Measurement of the non observed economy
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MEASUREMENT OF THE NON-OBSERVED ECONOMY:. Exhaustiveness Adjustments in Slovenia for the year 2002, using Eurostat’s Tabular Approach. Andrej Flajs (Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia). GDP 1995-2002 revision Exhaustiveness adjustments by output GDP – Eurostat’s Tabular Approach

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Measurement of the non observed economy

MEASUREMENT OF THE NON-OBSERVED ECONOMY:

Exhaustiveness Adjustments in Slovenia for the year 2002, using Eurostat’s Tabular Approach

Andrej Flajs

(Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia)


Measurement of the non observed economy

  • GDP 1995-2002 revision

  • Exhaustiveness adjustments by output GDP – Eurostat’s Tabular Approach

    • By type

    • By institutional sectors

    • By activities


Gdp 1995 2002 revision 1

GDP 1995-2002 revision (1)

  • Methodology ESA 1995;

  • Complete data sources by institutional sectors at unit level;

  • VAT, Labour Costs Survey 2000/2004, Economic Accounts for Agriculture;

  • New accounting system for public sector – general government and market producers at unit level;

  • Agreement with the Ministry of Finance and the Tax Office at the end of 2002: unit level data for VAT reports, S.14 production units and households income tax annual report;


Gdp 1995 2002 revision 2

GDP 1995-2002 revision (2)

  • Output GDP – 140 activities separately by institutional sectors/data sources, first annual estimate in June (t + 6 months);

  • Supply/use tables, 250 product (t + 28 months), current prices (project for constant prices);

  • GDP revision effects: on average +6.5% GDP level, of which 2.75 percentage points methodology and 3.75 exhaustiveness adjustments;

  • Total exhaustiveness adjustments 6.6% of GDP (7.5% 2002), without illegal production (0.6% of GDP 2002).


Main types of exhaustivenes adjustments of 2000 2002 gdp

Main types of exhaustivenes adjustments of 2000-2002 GDP


N6 producers deliberately misreporting

N6 Producers deliberately misreporting

1.7% of GDP and 20.8% of total, important for small units up to 10 employees of S.11 (at the final step of GDP revision) and for all units of S.14.

  • labour force balancing between LFS and national accounts;

  • taxes and particularly VAT audit checks;

  • theoretical VAT calculation and particularly VAT with complicity and VAT without complicity;

  • analysis and comparison of data by enterprise size according to number of employees and between sectors;

  • supply/use balancing.

Current priorities: theoretical VAT calculation for 2001 and 2002, audit checks analyse particularly for VAT.


N7 other statistical deficiencies

N7 Other statistical deficiencies

2.5% of GDP and 30.5% of total. All institutional sectors, the most important for S.11 (74.4% of total) and S.14 (17.9% of total). Statistical survey 2005 for S.15 NPISH and leasing companies.

  • cash remunerations for business travel;

  • tips;

  • private use of business cars;

  • food in restaurants and canteens for employees;

  • price adjustments in agriculture due to direct sales to final consumers on farms and at markets and at farm to final consumers;

  • students’ work;

  • food in the army.


Exhaustiveness adjustments by institutional sectors without n2

Exhaustiveness adjustments by institutional sectors (without N2)


Exhaustiveness adjustments by activities without n2

Exhaustiveness adjustments by activities (without N2)


What is not exhaustiveness adjustment by eurostat problem of non observed economy

What is not exhaustiveness adjustment by Eurostat? (problem of non-observed economy)


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