspective2

The EuropeanPerspective

GMES is the pivot of the EuropeanObservingCapability

Itisnecessarythat GMES isincludedinto the Multi-annualFinancial Framework

Matera, 8 June, 2012


The european perspective3

The EuropeanPerspective

The promotion of networking is a priority in order to:

Develop new applications;

Deliver better services at lower cost;

Diffuse best practices.

Regions and Clusters play a key role in the promotion of networking.

Matera, 8 June, 2012


The european perspective4

The EuropeanPerspective

Proposal

NEREUS should promote that space clusters existing in NEREUS Regions federate into a cluster of clusters

This is a way to win the actual challenges

This is a way to promote smart specialization

This is a way to contribute to the success of HORIZON 2020

Matera, 8 June, 2012


Challanges and perspectives in earth observation

The added value of integration;The networking at the global scale: the GALION project

The Eyjafjölleruption

Picture courtesy: Magnús Tumi Guðmundsson

2006-2009 sismicactivity in the area

20 March 2010 –a first eruption started

14 April 2010 – explosiveeruptionwithashinjection in the troposphere

14 April – 23 May eruptiveactivitycontinues

24 May 2010 volcaniceruptionisover

Matera, 8 June, 2012

Courtesy of G. Pappalardo et al.


Challanges and perspectives in earth observation

EARLINET-ASOS

The added value of integration;The networking at the global scale

European Aerosol Research Lidar Network

  • since 2000

  • 27 lidar stations

  • -10 multiwavelength Raman lidar stations

  • backscatter (355, 532 and 1064 nm) + extinction (355 and 532 nm) + depol ratio (532 nm)

  • 10 Raman lidar stations

  • 7 single backscatter lidar stations

  • comprehensive, quantitative, and statistically significant data base

  • Continental and long-term scale

www.earlinet.org

For more info about EARLINET please contact [email protected]

Matera, 8 June, 2012

Courtesy of G. Pappalardo et al.


Challanges and perspectives in earth observation

The added value of integration;The networking at the global scale

EARLINET: European Aerosol Research Lidar Network

First tool for 4D aerosol measurements on continental scale

  • Quality assurance program

    • Instruments

    • Data analysis

  • Predefined measurement schedule (3 per week) → unbiased

  • Coordinated network observations for special events (e.g., Saharan dust, forest fires, photochemical smog, diurnal circle, volcanic aerosols)

  • Standardized data format

  • Access to data via centralized data base

Matera, 8 June, 2012

Courtesy of G. Pappalardo et al.


Challanges and perspectives in earth observation

The added value of integration;The networking at the global scale

MODIS/Terra (AOD)

17 April 2010

CALIPSO

Paris EARLINET Station

Matera, 8 June, 2012

Courtesy of G. Pappalardo et al.


Challanges and perspectives in earth observation

21 April 2010, Athens, Greece

16-17 April 2010, Paris, France

18 April 2010, Leipzig, Germany

20 April 2010, Potenza, Italy

The added value of integration;The networking at the global scale

Examplesof EARLINET observationsof the volcaniclayer (15-23 April 2010)

Matera, 8 June, 2012

Courtesy of G. Pappalardo et al.


Challanges and perspectives in earth observation

ALINE, Latin America AD-Net, East Asia     CIS-LINET, Commonwealth ofIndependentStates    EARLINET, Europe    NDACC, Global Stratosphere    REALM, Eastern North America     MPLNET, Global, Micropulse Lidar

The added value of integration;The networking at the global scale: the GALION project

EARLINET

from continental to global coverage

GALION

GALION – the GAW Aerosol Lidar Observation Network

GALION isorganizedas a Network ofNetworks, coordinating

www.wmo.int/gaw/galion

Contact [email protected]

Matera, 8 June, 2012

Courtesy of G. Pappalardo et al.


Challanges and perspectives in earth observation

The added value of integration;The networking at the global scale: the GAW project

GALION in GAWSIS

GALION stationsareidentifiedanddiscoverable in GAWSIS

Matera, 8 June, 2012

Courtesy of G. Pappalardo et al.


Challanges and perspectives in earth observation

CAPMon

Operational & comprehensive

Operational, incomplete

No direct link at present

The added value of integration;The networking at the global scale: the GALION project

GAWSIS – Metadata Integration for WIS

WDCPC

AERONET

Matera, 8 June, 2012

Courtesy of G. Pappalardo et al.


Challanges and perspectives in earth observation

Thank you for your attention!

Any Questions?

Matera, 8 June, 2012


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