Mesoamerica
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Mesoamerica PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Mesoamerica. 300s-900s Yucatan to Central America. The Maya. Each city had a ruling chief Bureaucracy of nobles Theocracy. Government. Polytheistic Elaborate ceremonies. Religion. Cleared rainforests Channels. Farming Methods. Hieroglyphics Number system with zero

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Mesoamerica

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Mesoamerica


300s-900s

Yucatan to Central America

The Maya


Each city had a ruling chief

Bureaucracy of nobles

Theocracy

Government


Polytheistic

Elaborate ceremonies

Religion


Cleared rainforests

Channels

Farming Methods


Hieroglyphics

Number system with zero

Solar calendar (astronomy)

Pyramids

Achievements


Theories: warfare, disease, overpopulation, peasant revolts, food shortage

Causes for decline


1200s-1500s

Central Mexico

The Aztec


Emperor chosen by nobles and priests to lead in war

Government


Polytheistic

Human sacrifices (to the sun god) - video

Religion


Floating gardens

Farming Methods


Herbs and medicines

Steam baths

Accurate calendar

Achievements


Spanish invaders

Hernán Cortés

Cause for decline


1400s-1500s

Peru, Chile

The Inca


Theocracy: rule by God-king with absolute power

Efficient government

Government


Polytheistic

Religion


Step terraces

Farming Methods


Surgery and antiseptics

Extensive road system

Quipu (record keeping)

Machu Picchu

Achievements


Spanish invaders

Francisco Pizarro

Cause for decline


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