Mesoamerica
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Mesoamerica. 300s-900s Yucatan to Central America. The Maya. Each city had a ruling chief Bureaucracy of nobles Theocracy. Government. Polytheistic Elaborate ceremonies. Religion. Cleared rainforests Channels. Farming Methods. Hieroglyphics Number system with zero

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Mesoamerica

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Mesoamerica

Mesoamerica


The maya

300s-900s

Yucatan to Central America

The Maya


Government

Each city had a ruling chief

Bureaucracy of nobles

Theocracy

Government


Religion

Polytheistic

Elaborate ceremonies

Religion


Farming methods

Cleared rainforests

Channels

Farming Methods


Achievements

Hieroglyphics

Number system with zero

Solar calendar (astronomy)

Pyramids

Achievements


Causes for decline

Theories: warfare, disease, overpopulation, peasant revolts, food shortage

Causes for decline


The aztec

1200s-1500s

Central Mexico

The Aztec


Government1

Emperor chosen by nobles and priests to lead in war

Government


Religion1

Polytheistic

Human sacrifices (to the sun god) - video

Religion


Farming methods1

Floating gardens

Farming Methods


Achievements1

Herbs and medicines

Steam baths

Accurate calendar

Achievements


Cause for decline

Spanish invaders

Hernán Cortés

Cause for decline


The inca

1400s-1500s

Peru, Chile

The Inca


Government2

Theocracy: rule by God-king with absolute power

Efficient government

Government


Religion2

Polytheistic

Religion


Farming methods2

Step terraces

Farming Methods


Achievements2

Surgery and antiseptics

Extensive road system

Quipu (record keeping)

Machu Picchu

Achievements


Cause for decline1

Spanish invaders

Francisco Pizarro

Cause for decline


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